How to format your references using the Molecular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Cracking the combination. Nature. 2003;423(6938):463.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holland G, Ballentine CJ. Seawater subduction controls the heavy noble gas composition of the mantle. Nature. 2006;441(7090):186–191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugiyama T, Suzuki H, Takahashi T. Light-induced rapid Ca2+ response and MAPK phosphorylation in the cells heterologously expressing human OPN5. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5352.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Krimigis SM, Decker RB, Hill ME, Armstrong TP, Gloeckler G, Hamilton DC, et al. Voyager 1 exited the solar wind at a distance of approximately 85 Au from the Sun. Nature. 2003;426(6962):45–48.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arendt JS, Lorenzo DK. Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jain LC, Aidman EV, Abeynayake C (eds.). Innovations in Defence Support Systems -2: Socio-Technical Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou H, Gui L, Yu Q, Shen X. Conclusion and Future Research Directions. In: Gui L, Yu Q, Shen X (sherman), editors. Cooperative Vehicular Communications in the Drive-thru Internet. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing. p. 71–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Oncology.

Blog post
Hale T. These New Super-Realistic Moving Dinosaur Models Are Terrifying. IFLScience. 2016. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia: Chronology of Events Related to the Metropolitan Police Use of $15 Million Appropriation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman TF. A descriptive review of the development and implementation of a funding model for the Kentucky Community and Technical College System: The first 10 years, 1998–2008. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey M, Walsh MW. For Detroit, a Crisis Born of Bad Decisions and Crossed Fingers. New York Times. 2013;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Oncology
AbbreviationMol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1574-7891
ISSN (online)1878-0261
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine
General Medicine

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