How to format your references using the Journal of Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Musacchio, A. (2010) Molecular biology. Surfing chromosomes (and Survivin). Science (New York, N.Y.), 330 (6001): 183–184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhong, S. & He, S. (2013) Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials. Scientific reports, 3: 2083.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Xu, B. & Zhou, H.-J. (2014) Social cycling and conditional responses in the Rock-Paper-Scissors game. Scientific reports, 4: 5830.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsai, W.L., Hsu, P.C., Hwu, Y., Chen, C.H., Chang, L.W., Je, J.H., Lin, H.M., Groso, A. & Margaritondo, G. (2002) Electrochemistry: building on bubbles in metal electrodeposition. Nature, 417 (6885): 139.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Otto, M. (2016) Chemometrics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Saaksvuori, A. (2005) Product Lifecycle Management. Second Edition. A. Immonen ed. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Straumann, R.K. & Purves, R.S. (2007) Resolution Sensitivity of a Compound Terrain Derivative as Computed from LiDAR-Based Elevation Data. In: S. I. Fabrikant & M. Wachowicz eds. The European Information Society: Leading the Way with Geo-information. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, pp.87–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Simulation.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016) Watch A Gold Bar Get Crushed By A Hydraulic Press [Internet]., accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Information Technology: HUD’s Expenditure Plan Satisfies Statutory Conditions, and Implementation of Management Controls Is Under Way. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shenasi, S.Y. (2015) The Roots of Music Therapy: Healing the Wounds of the Psyche. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013) For Some Players, Tax Ensures a Loss Even After a Win. New York Times: B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Musacchio, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Musacchio, 2010; Zhong & He, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhong & He, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsai et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Simul.
ISSN (print)1747-7778
ISSN (online)1747-7786
Modelling and Simulation

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