How to format your references using the Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lovell-Badge R. The future for stem cell research. Nature 2001;414:88–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scanziani M, Häusser M. Electrophysiology in the age of light. Nature 2009;461:930–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roberts RB, Ser JR, Kocher TD. Sexual conflict resolved by invasion of a novel sex determiner in Lake Malawi cichlid fishes. Science 2009;326:998–1001.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Konacki M, Torres G, Jha S, Sasselov DD. An extrasolar planet that transits the disk of its parent star. Nature 2003;421:507–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malcolm D. The British and Irish Short Story Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Batanero C. Research on Teaching and Learning Probability. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Girolomoni G, Gisondi P, Pastore S. Dermatite atopica: eziopatogenesi. In: Gelmetti C, editor. La scuola dell’atopia, Milano: Springer; 2007, p. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids.

Blog post
Andrew E. Stunning Hubble Image Of The Birth Of A Star. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Strategic Bombers: B-2 Program Status and Current Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breska J. Mentoring for juvenile gang members and at-risk youth: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Seeing and Being Seen, Across Millenniums. New York Times 2013:WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids
AbbreviationMol. Ther. Nucleic Acids
ISSN (print)2162-2531
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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