How to format your references using the Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider, M. D. (2011). Development. A cardiac nonproliferation treaty. Science 332, 426–427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finkel, T., and Holbrook, N. J. (2000). Oxidants, oxidative stress and the biology of ageing. Nature 408, 239–247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fenton, L. K., Geissler, P. E., and Haberle, R. M. (2007). Global warming and climate forcing by recent albedo changes on Mars. Nature 446, 646–649.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gehrels, N., Macomb, D. J., Bertsch, D. L., Thompson, D. J., and Hartman, R. C. (2000). Discovery of a new population of high-energy gamma-ray sources in the Milky Way. Nature 404, 363–365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rees, H. (2011). Supply Chain Management in the Drug Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
He, R. (2014). Robust Recognition via Information Theoretic Learning. , eds. B. Hu, X. Yuan, and L. Wang Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruce, N., Kim, T.-Y., and Lee, H. J. (2012). “Data Link Layer’ Security Analysis for Wireless Sensor Networks,” in Computer Applications for Communication, Networking, and Digital Contents: International Conferences, FGCN and DCA 2012, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2012, Gangneug, Korea, December 16-19, 2012. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. T.-H. Kim, D.-S. Ko, T. Vasilakos, A. Stoica, and J. Abawajy (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). Ancient Asteroid Impacts Yield Evidence For The Nature Of The Early Earth. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Surface Transportation: Issues Associated With Pipeline Regulation by the Surface Transportation Board. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Satam, G. C. (2010). The mechanical engineering approach for three dimensional modeling procedure and measurements of the heart anatomy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner, T. (2017). A World Series Twist: First Loves Become the Enemy. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneider, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Finkel and Holbrook, 2000; Schneider, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finkel and Holbrook, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gehrels et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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