How to format your references using the Central European Journal of Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central European Journal of Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grosjean M (2001) Mid-Holocene climate in the south-central Andes: humid or dry? Science 292:2391
A journal article with 2 authors
Adler SL, Bassi A (2009) Physics. Is quantum theory exact? Science 325:275–276
A journal article with 3 authors
Stassun KG, Mathieu RD, Valenti JA (2006) Discovery of two young brown dwarfs in an eclipsing binary system. Nature 440:311–314
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Homma K, Yoshimura M, Saito J, et al (2001) The core of the motor domain determines the direction of myosin movement. Nature 412:831–834

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel W (2014) GAAP for Governments 2014. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
An edited book
Alonso ME, Arrondo E, Mallavibarrena R, Sols I (eds) (2010) Liaison, Schottky Problem and Invariant Theory: Remembering Federico Gaeta. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Marinč M, Vlahu R (2012) General Issues on the Structure of Banking Industry. In: Vlahu R (ed) The Economics of Bank Bankruptcy Law. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central European Journal of Operations Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Why Do You Feel Like You’re Falling When You Go To Sleep? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Vehicle Data Privacy: Industry and Federal Efforts Under Way but NHTSA Needs to Define Its Role. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendoza-Williams J (2015) Road to success: The experiences of academically successful graduation-bound African American males. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2000) In Siberia, the World Moves In With Lenin’s Legacy. New York Times E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grosjean 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Grosjean 2001; Adler and Bassi 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adler and Bassi 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Homma et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral European Journal of Operations Research
AbbreviationCent. Eur. J. Oper. Res.
ISSN (print)1435-246X
ISSN (online)1613-9178
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

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