How to format your references using the Hypertension Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hypertension Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mooijaart S. Scientists and societies. Young genomicists get connected. Nature 2004; 429: 226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Libby E, Ratcliff WC. Evolution. Ratcheting the evolution of multicellularity. Science 2014; 346: 426–427.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reznick DN, Mateos M, Springer MS. Independent origins and rapid evolution of the placenta in the fish genus Poeciliopsis. Science 2002; 298: 1018–1020.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Venegas C, Kumar S, Franklin BS, Dierkes T, Brinkschulte R, Tejera D, Vieira-Saecker A, Schwartz S, Santarelli F, Kummer MP, Griep A, Gelpi E, Beilharz M, Riedel D, Golenbock DT, Geyer M, Walter J, Latz E, Heneka MT. Microglia-derived ASC specks cross-seed amyloid-β in Alzheimer’s disease. Nature 2017; 552: 355–361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson J, Gaare M, Holguín J, Bailey N, Pratley T. Professional Clojure. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Bonavina L (ed). Innovation in Esophageal Surgery. Milano: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Ford ES, Liu S. Insulin Resistance, Metabolic Syndrome, and Cardiovascular Disease. In Hansen BC, Bray GA (eds), The Metabolic Syndrome: Epidemiology Clinical Treatment and Underlying Mechanisms. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2008, 75–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hypertension Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why You Should Never Use Hand Sanitizer. IFLScience. 2015. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA’s Administrative Review of a Patent Infringement Claim. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rozas KN. Searching for Reel Consequences: A Content Analysis of Risk Behaviors, Gender and Character Consequences in PG-13 Movie Trailers. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Finnegan J. ‘You Don’t Call Me’. New York Times. 2017; : A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHypertension Research
AbbreviationHypertens. Res.
ISSN (print)0916-9636
ISSN (online)1348-4214
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

Other styles