How to format your references using the Hypertension Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hypertension Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNutt M. A new look. Science 2014; 344: 781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li J, Timko MP. Gene-for-gene resistance in Striga-cowpea associations. Science 2009; 325: 1094.
A journal article with 3 authors
Springel V, Frenk CS, White SDM. The large-scale structure of the Universe. Nature 2006; 440: 1137–1144.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Meléndez A, Tallóczy Z, Seaman M, Eskelinen E-L, Hall DH, Levine B. Autophagy genes are essential for dauer development and life-span extension in C. elegans. Science 2003; 301: 1387–1391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dauphiné A. Fractal Geography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Meško G, Dimitrijević D, Fields CB (eds). Understanding and Managing Threats to the Environment in South Eastern Europe. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Nalle SC, Turner JR. Endothelial and Epithelial Barriers in Graft-Versus-Host Disease. In Cheng CY (ed), Biology and Regulation of Blood-Tissue Barriers. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, 105–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hypertension Research.

Blog post
Taub B. Caffeine May Protect Older Women From Dementia. IFLScience. 2016. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Remon G. Not Here Not Now. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR. In the Classical Music World, Sept. 11 Anniversary Will Pass With Little Notice. New York Times. 2016; : C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHypertension Research
AbbreviationHypertens. Res.
ISSN (print)0916-9636
ISSN (online)1348-4214
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

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