How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bode M (2004) Physics. The environment matters--even on the atomic scale. Science 306:423–425.
A journal article with 2 authors
y Arcas BA, and Fairhall A (2001) Archaeology of type. Nature 411:997.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellwood MJ, Wille M, and Maher W (2010) Glacial silicic acid concentrations in the Southern Ocean. Science 330:1088–1091.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Tou WI, Chang S-S, Lee C-C, and Chen CY-C (2013) Drug design for neuropathic pain regulation from traditional Chinese medicine. Sci Rep 3:844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernandez-Maloigne C, Robert-Inacio F, and Macaire L (2012) Digital Color, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Hosseini S (2016) Novel Polymeric Biochips for Enhanced Detection of Infectious Diseases (Ibrahim F ed), Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Howard M (2011) You Don’t Have to Have All the Answers, in Scientific Literacy Under the Microscope: A Whole School Approach to Science Teaching and Learning (Loughran J, Smith K, and Berry A eds) pp 47–57, SensePublishers, Rotterdam.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmacology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Telescope Made From Water Allows Astronomers To Look Into The Extreme Energy Universe, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelton-Quinn A (2009) Increasing positive peer reporting and on -task behavior using a peer monitoring interdependent group contingency program with public posting, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) A Script, or Woods’s Road to Recovery?

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bode, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (y Arcas and Fairhall, 2001; Bode, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (y Arcas and Fairhall, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Tou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmacology
AbbreviationMol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0026-895X
ISSN (online)1521-0111
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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