How to format your references using the Journal of Affective Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Affective Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sincell, M., 2000. ROBOTICS: Rescue Droids Stumble in an Urban Jungle. Science 289, 846a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liang, B.A., Mackey, T., 2010. Health care policy. Reforming off-label promotion to enhance orphan disease treatment. Science 327, 273–274.
A journal article with 3 authors
González, E., Arbiol, J., Puntes, V.F., 2011. Carving at the nanoscale: sequential galvanic exchange and Kirkendall growth at room temperature. Science 334, 1377–1380.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Silliman, B.R., van de Koppel, J., Bertness, M.D., Stanton, L.E., Mendelssohn, I.A., 2005. Drought, snails, and large-scale die-off of southern U.S. salt marshes. Science 310, 1803–1806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, D.W., 2008. Color Atlas of Farm Animal Dermatology. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Fensel, D., 2011. Semantic Web Services. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Villena, J.F., Schilders, W.H.A., Miguel Silveira, L., 2009. Parametric Structure-Preserving Model Order Reduction, in: Hasler, P., Mooney, V., Reis, R. (Eds.), VLSI-SoC: Advanced Topics on Systems on a Chip: A Selection of Extended Versions of the Best Papers of the Fourteenth International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration of System on Chip (VLSI-SoC2007), October 15-17, 2007, Atlanta, USA, IFIP – The International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 1–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Affective Disorders.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Birds May Be Protecting Atlanta From West Nile Virus [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Financial Restatement Database (No. GAO-06-1053R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garishe, S.S., 2017. Protocol for file sharing in mobile ad hoc networks (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2017. A Creative Enclave That Welcomes the Eclectic. New York Times RE13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Karp, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Insel, 2010; Salamini, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liang and Mackey, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Affective Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Affect. Disord.
ISSN (print)0165-0327
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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