How to format your references using the Central European Journal of Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central European Journal of Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollinger JJ (2011) Metrology: filtering noise with a quantum probe. Nature 473:39–40
A journal article with 2 authors
Siliciano JD, Siliciano RF (2014) AIDS/HIV. Rekindled HIV infection. Science 345:1005–1006
A journal article with 3 authors
Pier H, Kapon E, Moser M (2000) Strain effects and phase transitions in photonic resonator crystals. Nature 407:880–883
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shirt-Ediss B, Ruiz-Mirazo K, Mavelli F, Solé RV (2014) Modelling lipid competition dynamics in heterogeneous protocell populations. Sci Rep 4:5675

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenberger WR (2005) Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Alam N, Rizvi SAR (eds) (2016) Islamic Capital Markets: Volatility, Performance and Stability. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Chawla N, Chawla KK (2013) Interface. In: Chawla KK (ed) Metal Matrix Composites. Springer, New York, NY, pp 99–119

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central European Journal of Operations Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Huge “Asteroid” Set To Fly Past Earth Today Is Actually A Dead Comet - And It Looks Just Like A Skull! In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Aircraft Development: The Advanced Tactical Fighter’s Costs, Schedule, and Performance Goals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts JE (2010) Process evaluation of the Instant Word Notebook. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Backup Catcher’s Unlikely Three-Run Blast Helps Nationals Even Series. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bollinger 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bollinger 2011; Siliciano and Siliciano 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siliciano and Siliciano 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shirt-Ediss et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral European Journal of Operations Research
AbbreviationCent. Eur. J. Oper. Res.
ISSN (print)1435-246X
ISSN (online)1613-9178
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

Other styles