How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patek SN (2014) Materials science. Biomimetics and evolution. Science 345:1448–1449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Z, and Zhao Y (2006) MATERIALS SCIENCE: High-Pressure Microscopy. Science 312:1149–1150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nisbet EG, Dlugokencky EJ, and Bousquet P (2014) Atmospheric science. Methane on the rise--again. Science 343:493–495.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Song X, Zhu C-H, Doan C, and Xie T (2002) Germline stem cells anchored by adherens junctions in the Drosophila ovary niches. Science 296:1855–1857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yin G (2011) Clinical Trial Design: Bayesian and Frequentist Adaptive Methods, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Barrett LW (2013) Untranslated Gene Regions and Other Non-coding Elements: Regulation of Eukaryotic Gene Expression (Fletcher S, and Wilton SD eds), Springer, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Poggio T (2010) Hierarchical Learning Machines and Neuroscience of Visual Cortex, in Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 20-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part I (Balcázar JL, Bonchi F, Gionis A, and Sebag M eds) pp 5–5, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmacology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Here’s Why Some People Don’t Like Music, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) District of Columbia Public Schools: Status of Fiscal Year 1998 Roof Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Anda B (2012) Factors that contribute to the stigma of mental illness, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2003) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Opposition Fails To Topple Premier.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patek, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wang and Zhao, 2006; Patek, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Zhao, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmacology
AbbreviationMol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0026-895X
ISSN (online)1521-0111
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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