How to format your references using the Journal of Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2003) The data busters. Nature, 421 (6926): 970–973.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carmeliet, P. & Jain, R.K. (2000) Angiogenesis in cancer and other diseases. Nature, 407 (6801): 249–257.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andreae, M.O., Jones, C.D. & Cox, P.M. (2005) Strong present-day aerosol cooling implies a hot future. Nature, 435 (7046): 1187–1190.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hüttelmaier, S., Zenklusen, D., Lederer, M., Dictenberg, J., Lorenz, M., Meng, X., Bassell, G.J., Condeelis, J. & Singer, R.H. (2005) Spatial regulation of beta-actin translation by Src-dependent phosphorylation of ZBP1. Nature, 438 (7067): 512–515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cuddy-Keane, M., Hammond, A. & Peat, A. (2014) Modernism: Keywords. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Burton, R.M., Eriksen, B., Håkonsson, D.D., Knudsen, T. & Snow, C.C. eds. (2008) Designing Organizations: 21st Century Approaches. Springer US: Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Nikolenko, S. (2015) SVD-LDA: Topic Modeling for Full-Text Recommender Systems. In: O. Pichardo Lagunas, O. Herrera Alcántara, & G. Arroyo Figueroa eds. Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Its Applications: 14th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2015, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, October 25-31, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing: Cham, pp.67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Simulation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) What Blind Beetles Can Teach Us About Evolution [Internet]., accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Information Technology Management: Governmentwide Strategic Planning, Performance Measurement, and Investment Management Can Be Further Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banerjee, S. (2013) A mathematical model for the transition in firing patterns across puberty of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuron. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University: Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D. & Martin, J. (2017) Trump Welcomes West Virginia Governor to G.O.P. New York Times: A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Powell, 2003; Carmeliet & Jain, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carmeliet & Jain, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hüttelmaier et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Simul.
ISSN (print)1747-7778
ISSN (online)1747-7786
Modelling and Simulation

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