How to format your references using the Journal of Affective Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Affective Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leith, W., 2004. Geology. Building for earthquakes. Science 304, 1604.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghose, G.M., Maunsell, J.H.R., 2002. Attentional modulation in visual cortex depends on task timing. Nature 419, 616–620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yurtsever, A., van der Veen, R.M., Zewail, A.H., 2012. Subparticle ultrafast spectrum imaging in 4D electron microscopy. Science 335, 59–64.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, X., Pan, D., Bai, Y., Wang, D., Hao, Z., 2014. A new simple concept for ocean colour remote sensing using parallel polarisation radiance. Sci. Rep. 4, 3748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, X., Parini, C.G., Collins, B., Yao, Y., Ur Rehman, M., 2012. Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Aneva, B., Kouteva-Guentcheva, M. (Eds.), 2015. Nonlinear Mathematical Physics and Natural Hazards: Selected Papers from the International School and Workshop held in Sofia, Bulgaria, 28 November – 02 December, 2013, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Levin, B.W., Nosov, M.A., 2016. Role of the Compressibility of Water and of Nonlinear Effects in the Formation of Tsunami Waves, in: Nosov, M. (Ed.), Physics of Tsunamis, Institute of Applied Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 181–262.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Affective Disorders.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Can Environmentalists Learn To Love – Or Just Tolerate – Nuclear Power? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. ADP Modernization: Army Plans To Improve Budget Disclosure for Its Standard Depot System (No. IMTEC-88-30). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yudell, M., 2008. Making race: Biology and the evolution of the race concept in 20th century American thought (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Winerip, M., Schwirtz, M., Gebeloff, R., 2016. For Blacks Facing Parole, Signs of Broken System in New York. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leith, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ghose and Maunsell, 2002; Leith, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghose and Maunsell, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Affective Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Affect. Disord.
ISSN (print)0165-0327
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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