How to format your references using the Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Normile D. Lost at sea. Science 2014;344:963–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Yeeles JTP, Marians KJ. The Escherichia coli replisome is inherently DNA damage tolerant. Science 2011;334:235–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Takeuchi A, Kim B, Matsuoka S. The mitochondrial Na+-Ca2+ exchanger, NCLX, regulates automaticity of HL-1 cardiomyocytes. Sci Rep 2013;3:2766.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhang J, Kalkum M, Yamamura S, Chait BT, Roeder RG. E protein silencing by the leukemogenic AML1-ETO fusion protein. Science 2004;305:1286–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geotechni, Laackmann K, Balthaus H, Braach O, Friebel W-D, Hettler A, et al. Taschenbuch für den Tunnelbau 2015. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Diffenderfer PM. Microsoft Dynamics NAV: Jump Start to Optimization. 2nd revised edition. Wiesbaden: Vieweg+Teubner; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
le Blanc I, Schreurs R, Fleuren H, Krikke H. The value of information in a container collection system for end-of-life vehicles. In: Fleuren H, Hertog DD, Kort P, editors. Operations Research Proceedings 2004: Selected Papers of the Annual International Conference of the German Operations Research Society (GOR). Jointly Organized with the Netherlands Society for Operations Research (NGB) Tilburg, September 1–3, 2004, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. The Coolest New Animal Species Discovered In 2016. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Questions Concerning FAA’s Wide Area Augmentation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Caltrider CS. Critical Pedagogy Unit of Ceramics Instruction: Fostering Civic Engagement in California High School Students. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justices Block New Hearing for Mexican. New York Times 2008:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids
AbbreviationMol. Ther. Nucleic Acids
ISSN (print)2162-2531
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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