How to format your references using the Molecular Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K (2002) Working your way into industry. Nature 419:5
A journal article with 2 authors
Gubin MM, Schreiber RD (2015) CANCER. The odds of immunotherapy success. Science 350:158–159
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhong Y, Zhang L, Su D (2000) Collaborations tailored for bioinformatics projects. Science 290:2074a
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hirowatari Y, Yoshida H, Kurosawa H, et al (2014) Automated measurement method for the determination of vitamin E in plasma lipoprotein classes. Sci Rep 4:4086

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leroy L (2016) Eyestrain Reduction in Stereoscopy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Porter M (2016) Dynamical Systems on Networks: A Tutorial. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Sall M, Chandran N, Terzidou A, et al (2015) TEM Characterization of a Complex Twinning System in 3C–SiC. In: Polychroniadis EK, Oral AY, Ozer M (eds) 2nd International Multidisciplinary Microscopy and Microanalysis Congress: Proceedings of InterM, October 16-19, 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 25–29

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Neurobiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Young Star Theory Forged From A Near Miss With A Giant Black Hole. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Federal Research: Lessons Learned from the Pilot Technology Access Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
MacKinder M (2010) Max the Knife, Salesman. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chaban MAV (2014) Gefilte Fish Is Scarce This Passover. Taste Buds Are Ambivalent. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Neurobiology
AbbreviationMol. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0893-7648
ISSN (online)1559-1182
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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