How to format your references using the Molecular Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Centre stage in Missouri, Nature. 431 (2004) 720–721.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Joanicot, A. Ajdari, Applied physics. Droplet control for microfluidics, Science. 309 (2005) 887–888.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Araki, Y. Sasaki, J. Milbrandt, Increased nuclear NAD biosynthesis and SIRT1 activation prevent axonal degeneration, Science. 305 (2004) 1010–1013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. Gandin, A. Miluzio, A.M. Barbieri, A. Beugnet, H. Kiyokawa, P.C. Marchisio, S. Biffo, Eukaryotic initiation factor 6 is rate-limiting in translation, growth and transformation, Nature. 455 (2008) 684–688.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Leroy, Eyestrain Reduction in Stereoscopy, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
V.A. Sadovnichiy, M.Z. Zgurovsky, eds., Continuous and Distributed Systems II: Theory and Applications, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Kotzé, P. Purgathofer, Designing Design Exercises — From Theory to Creativity and Real-world Use, in: P. Kotzé, W. Wong, J. Jorge, A. Dix, P.A. Silva (Eds.), Creativity and HCI: From Experience to Design in Education, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 42–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Data Science.

Blog post
D. Andrew, After Fatality, Autonomous Car Development May Speed Up, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Amtrak: Early Progress Made in Implementing Strategic and Business Plan, but Obstacles Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Dallara, The “femme-homme” of the French Revolution: Gender boundaries and masculinization, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, A Manager Who Exceeded His Own Expectations, New York Times. (2010) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Data Science
ISSN (print)2590-0633

Other styles