How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McEwen BS (2013) Neuroscience. Hormones and the social brain. Science 339:279–280.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berkman MB, and Plutzer E (2011) Science education. Defeating creationism in the courtroom, but not in the classroom. Science 331:404–405.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dharmawardhana CC, Misra A, and Ching W-Y (2014) Quantum mechanical metric for internal cohesion in cement crystals. Sci Rep 4:7332.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Bouillard J-S, Segovia P, Dickson W, Wurtz GA, and Zayats AV (2014) Shaping plasmon beams via the controlled illumination of finite-size plasmonic crystals. Sci Rep 4:7234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goudon T (2016) Mathematics for Modeling and Scientific Computing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
O’Donnell FJ (2005) Design Performance (Duffy AHB ed), Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Maclennan D (2007) Recovery and Change: Glasgow’s Housing 1991–2001, in European Metropolitan Housing Markets (Andersson ÅE, Pettersson L, and Strömquist U eds) pp 121–143, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmacology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Can You Really Get High From Snorting Chocolate?, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) SSA’s Acceptance Testing of a Mass Storage System for Computerized Data Was Adequate, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris AE (2017) A quantitative study of the impact of CFO and auditor turnover on internal control weaknesses, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) One Direction Ties A Beatles Record.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McEwen, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Berkman and Plutzer, 2011; McEwen, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berkman and Plutzer, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Bouillard et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmacology
AbbreviationMol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0026-895X
ISSN (online)1521-0111
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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