How to format your references using the Molecular Neurodegeneration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Neurodegeneration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lancaster N. Planetary science. Linear dunes on Titan. Science. 2006;312:702–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Deckert R, Dameris M. Atmospheric science. From ocean to stratosphere. Science. 2008;322:53–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cacciuto A, Auer S, Frenkel D. Onset of heterogeneous crystal nucleation in colloidal suspensions. Nature. 2004;428:404–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Verbiscer A, French R, Showalter M, Helfenstein P. Enceladus: cosmic graffiti artist caught in the act. Science. 2007;315:815.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Li H-X, Lu X. System Design and Control Integration for Advanced Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Benatallah B, Casati F, Kappel G, Rossi G, editors. Web Engineering: 10th International Conference, ICWE 2010, Vienna Austria, July 5-9, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Guo W, Labrosse G, Narayanan R. Unsteady 1D Heat Conduction Problems. In: Labrosse G, Narayanan R, editors. The Application of the Chebyshev-Spectral Method in Transport Phenomena. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 61–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Neurodegeneration.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Our Oceans Give New Insights On Elements Made In Supernovae [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Education Should Provide Additional Guidance to Help States Smoothly Transition Children to Preschool. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Dec. Report No.: GAO-06-26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ray RT. Utilization of a Clinical Reminder System to Increase the Incidence of HIV Screening in a Primary Care Clinic [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Against All Odds, Mets Overcome a Season of Adversity and Clinch a Playoff Berth. New York Times. 2016 Oct 2;SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Neurodegeneration
AbbreviationMol. Neurodegener.
ISSN (online)1750-1326
ScopeMolecular Biology
Clinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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