How to format your references using the Central European Journal of Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central European Journal of Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghahramani Z (2000) Computational neuroscience. Building blocks of movement. Nature 407:682–683
A journal article with 2 authors
Fu Y-X, Storb U (2002) Immunology. Autoreactive B cells migrate into T cell territory. Science 297:2006–2008
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaller T, Goujon C, Malim MH (2012) AIDS/HIV. HIV interplay with SAMHD1. Science 335:1313–1314
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sang Y, Wang B, Wang Q, et al (2014) Insights into the electrocatalysis of nitrobenzene using chemically-modified carbon nanotube electrodes. Sci Rep 4:6321

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maude D (2006) Global Private Banking and Wealth Management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Grossmann G, Zardini C (eds) (2011) The ELFNET Book on Failure Mechanisms, Testing Methods, and Quality Issues of Lead-Free Solder Interconnects. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Ahlbrecht T, Dix J, Schlesinger F (2015) From Testing Agent Systems to a Scalable Simulation Platform. In: Eiter T, Strass H, Truszczyński M, Woltran S (eds) Advances in Knowledge Representation, Logic Programming, and Abstract Argumentation: Essays Dedicated to Gerhard Brewka on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central European Journal of Operations Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) The Mysterious CERN Detection Might Be More Than One Particle. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Federal Research: SEMATECH’s Technological Progress and Proposed R&D Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luce GR (2015) British viola repertoire of the first half of the twentieth century. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) What Would a Modern Sophocles Do? Perhaps He Would Pucker Up. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ghahramani 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Ghahramani 2000; Fu and Storb 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fu and Storb 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral European Journal of Operations Research
AbbreviationCent. Eur. J. Oper. Res.
ISSN (print)1435-246X
ISSN (online)1613-9178
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

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