How to format your references using the Current Translational Geriatrics and Gerontology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Translational Geriatrics and Gerontology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Binzel RP. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Asteroids Come of Age. Science. 2000;289:2065–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Smaglik P, Smith A. A route to flexible working. Nature. 2002;415:4–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Koskinen TT, Aylward AD, Miller S. A stability limit for the atmospheres of giant extrasolar planets. Nature. 2007;450:845–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Björkman T, Kurasch S, Lehtinen O, Kotakoski J, Yazyev OV, Srivastava A, et al. Defects in bilayer silica and graphene: common trends in diverse hexagonal two-dimensional systems. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fleckenstein P, Tranum-Jensen J, Myschetzky PS. Anatomy in Diagnostic Imaging. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Fürnkranz J, Scheffer T, Spiliopoulou M, editors. Machine Learning: ECML 2006: 17th European Conference on Machine Learning Berlin, Germany, September 18-22, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kikuzawa K, Lechowicz MJ. Phylogenetic Variation in Leaf Longevity. In: Lechowicz MJ, editor. Ecology of Leaf Longevity. Tokyo: Springer; 2011. p. 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Translational Geriatrics and Gerontology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. $500 Billion Scheme By Maverick Scientists Could Save The Arctic [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. President’s Eighth Special Message for Fiscal Year 1981. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 May. Report No.: OGC-81-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Payan Venegas R. Factors associated with the lack of a regular health care provider for Latinos: Consequences and reasons [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Built Upon A Link Worth Noting. New York Times. 2010 May 6;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Translational Geriatrics and Gerontology Reports
ISSN (online)2162-4941

Other styles