How to format your references using the Molecular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Micoli K (2005) Scientists and societies. Postdoc problems--postdoc solutions Nature 434, 1050.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang H-Y, and Zhang Y-Q (2014) Processing and characterisation of a novel electropolymerized silk fibroin hydrogel membrane Sci Rep 4, 6182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Queitsch C, Sangster TA, and Lindquist S (2002) Hsp90 as a capacitor of phenotypic variation Nature 417, 618–624.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Marshall NM, Garner DK, Wilson TD, Gao Y-G, Robinson H, Nilges MJ, and Lu Y (2009) Rationally tuning the reduction potential of a single cupredoxin beyond the natural range Nature 462, 113–116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinn JF (2013) Dementia. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Baruah S (2015) Multiprocessor Scheduling for Real-Time Systems (M. Bertogna and G. Buttazzo, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Phan MB, and Breton R (2009) Inequalities and Patterns of Social Attachments in Quebec and the Rest of Canada In R. Breton, K. K. Dion, K. L. Dion, M. B. Phan, and R. Banerjee (Eds.), Multiculturalism and Social Cohesion: Potentials and Challenges of Diversity (pp. 89–121). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Oncology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016, June 6) Airbus Plane Sunk Off Turkish Coast To Become Artificial Reef. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Social Security Administration: Update on Year 2000 and Other Key Information Technology Initiatives (No. T-AIMD-99-259). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Contartesi RA (2010) School climate: A correlational analysis of superintendent leadership communication and employee performance (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A (2014, January 9) A Play Is Set in a Hospital, in Two Ways New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Micoli, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Micoli, 2005; Wang and Zhang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Zhang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Marshall et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Oncology
AbbreviationMol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1574-7891
ISSN (online)1878-0261
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine
General Medicine

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