How to format your references using the Journal of Affective Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Affective Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingeras, T.R., 2009. Implications of chimaeric non-co-linear transcripts. Nature 461, 206–211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gelbart, W.M., Knobler, C.M., 2009. Virology. Pressurized viruses. Science 323, 1682–1683.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bino, A., Ardon, M., Shirman, E., 2005. Formation of a carbon-carbon triple bond by coupling reactions in aqueous solution. Science 308, 234–235.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shimura, H., Schlossmacher, M.G., Hattori, N., Frosch, M.P., Trockenbacher, A., Schneider, R., Mizuno, Y., Kosik, K.S., Selkoe, D.J., 2001. Ubiquitination of a new form of alpha-synuclein by parkin from human brain: implications for Parkinson’s disease. Science 293, 263–269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pietersen, W., 2010. Strategic Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carpinteri, A., Mai, Y.-W., Ritchie, R.O. (Eds.), 2006. Advances in Fracture Research: Honour and Plenary Lectures Presented at the 11th International Conference on Fracture (ICF11), Held in Turin, Italy, on March 20–25, 2005. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ashida, G., Wagner, H., Carr, C.E., 2010. Processing of Phase-Locked Spikes and Periodic Signals, in: Grün, S., Rotter, S. (Eds.), Analysis of Parallel Spike Trains. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Affective Disorders.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Here’s A Bunch Of Things That Are Scientifically Proven To Make You Happy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Depository Institution Regulators Are Making Progress, But Challenges Remain (No. T-AIMD-98-305). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, H.M., 2009. Valuation effects and external adjustment (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crawford, S., 2014. Back to the Digital Drawing Board. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingeras, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gelbart and Knobler, 2009; Gingeras, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gelbart and Knobler, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Shimura et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Affective Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Affect. Disord.
ISSN (print)0165-0327
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles