How to format your references using the Molecular Pain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hails RS. Assessing the risks associated with new agricultural practices. Nature. 2002;418:685–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hartung T, Rovida C. Chemical regulators have overreached. Nature. 2009;460:1080–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dong J, Yang G, McHaourab HS. Structural basis of energy transduction in the transport cycle of MsbA. Science. 2005;308:1023–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Alsayed AM, Islam MF, Zhang J, Collings PJ, Yodh AG. Premelting at defects within bulk colloidal crystals. Science. 2005;309:1207–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Belfiore LA. Physical Properties of Macromolecules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Badouel E. Petri Net Synthesis. 1st ed. 2015. Bernardinello L, Darondeau P, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gillibert P, Wehrung F. Getting Larders from Congruence Lattices of First-Order Structures. In: Wehrung F, editor. From Objects to Diagrams for Ranges of Functors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 81–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pain.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Diesel Fumes And Your Health: VW Cover-Up Shows We Need To Test Local Cars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/diesel-fumes-and-your-health-vw-cover-shows-we-need-test-local-cars/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Development Schedule Should Be Changed to Reduce Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 May. Report No.: NSIAD-00-74.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Moreno S. Mother-child relationships: Females behind bars and their children [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Kielbasa Kingdom. New York Times. 2010 Dec 5;NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pain
AbbreviationMol. Pain
ISSN (online)1744-8069
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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