How to format your references using the Journal of Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Melosh, H.J. (2002) Asteroids. Traces of an unusual impact. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296 (5570): 1037–1038.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwander, T. & Keller, L. (2008) Genetic compatibility affects queen and worker caste determination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322 (5901): 552.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prytkova, T.R., Kurnikov, I.V. & Beratan, D.N. (2007) Coupling coherence distinguishes structure sensitivity in protein electron transfer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315 (5812): 622–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fomin, Y.D., Ryzhov, V.N., Tsiok, E.N., Brazhkin, V.V. & Trachenko, K. (2014) Dynamic transition in supercritical iron. Scientific reports, 4: 7194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor, C.J., Young, P.C. & Chotai, A. (2013) True Digital Control. John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kryszkiewicz, M., Cornelis, C., Ciucci, D., Medina-Moreno, J., Motoda, H. & Raś, Z.W. eds. (2014) Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems Paradigms: Second International Conference, RSEISP 2014, Held as Part of JRS 2014, Granada and Madrid, Spain, July 9-13, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwartz, P.H. (2007) Decision and Discovery in Defining ‘Disease’. In: H. Kincaid & J. McKitrick eds. Establishing Medical Reality: Essays In The Metaphysics And Epistemology Of Biomedical Science. Philosophy and Medicine. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, pp.47–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Simulation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016) Mars One Delays Manned Mission To The Red Planet Again, This Time By Five Years [Internet]., accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Financial Management: Briefing on the Federal Aviation Administration’s Inventory Accountability. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boos, A.L. (2015) The post-abortion experience: A content analysis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017) Lost in Paris. New York Times: C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Melosh, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Melosh, 2002; Schwander & Keller, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwander & Keller, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Fomin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Simul.
ISSN (print)1747-7778
ISSN (online)1747-7786
Modelling and Simulation

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