How to format your references using the Journal of Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nichols, D. (2011) Legal highs: the dark side of medicinal chemistry. Nature, 469 (7328): 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haussecker, D. & Kay, M.A. (2015) RNA interference. Drugging RNAi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347 (6226): 1069–1070.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kageyama, A., Miyagoshi, T. & Sato, T. (2008) Formation of current coils in geodynamo simulations. Nature, 454 (7208): 1106–1109.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Detavernier, C., Ozcan, A.S., Jordan-Sweet, J., Stach, E.A., Tersoff, J., Ross, F.M. & Lavoie, C. (2003) An off-normal fibre-like texture in thin films on single-crystal substrates. Nature, 426 (6967): 641–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castle, D., Cline, C., Daar, A.S., Tsamis, C. & Singer, P.A. (2006) Science, Society, and the Supermarket. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hager, C. & Stefes, C.H. eds. (2016) Germany’s Energy Transition: A Comparative Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan US: New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Medrano, G., Beckmann, L., Zimmermann, N., Grundmann, T., Gries, T. & Leonhardt, S. (2007) Bioimpedance Spectroscopy with textile Electrodes for a continuous Monitoring Application. In: Steffen Leonhardt, T. Falck, & P. Mähönen eds. 4th International Workshop on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks (BSN 2007): March 26 – 28, 2007 RWTH Aachen University, Germany. IFMBE Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, pp.23–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Simulation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) What Is A Neutron Star? [Internet]., accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Federal Short Takeoff and Landing Transport Programs: Status and Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, G. (2008) Off the track: The full-time nontenure -track faculty experience in English. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University: Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Mallozzi, V.M. (2017) For Their Wedding, the Moon Dimmed the Lights. New York Times: ST13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nichols, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Nichols, 2011; Haussecker & Kay, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haussecker & Kay, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Detavernier et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Simul.
ISSN (print)1747-7778
ISSN (online)1747-7786
Modelling and Simulation

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