How to format your references using the Journal of Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, J.M. (2015) Catalysis: Tens of thousands of atoms replaced by one. Nature, 525 (7569): 325–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinhardt, P.J. & Turok, N. (2006) Why the cosmological constant is small and positive. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312 (5777): 1180–1183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagemaker, M., Kentgens, A.P.M. & Mulder, F.M. (2002) Equilibrium lithium transport between nanocrystalline phases in intercalated TiO(2) anatase. Nature, 418 (6896): 397–399.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xie, W.-Z., Yan, C., Ying, X.-Y., Zhu, S.-Y., Shi, H.-S., Wang, Y., Cheung, E.F.C. & Chan, R.C.K. (2014) Domain-specific hedonic deficits towards social affective but not monetary incentives in social anhedonia. Scientific reports, 4: 4056.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, B.G. (2013) Wealth Exposed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Luo, Y. ed. (2015) Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering: 12th International Conference, CDVE 2015, Mallorca, Spain, September 20-23, 2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Holden, H., Øksendal, B., Ubøe, J. & Zhang, T. (2010) Stochastic Partial Differential Equations Driven by Lévy Processes. In: B. Øksendal, J. Ubøe, & T. Zhang eds. Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: A Modeling, White Noise Functional Approach. Springer: New York, NY, pp.213–256.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Simulation.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016) Meet Savannasaurus, Australia’s Newest Titanosaur [Internet]., accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Highway Safety: Foresight Issues Challenge DOT’s Efforts to Assess and Respond to New Technology-Based Trends. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cisewski, J. (2012) Generalized fiducial inference for mixed linear models. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina: Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sheehan, N. (2017) David and Goliath in Vietnam. New York Times: SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Thomas, 2015; Steinhardt & Turok, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinhardt & Turok, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Simul.
ISSN (print)1747-7778
ISSN (online)1747-7786
Modelling and Simulation

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