How to format your references using the Journal of Affective Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Affective Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lui, A.T.Y., 2009. Comment on “Tail reconnection triggering substorm onset.” Science 324, 1391.
A journal article with 2 authors
Castro, J.M., Dingwell, D.B., 2009. Rapid ascent of rhyolitic magma at Chaitén volcano, Chile. Nature 461, 780–783.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, L., Garbe, D.S., Bashaw, G.J., 2009. A frazzled/DCC-dependent transcriptional switch regulates midline axon guidance. Science 324, 944–947.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mao, J.-H., Perez-Losada, J., Wu, D., Delrosario, R., Tsunematsu, R., Nakayama, K.I., Brown, K., Bryson, S., Balmain, A., 2004. Fbxw7/Cdc4 is a p53-dependent, haploinsufficient tumour suppressor gene. Nature 432, 775–779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gros, D., Lannoo, K., 2004. The Euro Capital Market. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Friedman, M., Mottram, D. (Eds.), 2005. Chemistry and Safety of Acrylamide in Food, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
King, J.A., Chaney, E.E., 2011. Passing for Black in Seventeenth-Century Maryland, in: Beaudry, M.C., Symonds, J. (Eds.), Interpreting the Early Modern World: Transatlantic Perspectives, Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 87–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Affective Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Panda Fakes Pregnancy To Get More Food [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Surface Transportation: Financing Program Could Benefit from Increased Performance Focus and Better Communication (No. GAO-12-641). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bain Butler, D., 2010. How L2 legal writers use strategies for scholarly writing: A mixed methods study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., Barnard, A., 2016. In the Middle East, Another Conflict: What to Make of the Election of Trump. New York Times P3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lui, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Castro and Dingwell, 2009; Lui, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Castro and Dingwell, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Mao et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Affective Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Affect. Disord.
ISSN (print)0165-0327
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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