How to format your references using the Molecular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Braun J (2008) The food crisis isn’t over Nature 456, 701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun Z-W, and Allis CD (2002) Ubiquitination of histone H2B regulates H3 methylation and gene silencing in yeast Nature 418, 104–108.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaganovich D, Kopito R, and Frydman J (2008) Misfolded proteins partition between two distinct quality control compartments Nature 454, 1088–1095.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Palmer MA, Bernhardt ES, Schlesinger WH, Eshleman KN, Foufoula-Georgiou E, Hendryx MS, … Wilcock PR (2010) Science and regulation. Mountaintop mining consequences Science 327, 148–149.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang Z-G (2016) Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Sangiovanni-Vincentelli A, Zeng H, Di Natale M, and Marwedel P (Eds.) (2014) Embedded Systems Development: From Functional Models to Implementations (Vol. 20). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bera S, Biswas A, and Bhattacharya BB (2014) A Fast Digital-Geometric Approach for Granulometric Image Analysis In G. P. Biswas and S. Mukhopadhyay (Eds.), Recent Advances in Information Technology: RAIT-2014 Proceedings (pp. 37–47). New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015, June 11) Study Suggests Newborns Delivered By C-Section Have a Higher risk of Developing Chronic Health Problems. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Deactivating Research Vessels: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Use of Private Ships (No. RCED-86-133). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh H (2013) A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Simon L (2007, September 4) In the Blink of an Eye, a Vision of Disaster New York Times, p. F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Braun, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Sun and Allis, 2002; von Braun, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and Allis, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Palmer et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Oncology
AbbreviationMol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1574-7891
ISSN (online)1878-0261
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine
General Medicine

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