How to format your references using the Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coyne JA (2005) Evolution. Ernst Mayr (1904-2005). Science 307:1212–1213
A journal article with 2 authors
Murry CE, Lee RT (2009) Development biology. Turnover after the fallout. Science 324:47–48
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye F, Burns MJ, Naughton MJ (2014) Structured metal thin film as an asymmetric color filter: the forward and reverse plasmonic halos. Sci Rep 4:7267
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang J, Liu X, Blume R, et al (2008) Surface-modified carbon nanotubes catalyze oxidative dehydrogenation of n-butane. Science 322:73–77

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins BR (2009) Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Biehl PF (2013) Heritage in the Context of Globalization: Europe and the Americas. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Pettit P (2014) Three Issues in Social Ontology. In: Zahle J, Collin F (eds) Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate: Essays in the Philosophy of Social Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Arctic Sea Ice Could Disappear By 2045. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Highway and Transit Investments: Flexible Funding Supports State and Local Transportation Priorities and Multimodal Planning. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Black DD (2014) Franz Liszt’s “Via Crucis”: A summation of the composer’s styles and beliefs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2016) That Padres Pitcher, She’s Got a Mean Screwball. New York Times AR118

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coyne 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Coyne 2005; Murry and Lee 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murry and Lee 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing
AbbreviationJ. Ambient Intell. Humaniz. Comput.
ISSN (print)1868-5137
ISSN (online)1868-5145

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