How to format your references using the Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sardar, Z. (2007). Beyond the troubled relationship. Nature 448, 131–133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wookey, J., and Helffrich, G. (2008). Inner-core shear-wave anisotropy and texture from an observation of PKJKP waves. Nature 454, 873–876.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deitsch, K. W., Calderwood, M. S., and Wellems, T. E. (2001). Malaria. Cooperative silencing elements in var genes. Nature 412, 875–876.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tarduno, J., Bunge, H.-P., Sleep, N., and Hansen, U. (2009). The bent Hawaiian-Emperor hotspot track: inheriting the mantle wind. Science 324, 50–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu, S. (2011). Statistical Approach to Wall Turbulence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Malhotra, R. K. ed. (2015). Sleepy or Sleepless: Clinical Approach to the Sleep Patient. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Akondi, K. B., and Lakshmi, V. V. (2014). “Challenges and Prospects in Exploring Marine Microbial Diversity,” in Environment and Sustainable Development, eds. M. H. Fulekar, B. Pathak, and R. K. Kale (New Delhi: Springer India), 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). Ultimate Superbug Reaches USA. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Updated Status of Department of Education’s Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, D. (2015). Resistance, reluctance, and revelation: Examining faculty perceptions of online learning options at a Faith-Based university.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C. (2016). The Best Religion? A Believer Answers. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sardar, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Sardar, 2007; Wookey and Helffrich, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wookey and Helffrich, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Tarduno et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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