How to format your references using the Molecular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Khalil AM (2009) Journal club. A geneticist views two theories of X-chromosome inactivation in a broad context Nature 458, 263.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park CY, and Dolmetsch R (2006) Cell signaling. The double life of a transcription factor takes it outside the nucleus Science 314, 64–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irigoien X, Huisman J, and Harris RP (2004) Global biodiversity patterns of marine phytoplankton and zooplankton Nature 429, 863–867.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee D, Kim D, Kim J, and Moon J (2014) Characterizing nano-scale electrocatalysis during partial oxidation of methane Sci Rep 4, 3937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horrocks G (2010) Greek. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ślęzak D, Yao J, Peters JF, Ziarko W, and Hu X (Eds.) (2005) Rough Sets, Fuzzy Sets, Data Mining, and Granular Computing: 10th International Conference, RSFDGrC 2005, Regina, Canada, August 31 - September 3, 2005, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 3642). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Di Piazza MC, and Vitale G (2013) Parameter Identification for Photovoltaic Source Models In G. Vitale (Ed.), Photovoltaic Sources: Modeling and Emulation (pp. 83–129). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Oncology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015, July 28) No, The EM Drive Will Not Lead To Warp Travel Any Time Soon. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Strategic Forces: Supportability, Maintainability, and Readiness of the B-1B Bomber (No. NSIAD-87-177BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown HP (2003) The Pragmatics of Direct Address in the Iliad: A Study in Linguistic Politeness (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas R, and Mueller B (2015, September 16) Defiant Pledge Fought Back in Fatal Hazing, Report Says New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Khalil, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Khalil, 2009; Park and Dolmetsch, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park and Dolmetsch, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Oncology
AbbreviationMol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1574-7891
ISSN (online)1878-0261
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine
General Medicine

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