How to format your references using the Chromatography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromatography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Costandi, M. Neurodegeneration: Amyloid Awakenings. Nature 2013, 497, S19-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gutierrez, M.P.; Lee, L.P. Engineering. Multiscale Design and Integration of Sustainable Building Functions. Science 2013, 341, 247–248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khan, P.; Jain, H.; Adarsh, K.V. Role of Ge:As Ratio in Controlling the Light-Induced Response of a-Ge(x)As(35-x)Se65 Thin Films. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4029.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu, C.Y.; Liu, X.J.; Lu, J.; Zheng, G.P.; Liu, C.T. First-Principles Prediction and Experimental Verification of Glass-Forming Ability in Zr-Cu Binary Metallic Glasses. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, F. Developing Chemical Information Systems; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2006; ISBN 9780470068793.
An edited book
Turbulent Particle-Laden Gas Flows; Varaksin, A.Y., Ed.; Atomic, optical, and plasma physics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 41; ISBN 9783540680536.
A chapter in an edited book
Scott-Conner, C.E.H.; Chassin, J.L. Surgical Stapling: Principles and Precautions. In Chassin’s Operative Strategy in General Surgery: An Expositive Atlas; Scott-Conner, C.E.H., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2014; pp. 39–44 ISBN 9781461413929.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromatography.

Blog post
Davis, J. Ants Have Been Cultivating Plants In Fiji For Millions Of Years Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Information Technology: Management Improvements Needed on Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s Infrastructure Modernization Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grefe, S.E. Plasmonic and Topological Insulator Nanostructures and Metamaterials Nanoscale Near-Field Investigations: Experiment and Theory. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G. Death of a Red Carpet Reporter. New York Times 2016, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChromatography
AbbreviationChromatography (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9075

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