How to format your references using the Hypertension Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hypertension Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ziff RM. Mathematics. Getting the jump on explosive percolation. Science 2013; 339: 1159–1160.
A journal article with 2 authors
Forget AL, Kowalczykowski SC. Single-molecule imaging of DNA pairing by RecA reveals a three-dimensional homology search. Nature 2012; 482: 423–427.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palenzuela C, Lehner L, Liebling SL. Dual jets from binary black holes. Science 2010; 329: 927–930.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Purahong W, Schloter M, Pecyna MJ, Kapturska D, Däumlich V, Mital S, Buscot F, Hofrichter M, Gutknecht JLM, Krüger D. Uncoupling of microbial community structure and function in decomposing litter across beech forest ecosystems in Central Europe. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 7014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith RE, Carraher E, DeLisle P. Leading Collaborative Architectural Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gomez M, Nogales A, Garcia-Gutierrez MC, Ezquerra TA (eds). Applications of Synchrotron Light to Scattering and Diffraction in Materials and Life Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Schwartz DD, Axelrad ME. The Importance of Development: Early and Middle Childhood. In Axelrad ME (ed), Healthcare Partnerships for Pediatric Adherence: Promoting Collaborative Management for Pediatric Chronic Illness Care. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, 63–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hypertension Research.

Blog post
Andrews R. ‘All Of Science Is A Metaphor’: Deepak Chopra’s Curious Interview With IFLScience. IFLScience. 2017. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Still Needs To Clarify Policies for Performing Research and Development for Other Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cardillo-Geller L. Renegotiating relationships, patterns of grief and experiences of support: An examination of mothers’ relationships with their daughters following daughters’ loss of a husband in the September 11 th, 2001 World Trade Center attacks. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B, Almosawa S. Somali Migrants’ Trek Becomes Scene of Horror. New York Times. 2017; : A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHypertension Research
AbbreviationHypertens. Res.
ISSN (print)0916-9636
ISSN (online)1348-4214
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

Other styles