How to format your references using the Chromatography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromatography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGaugh, S. Astronomy. Seeing through Dark Matter. Science 2007, 317, 607–608.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin, S.-C.; van Keken, P.E. Multiple Volcanic Episodes of Flood Basalts Caused by Thermochemical Mantle Plumes. Nature 2005, 436, 250–252.
A journal article with 3 authors
Colombani, J.; Andersen, D.S.; Léopold, P. Secreted Peptide Dilp8 Coordinates Drosophila Tissue Growth with Developmental Timing. Science 2012, 336, 582–585.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Onda, K.; Li, B.; Zhao, J.; Jordan, K.D.; Yang, J.; Petek, H. Wet Electrons at the H2O/TiO2(110) Surface. Science 2005, 308, 1154–1158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayoun, B.A. Mindfulness-Integrated CBT for Well-Being and Personal Growth; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118509111.
An edited book
Models of the History of Philosophy: Volume II: From Cartesian Age to Brucker; Santinello, G., Piaia, G., Eds.; International Archives of the History of Ideas / Archives internationales d’histoire des idées; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; ISBN 9789048195060.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, J.; Li, X.; Chen, K.; Zhang, W. Attack Based on Direct Sum Decomposition against the Nonlinear Filter Generator. In Progress in Cryptology - AFRICACRYPT 2012: 5th International Conference on Cryptology in Africa, Ifrance, Morocco, July 10-12, 2012. Proceedings; Mitrokotsa, A., Vaudenay, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 53–66 ISBN 9783642314094.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromatography.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Women Scientists You Need To Know Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Volume 67, November 1987; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, K.E. Transformational Leadership Practices of African-American Ministers at Predominantly African American Churches of Christ in Nashville, TN. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. Building on Twin Strands of Music and Compassion. New York Times 2017, A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChromatography
AbbreviationChromatography (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9075

Other styles