How to format your references using the Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dorn GW 2nd. Medicine. Refugee receptors switch sides. Science 2010;327:1586–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gold JI, Shadlen MN. Representation of a perceptual decision in developing oculomotor commands. Nature 2000;404:390–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huntington JA, Read RJ, Carrell RW. Structure of a serpin-protease complex shows inhibition by deformation. Nature 2000;407:923–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guccione E, Bassi C, Casadio F, Martinato F, Cesaroni M, Schuchlautz H, et al. Methylation of histone H3R2 by PRMT6 and H3K4 by an MLL complex are mutually exclusive. Nature 2007;449:933–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reeder L. Guide to Green Building Rating Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Chauvin R, Lepetit C, Silvi B, Alikhani E, editors. Applications of Topological Methods in Molecular Chemistry. vol. 22. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bolek R, Kümmerer K. Fate and Effects of Little Investigated Scents in the Aquatic Environment. In: Fatta-Kassinos D, Bester K, Kümmerer K, editors. Xenobiotics in the Urban Water Cycle: Mass Flows, Environmental Processes, Mitigation and Treatment Strategies, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010, p. 87–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids.

Blog post
Luntz S. Not Aliens, But “Megastructure Star” Keeps Getting Stranger. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Highway Funding by Program and Type of Roadway, With Related Safety Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ren H. Modification and Characterization of Ordered Mesoporous Carbons for Resorcinol Removal. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barker K, Schwirtz M, Foderaro LW. 2 Lives Collide in Fatal Night Inside Shelter. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids
AbbreviationMol. Ther. Nucleic Acids
ISSN (print)2162-2531
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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