How to format your references using the Central European Journal of Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central European Journal of Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson RI (2007) Eppendorf 2007 winner. Neural circuits underlying chemical perception. Science 318:584–585
A journal article with 2 authors
Gardner KH, Correa F (2012) Plant science. How plants see the invisible. Science 335:1451–1452
A journal article with 3 authors
Petsch ST, Eglington TI, Edwards KJ (2001) 14C-dead living biomass: evidence for microbial assimilation of ancient organic carbon during shale weathering. Science 292:1127–1131
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Collins FS, Green ED, Guttmacher AE, et al (2003) A vision for the future of genomics research. Nature 422:835–847

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manasreh O (2011) Introduction to Nanomaterials and Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dignum F, Brom C, Hindriks K, et al (eds) (2013) Cognitive Agents for Virtual Environments: First International Workshop, CAVE 2012, Held at AAMAS 2012, Valencia, Spain, June 4, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Budisantoso T, Bhati A, Bradshaw A, Tang CM (2016) Hedonic Shopping Motivation: Does It Really Matter? In: Mandal P, Vong J (eds) Development of Tourism and the Hospitality Industry in Southeast Asia. Springer, Singapore, pp 51–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central European Journal of Operations Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Over 70 Percent Of Japan’s Largest Coral Reef Is Dead After Bleaching. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Modernization Investment Management Approach Could Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spratley AM (2010) Connecting Law and Creativity: The Role of Lawyers in Supporting Creative and Innovative Economic Development. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (1998) The Joy of a “Girl Racer” and a Wish for More. New York Times 810

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson 2007; Gardner and Correa 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gardner and Correa 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Collins et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral European Journal of Operations Research
AbbreviationCent. Eur. J. Oper. Res.
ISSN (print)1435-246X
ISSN (online)1613-9178
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

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