How to format your references using the Journal of Indian College of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian College of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami G. Why we need space travel. Nature. 2009;460(7253):325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raddick MJ, Szalay AS. SPORE series winner. The universe online. Science. 2010;329(5995):1028-1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gao F, Ding Z, Meng S. Three-dimensional metal-intercalated covalent organic frameworks for near-ambient energy storage. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1882.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sipilä M, Berndt T, Petäjä T, et al. The role of sulfuric acid in atmospheric nucleation. Science. 2010;327(5970):1243-1246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari S. Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Ricci F, Bontcheva K, Conlan O, Lawless S, eds. User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization: 23rd International Conference, UMAP 2015, Dublin, Ireland, June 29 -- July 3, 2015. Proceedings. Vol 9146. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Riga P, Kouroupetroglou G, Ioannidou PP. An Evaluation Methodology of Math-to-Speech in Non-English DAISY Digital Talking Books. In: Miesenberger K, Bühler C, Penaz P, eds. Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 15th International Conference, ICCHP 2016, Linz, Austria, July 13-15, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2016:27-34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian College of Cardiology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. The History Of Planet Detection In One 60 Second GIF. IFLScience. Published February 12, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hester ET. Impact of Geomorphic Structures on Hyporheic Exchange, Temperature, and Ecological Processes in Streams. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Ties to Miami and to Cuba Run Deep in Marlins Bidder. New York Times. July 21, 2017:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian College of Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Coll. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1561-8811

Other styles