How to format your references using the Central European Journal of Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central European Journal of Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cepko C (2010) Neuroscience. Seeing the light of day. Science 329:403–404
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt KK, Vorburger SA (2002) Tech.Sight. Gene therapy. Hurdles and hopes for cancer treatment. Science 297:415–416
A journal article with 3 authors
Danielewicz P, Lacey R, Lynch WG (2002) Determination of the equation of state of dense matter. Science 298:1592–1596
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Poggio T, Rifkin R, Mukherjee S, Niyogi P (2004) General conditions for predictivity in learning theory. Nature 428:419–422

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kupka HJ (2010) Transitions in Molecular Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Ghatak KP (2009) Photoemission from Optoelectronic Materials and their Nanostructures. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Bertossi L, Gardezi J (2014) Tractable vs. Intractable Cases of Query Answering under Matching Dependencies. In: Straccia U, Calì A (eds) Scalable Uncertainty Management: 8th International Conference, SUM 2014, Oxford, UK, September 15-17, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 51–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central European Journal of Operations Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Discovery That Kangaroos Fart Too Suggests They Play A Role In Methane Production. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Electronic Health Information: HHS Needs to Strengthen Security and Privacy Guidance and Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter IM (2015) The discourse of the divine: Radical traditions of Black feminism, musicking, and myth within the Black public sphere (Civil Rights to the present). Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Coffee, Two Eggs Over Easy And a Sketch of a Landmark. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cepko 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt and Vorburger 2002; Cepko 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt and Vorburger 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Poggio et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral European Journal of Operations Research
AbbreviationCent. Eur. J. Oper. Res.
ISSN (print)1435-246X
ISSN (online)1613-9178
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

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