How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott T (2014) Planetary science. Speed metal. Science 344:1086–1087.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khosla C, and Tang Y (2005) Chemistry. A new route to designer antibiotics. Science 308:367–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Borgia G, Coyle BJ, and Keagy J (2012) Comment on “Illusions promote mating success in great bowerbirds.” Science 337:292; author reply 292.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Dong X-P, Cheng X, Mills E, Delling M, Wang F, Kurz T, and Xu H (2008) The type IV mucolipidosis-associated protein TRPML1 is an endolysosomal iron release channel. Nature 455:992–996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Theodore L, and Kunz RG (2005) Nanotechnology: Environmental Implications and Solutions, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bronchud MH, Foote MA, Giaccone G, Olopade O, and Workman P (eds) (2008) Principles of Molecular Oncology, Third Edition, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Escadafal R, and Chehbouni AG (2008) Monitoring Arid Land Surfaces With Earth Observation Techniques: Examples Of Intense And Extensive Land Uses, in Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts (Qi J, and Evered KT eds) pp 59–72, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) This is What 200 Calories Worth Of Different Foods Looks Like, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) NASA’s FMFIA Assertions and CFO Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales GA (2015) Effects of communication and control latency on air traffic controller acceptance of unmanned aircraft operations, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B (2016) Where the Party Moves From Room to Room.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elliott, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Khosla and Tang, 2005; Elliott, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Khosla and Tang, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmacology
AbbreviationMol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0026-895X
ISSN (online)1521-0111
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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