How to format your references using the Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hakim, A. M. (2014). Perspective: silent, but preventable, perils. Nature 510, S12.
A journal article with 2 authors
Evans, E. A., and Calderwood, D. A. (2007). Forces and bond dynamics in cell adhesion. Science 316, 1148–1153.
A journal article with 3 authors
Childers, S. E., Ciufo, S., and Lovley, D. R. (2002). Geobacter metallireducens accesses insoluble Fe(III) oxide by chemotaxis. Nature 416, 767–769.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
She, Q., Peng, X., Zillig, W., and Garrett, R. A. (2001). Gene capture in archaeal chromosomes. Nature 409, 478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghez, R. (2005). A Primer of Diffusion Problems. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Conti, M., Schunter, M., and Askoxylakis, I. eds. (2015). Trust and Trustworthy Computing: 8th International Conference, TRUST 2015, Heraklion, Greece, August 24-26, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ishimori, H., Kobayashi, T., Ohki, H., Okada, H., Shimizu, Y., and Tanimoto, M. (2012). “Δ(3N 2),” in An Introduction to Non-Abelian Discrete Symmetries for Particle Physicists Lecture Notes in Physics., eds. T. Kobayashi, H. Ohki, H. Okada, Y. Shimizu, and M. Tanimoto (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 87–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Chemistry Life Hacks. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). National Airspace System: Airport-Centric Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez, G. (2017). Creating Integrated, Inquiry Science Lessons Based on Early Childhood Science Activities.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016). Head of Columbia Records Promoted to Lead Sony Music. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hakim, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Evans and Calderwood, 2007; Hakim, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Evans and Calderwood, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (She et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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