How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linder P (2004) Molecular biology. The life of RNA with proteins. Science 304:694–695.
A journal article with 2 authors
Derse D, and Heidecker G (2003) Virology. Forced entry--or does HTLV-I have the key? Science 299:1670–1671.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ilonidis S, Zhao J, and Kosovichev A (2011) Detection of emerging sunspot regions in the solar interior. Science 333:993–996.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rehling P, Model K, Brandner K, Kovermann P, Sickmann A, Meyer HE, Kühlbrandt W, Wagner R, Truscott KN, and Pfanner N (2003) Protein insertion into the mitochondrial inner membrane by a twin-pore translocase. Science 299:1747–1751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Church RL, and Murray AT (2008) Business Site Selection, Location Analysis and GIS, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schulz S (ed) (2005) The Chemistry of Pheromones and Other Semiochemicals II: -/-, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pestana EA, Belak S, Diallo A, Crowther JR, and Viljoen GJ (2010) New Trends in the Diagnosis and Molecular Epidemiology of Viral Diseases, in Early, rapid and sensitive veterinary molecular diagnostics - real time PCR applications (Belak S, Diallo A, Crowther JR, and Viljoen GJ eds) pp 47–71, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) El Niño Has Definitely Ended, But Climate Change Nightmares Are Here To Stay, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Denver International Airport: Baggage Handling, Contracting, and Other Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai H (2008) High Temperature Proton-Exchange and Fuel Processing Membranes for Fuel Cells and Other Applications, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2002) Is There a Little Bistro Inside All That Construction?

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Linder, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Derse and Heidecker, 2003; Linder, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Derse and Heidecker, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Rehling et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmacology
AbbreviationMol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0026-895X
ISSN (online)1521-0111
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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