How to format your references using the Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lastoskie, C. (2010). Chemistry. Caging carbon dioxide. Science 330, 595–596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoekstra, H. E., and Price, T. (2004). Evolution. Parallel evolution is in the genes. Science 303, 1779–1781.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, C. D., Johnson, D. S., and Sidow, A. (2007). Functional architecture and evolution of transcriptional elements that drive gene coexpression. Science 317, 1557–1560.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mota, L. J., Journet, L., Sorg, I., Agrain, C., and Cornelis, G. R. (2005). Bacterial injectisomes: needle length does matter. Science 307, 1278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Chevalier, F., Lesselier, D., and Staraj, R. (2011). Non-standard Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Joost, H.-G. ed. (2012). Appetite Control. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wakelam, V., Cuppen, H. M., and Herbst, E. (2013). “Astrochemistry: Synthesis and Modelling,” in Astrochemistry and Astrobiology, eds. I. W. M. Smith, C. S. Cockell, and S. Leach (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 115–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). The Riddle Behind Zebra Stripes. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Information Technology: Federal Laws, Regulations, and Mandatory Standards to Securing Private Sector Information Technology Systems and Data in Critical Infrastructure Sectors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McElhoes, J. L. (2017). Spatial, Technological, and Functional Variability Among the Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southern California Coast.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016). Dodgers Prevail in a Pitchers’ Duel That Wasn’t. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lastoskie, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hoekstra and Price, 2004; Lastoskie, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoekstra and Price, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mota et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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