How to format your references using the Chromatography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromatography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. Beyond Rocket Science. Nature 2008, 453, 818–820.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kane, C.L.; Mele, E.J. Physics. A New Spin on the Insulating State. Science 2006, 314, 1692–1693.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roy, K.; Hunt, G.; Jablonski, D. Phylogenetic Conservatism of Extinctions in Marine Bivalves. Science 2009, 325, 733–737.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fiaux, J.; Bertelsen, E.B.; Horwich, A.L.; Wüthrich, K. NMR Analysis of a 900K GroEL GroES Complex. Nature 2002, 418, 207–211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jacquenet, C.; Bourdon, G.; Boucadair, M. Service Automation and Dynamic Provisioning Techniques in IP/MPLS Environments; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2008; ISBN 9780470035146.
An edited book
Small-Molecule Inhibitors of Protein-Protein Interactions; Vassilev, L., Fry, D., Eds.; Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 348; ISBN 9783642170829.
A chapter in an edited book
Ortner, H.; Ustaszewski, M.; Rittner, M. Late jurassic tectonics and sedimentation: breccias in the Unken syncline, central Northern Calcareous Alps. In Orogenic Processes in the Alpine Collision Zone; Froitzheim, N., Schmid, S.M., Eds.; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2009; pp. S55–S71 ISBN 9783764399511.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromatography.

Blog post
Taub, B. Just Be Yourself: Each Shark Has Its Own Personality Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Special Education: Children With Autism; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bobadilla, J. Helping At-Risk Youth through a Preventative Program. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. When Turning Away Customers Will Help the Bottom Line. New York Times 2015, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChromatography
AbbreviationChromatography (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9075

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