How to format your references using the Journal of Affective Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Affective Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, C., 2005. Flight of fancy. Nature 434, 827.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratnieks, F.L.W., Wenseleers, T., 2005. Evolution. Policing insect societies. Science 307, 54–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cicerone, R.J., Molina, M.J., Blake, D.R., 2012. Retrospective. F. Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012). Science 336, 170.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klaassen, M., Lindström A, A., Meltofte, H., Piersma, T., 2001. Ornithology. Arctic waders are not capital breeders. Nature 413, 794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming, D., 2010. Private Equity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Quarteroni, A. (Ed.), 2015. Modeling the Heart and the Circulatory System, MS&A. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Guo, Z., Lamb, S., 2010. Framework for Comparing China’s TVET System, in: Lamb, S. (Ed.), International Comparisons of China’s Technical and Vocational Education and Training System, Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Affective Disorders.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Eyeless Yeti Crabs Discovered Living on Antarctic Hydrothermal Vents [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Head Start: Undercover Testing Finds Fraud and Abuse at Selected Head Start Centers (No. GAO-10-733T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M.E., 2010. Where are the parents: The parent’s perspective of parental involvement in education (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Cespedes’s Bat Gives Mets a Much-Needed Lift. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ratnieks and Wenseleers, 2005; Robinson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ratnieks and Wenseleers, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Klaassen et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Affective Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Affect. Disord.
ISSN (print)0165-0327
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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