How to format your references using the Journal of Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCann, K. (2007) Protecting biostructure. Nature, 446 (7131): 29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Istvan, E.S. & Deisenhofer, J. (2001) Structural mechanism for statin inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292 (5519): 1160–1164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tatar, M., Bartke, A. & Antebi, A. (2003) The endocrine regulation of aging by insulin-like signals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299 (5611): 1346–1351.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhuang, H., Zhang, L., Fuchs, R., Staedler, T. & Jiang, X. (2013) When epitaxy meets plasma: a path to ordered nanosheets arrays. Scientific reports, 3: 2427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nova, R. (2013) Soil Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Axford, J.S. ed. (2005) Glycobiology and Medicine: Proceedings of the 7th Jenner Glycobiology and Medicine Symposium. Springer US: Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Combemale, B., Gonnord, L. & Rusu, V. (2011) A Generic Tool for Tracing Executions Back to a DSML’s Operational Semantics. In: R. B. France, J. M. Kuester, B. Bordbar, & R. F. Paige eds. Modelling Foundations and Applications: 7th European Conference, ECMFA 2011, Birmingham, UK, June 6 - 9, 2011 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, pp.35–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Simulation.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017) NASA’s Mission To Metal Asteroid Psyche Will Now Arrive Four Years Earlier [Internet]., accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Technology Transfer: Federal Efforts to Enhance the Competitiveness of Small Manufacturers. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prakash, A. (2010) Empire on the Seine: Surveillance, Citizenship, and North African Migrants in Paris (1925–1975). Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University: New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2007) Falafel, Panini Style. New York Times: NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCann, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (McCann, 2007; Istvan & Deisenhofer, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Istvan & Deisenhofer, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhuang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Simul.
ISSN (print)1747-7778
ISSN (online)1747-7786
Modelling and Simulation

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