How to format your references using the Journal of Affective Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Affective Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2002. Grappling for grants. Nature 419, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morone, F., Makse, H.A., 2015. Influence maximization in complex networks through optimal percolation. Nature 524, 65–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yao, M.-C., Fuller, P., Xi, X., 2003. Programmed DNA deletion as an RNA-guided system of genome defense. Science 300, 1581–1584.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, C., Miloslavskaya, I., Demontis, S., Maestro, R., Galaktionov, K., 2004. Regulation of cellular response to oncogenic and oxidative stress by Seladin-1. Nature 432, 640–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chinesta, F., Cescotto, S., Cueto, E., Lorong, P., 2013. Natural Element Method for the Simulation of Structures and Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Agarwal, A., Gupta, S., Sharma, R. (Eds.), 2016. Andrological Evaluation of Male Infertility: A Laboratory Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Viscusi, G., Batini, C., Mecella, M., 2010. eGovernment Vision Elicitation, in: Batini, C., Mecella, M. (Eds.), Information Systems for EGovernment: A Quality-of-Service Perspective. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Affective Disorders.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Blue Galaxy Could Hold Clues To The Origin Of The Universe [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Geographic Information Systems: Information on Federal Use and Coordination (No. IMTEC-91-72FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rajendran, N., 2010. Assessment of upper extremity strength, power, and flexibility characteristics of college-aged male and female students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. For Men, Sport’s Stigma Dampens Appeal. New York Times SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Morone and Makse, 2015; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morone and Makse, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Affective Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Affect. Disord.
ISSN (print)0165-0327
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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