How to format your references using the Molecular Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gumbsch P (2003) Materials science. Modeling strain hardening the hard way. Science 301:1857–1858
A journal article with 2 authors
Pessa HKJ, Frilander MJ (2011) Genetics. Minor splicing, disrupted. Science 332:184–185
A journal article with 3 authors
Nahm H-H, Park CH, Kim Y-S (2014) Bistability of hydrogen in ZnO: origin of doping limit and persistent photoconductivity. Sci Rep 4:4124
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bianco A, Poukkula M, Cliffe A, et al (2007) Two distinct modes of guidance signalling during collective migration of border cells. Nature 448:362–365

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayoun BA (2015) Mindfulness-integrated CBT for Well-being and Personal Growth. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Stahlbock R, Crone SF, Lessmann S (2010) Data Mining: Special Issue in Annals of Information Systems, 1st ed. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Dordas C (2015) Nutrient Management Perspectives in Conservation Agriculture. In: Farooq M, Siddique KHM (eds) Conservation Agriculture. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 79–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Neurobiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Geographic Tongue: The Mysterious Condition That Makes Maps In Your Mouth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) GAO Update on the Number of Prekindergarten Care and Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miranda PJ (2015) Tightly-coupled sulfur-cycling microbial mats of the White Point hydrothermal vent field, CA: An analog for deep-sea vents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hayes S by T (2017) The Way It Is. New York Times MM15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Neurobiology
AbbreviationMol. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0893-7648
ISSN (online)1559-1182
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles