How to format your references using the Journal of Orthopaedic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orthopaedic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Castro Neto AH. 2011. Physics. Another spin on graphene. Science 332(6027):315–316.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Conradt L, Roper TJ. 2003. Group decision-making in animals. Nature 421(6919):155–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bertet C, Sulak L, Lecuit T. 2004. Myosin-dependent junction remodelling controls planar cell intercalation and axis elongation. Nature 429(6992):667–671.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zhang Q, Chen J, Kuwajima K, et al. 2013. Nucleotide-induced conformational changes of tetradecameric GroEL mapped by H/D exchange monitored by FT-ICR mass spectrometry. Sci. Rep. 3:1247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Allan D, Bragg N. 2012. 802.1aq Shortest Path Bridging Design and Evolution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
1.
Pánek T, Hradecký J, editors. 2016. Landscapes and Landforms of the Czech Republic, 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XV, 422 p. 330 illus., 36 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yang T, Cong F, Chang Z, et al. 2016. Individual Independent Component Analysis on EEG: Event-Related Responses Vs. Difference Wave of Deviant and Standard Responses. In: Cheng L, Liu Q, Ronzhin A, editors. Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2016: 13th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2016, St. Petersburg, Russia, July 6-8, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing. p 30–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orthopaedic Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. 2015. Trial Suggests Medical Marijuana Could Offer Hope For Children With Severe Epilepsy. IFLScience [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/trial-suggests-medical-marijuana-could-offer-hope-children-severe-epilepsy/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Guaranty Agency Solvency: Can the Government Recover HEAF’s First-Year Liquidation Cost of $212 Million? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Loden MR. 2010. The rhetorical elephant in the room: How three political action committees are strategically [re]defining the U.S. Republican Party.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Silver-Greenberg J, Protess B. 2016. Gun Control Groups Find a Wealthy Ally in Big Law. New York Times :BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orthopaedic Research
AbbreviationJ. Orthop. Res.
ISSN (print)0736-0266
ISSN (online)1554-527X
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles