How to format your references using the Molecular Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore DD (2011) Physiology. Crise de foie, redux? Science 331:1275–1276
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapira P, Wang J (2010) Follow the money. Nature 468:627–628
A journal article with 3 authors
Richardson DS, Komdeur J, Burke T (2003) Avian behaviour: Altruism and infidelity among warblers. Nature 422:580
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Harrington J, Luszcz S, Seager S, et al (2007) The hottest planet. Nature 447:691–693

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paris JL, Paris JL (2008) CliffsNotes® Praxis II®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sako K (2016) Topics in Cryptology - CT-RSA 2016: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2016, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 29 - March 4, 2016, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Wang L, Hu Y, Qiu D (2011) The Study of Applying Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model to the Term Life Insurance. In: Wu D (ed) Quantitative Financial Risk Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Neurobiology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Mystery of Superluminous Supernova Solved. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Getting the New Communities Program Started: Progress and Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Friedman DE (2017) Characterization of Organic Matter in Suspended Sediments Via Pyrolysis and Oxidation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Another Exclusive Yields No. 1 Album. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Neurobiology
AbbreviationMol. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0893-7648
ISSN (online)1559-1182
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles