How to format your references using the Chromatography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromatography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tutu, D. Genome-Sequencing Anniversary. My Genome. Science 2011, 331, 689.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burdett, T.C.; Freeman, M.R. Neuroscience. Astrocytes Eyeball Axonal Mitochondria. Science 2014, 345, 385–386.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shimojo, S.; Kamitani, Y.; Nishida, S. Afterimage of Perceptually Filled-in Surface. Science 2001, 293, 1677–1680.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Block, B.A.; Teo, S.L.H.; Walli, A.; Boustany, A.; Stokesbury, M.J.W.; Farwell, C.J.; Weng, K.C.; Dewar, H.; Williams, T.D. Electronic Tagging and Population Structure of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna. Nature 2005, 434, 1121–1127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barker, P.; Chang, J. Basic Family Therapy; John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781118624944.
An edited book
Babu, P. Extremophiles and Their Applications in Medical Processes; Chandel, A.K., Singh, O.V., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Microbiology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319128078.
A chapter in an edited book
Altshuler, Y.; Yanovsky, V.; Wagner, I.A.; Bruckstein, A.M. Swarm Intelligence — Searchers, Cleaners and Hunters. In Swarm Intelligent Systems; Nedjah, N., Mourelle, L. de M., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; pp. 93–132 ISBN 9783540338680.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromatography.

Blog post
Taub, B. Polish Man Becomes First Person Born Without A Hand To Receive A Transplant Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office National Assessment of Educational Progress: Its Results Need To Be Made More Useful; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1976;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lavoie, D. Ecotone. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2016, MM38.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChromatography
AbbreviationChromatography (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9075

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