How to format your references using the Chromatography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromatography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner, M. Weaving life’s pattern. Nature 2002, 418, 279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clusella-Trullas, S.; Chown, S.L. Comment on “Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches.” Science 2011, 332, 537; author reply 537.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huber, D.; Veinante, P.; Stoop, R. Vasopressin and oxytocin excite distinct neuronal populations in the central amygdala. Science 2005, 308, 245–248.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Troy, C.S.; MacHugh, D.E.; Bailey, J.F.; Magee, D.A.; Loftus, R.T.; Cunningham, P.; Chamberlain, A.T.; Sykes, B.C.; Bradley, D.G. Genetic evidence for Near-Eastern origins of European cattle. Nature 2001, 410, 1088–1091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shaw, M.T. Introduction to Polymer Rheology; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118170229.
An edited book
Nature of Computation and Communication: Second International Conference, ICTCC 2016, Rach Gia, Vietnam, March 17-18, 2016, Revised Selected Papers; Vinh, P.C., Barolli, L., Eds.; Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 168; ISBN 9783319469089.
A chapter in an edited book
Zuazo, V.H.D.; Pleguezuelo, C.R.R.; Flanagan, D.; Tejero, I.G.; Fernández, J.L.M. Sustainable Land Use and Agricultural Soil. In Alternative Farming Systems, Biotechnology, Drought Stress and Ecological Fertilisation; Lichtfouse, E., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; pp. 107–192 ISBN 9789400701854.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromatography.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Human Poop Has Snuck Into Some Coca-Cola Cans (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Education Allowance Grants Made to Trust Territory Government Employees; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1969;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, Y.-F. The Effects of Two Methods on Training EFL University Students in Taiwan to Identify Three Non-Native Phonemic Contrasts. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M.S. Trump Appealed to Comey to Halt Inquiry Into Aide. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChromatography
AbbreviationChromatography (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9075

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