How to format your references using the Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bartels-Rausch T (2013) Chemistry: Ten things we need to know about ice and snow. Nature 494:27–29
A journal article with 2 authors
Rawlins D, Pickering K (2001) Ancient chronology. Astronomical orientation of the pyramids. Nature 412:699–700
A journal article with 3 authors
Seidenberg MS, MacDonald MC, Saffran JR (2002) Neuroscience. Does grammar start where statistics stop? Science 298:553–554
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mäder P, Fliessbach A, Dubois D, et al (2002) Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farming. Science 296:1694–1697

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caban S, Mehlführer C, Rupp M, Wrulich M (2011) Evaluation of HSDPA and LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Maz’ya VG (2010) Boundary Integral Equations on Contours with Peaks. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang W, Zhao H, Jin Z, Mei H (2011) Towards a More Fundamental Explanation of Constraints in Feature Models: A Requirement-Oriented Approach. In: Schmid K (ed) Top Productivity through Software Reuse: 12th International Conference on Software Reuse, ICSR 2011, Pohang, South Korea, June 13-17, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 36–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Debate Over Cecil The Lion Should Be About Conservation, Not Hunting. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) ADP Modernization: Health Care Financing Administration’s Software Redesign Contract. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner M (2008) Enamel -dentine junction morphology of extant hominoid and fossil hominin lower molars. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Mets Come Out Swinging Like Contenders. New York Times SP2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bartels-Rausch 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Rawlins and Pickering 2001; Bartels-Rausch 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rawlins and Pickering 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mäder et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing
AbbreviationJ. Ambient Intell. Humaniz. Comput.
ISSN (print)1868-5137
ISSN (online)1868-5145

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