How to format your references using the Chromatography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromatography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arnold, C. The stressed-out postdoc. Science 2014, 345, 594.
A journal article with 2 authors
Apesteguía, S.; Zaher, H. A Cretaceous terrestrial snake with robust hindlimbs and a sacrum. Nature 2006, 440, 1037–1040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gandy, S.; Naslund, J.; Nordstedt, C. Alzheimer’s disease. Molecular consequences of presenilin-1 mutation. Nature 2001, 411, 654–656.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmidt, J.; Brilliantov, N.; Spahn, F.; Kempf, S. Slow dust in Enceladus’ plume from condensation and wall collisions in tiger stripe fractures. Nature 2008, 451, 685–688.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martindale, W. Global Food Security and Supply; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118699287.
An edited book
Foodborne Parasites; Ortega, Y.R., Ed.; Food Microbiology And Food Safety Series; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006; ISBN 9780387300689.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruzzone, A.G.; Massei, M.; Longo, F.; Scalzo, D.; Martini, C.; Villanueva, J.; Bucchianica, L. Simulation Based Design of Innovative Quick Response Processes in Cloud Supply Chain Management for “Slow Food” Distribution. In Theory, Methodology, Tools and Applications for Modeling and Simulation of Complex Systems: 16th Asia Simulation Conference and SCS Autumn Simulation Multi-Conference, AsiaSim/SCS AutumnSim 2016, Beijing, China, October 8-11, 2016, Proceedings, Part III; Zhang, L., Song, X., Wu, Y., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Singapore, 2016; pp. 25–34 ISBN 9789811026683.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromatography.

Blog post
Andrew, E. New Evidence Suggests There Are More Dwarf Planets In Our Solar System Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Success Depends Upon Strong Management and Structured Approach; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Noxon, C. Sedentism, Agriculture, and the Neolithic Demographic Transition: Insights from Jōmon Paleodemography. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L. No Parking: Condos Leave Out Cars. New York Times 2006, RE12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChromatography
AbbreviationChromatography (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9075

Other styles