How to format your references using the Hypertension Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hypertension Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kennedy S. Epidemiology. Why can’t we test our way to absolute food safety? Science 2008; 322: 1641–1643.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hsieh J, Schneider JW. Neuroscience. Neural stem cells, excited. Science 2013; 339: 1534–1535.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knigge C, Coe MJ, Podsiadlowski P. Two populations of X-ray pulsars produced by two types of supernova. Nature 2011; 479: 372–375.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Hurst WJ, Tarka SM Jr, Powis TG, Valdez F Jr, Hester TR. Cacao usage by the earliest Maya civilization. Nature 2002; 418: 289–290.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris J. The Utopian Globalists. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
An edited book
Khoshnevisan D. From Lévy-Type Processes to Parabolic SPDEs. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Bucksbaum PH. Ultrafast Quantum Control in Atoms and Molecules. In Thomson R, Leburn C, Reid D (eds), Ultrafast Nonlinear Optics. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing, 2013, 105–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hypertension Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Engaging The Public With Science Can Yield Unexpected Rewards. IFLScience. 2015. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army Aviation Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris R. Stone circles and sandplay therapy: The language of symbols. 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA. Using Your Cellphone Anywhere in the World. New York Times. 2005; : 56.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHypertension Research
AbbreviationHypertens. Res.
ISSN (print)0916-9636
ISSN (online)1348-4214
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

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