How to format your references using the Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weaver, J. F. (2013). Chemistry. Entropies of adsorbed molecules exceed expectations. Science 339, 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teh, O.-K., and Moore, I. (2007). An ARF-GEF acting at the Golgi and in selective endocytosis in polarized plant cells. Nature 448, 493–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Monteggia, L. M., Malenka, R. C., and Deisseroth, K. (2014). Depression: the best way forward. Nature 515, 200–201.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dale, G. L., Friese, P., Batar, P., Hamilton, S. F., Reed, G. L., Jackson, K. W., et al. (2002). Stimulated platelets use serotonin to enhance their retention of procoagulant proteins on the cell surface. Nature 415, 175–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarkar, T. K., Salazar-Palma, M., and Mokole, E. L. (2007). Physics of Multiantenna Systems and Broadband Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Campolongo, P., and Fattore, L. eds. (2015). Cannabinoid Modulation of Emotion, Memory, and Motivation. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rapp, R., Kämpfer, B., Andronic, A., Blaschke, D., Fuchs, C., Harada, M., et al. (2011). “In-Medium Excitations,” in The CBM Physics Book: Compressed Baryonic Matter in Laboratory Experiments Lecture Notes in Physics., eds. B. Friman, C. Höhne, J. Knoll, S. Leupold, J. Randrup, R. Rapp, et al. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 335–529.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). Chemical Found In Deep Space Hints At How Life Formed. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Payments for Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, E. B. (2017). Environmental Thyroid Endocrine Disruption in Shiner Perch (Cymatogaster aggregata): An Analysis of Thyroid Glandular Function.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Review: ‘Carrie Pilby,’ Saved by Bel Powley, Superhero. New York Times, C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weaver, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Teh and Moore, 2007; Weaver, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teh and Moore, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Dale et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Renal and Epithelial Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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