How to format your references using the Molecular Cancer Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cancer Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kellermann KI. Obituary: Grote Reber (1911-2002). Nature. 2003;421:596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maser RS, DePinho RA. Connecting chromosomes, crisis, and cancer. Science. 2002;297:565–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayes D, Griffin GB, Engel GS. Engineering coherence among excited states in synthetic heterodimer systems. Science. 2013;340:1431–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu N, Huo K, McDowell MT, Zhao J, Cui Y. Rice husks as a sustainable source of nanostructured silicon for high performance Li-ion battery anodes. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1919.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta J. Modeling and Simulation of Catalytic Reactors for Petroleum Refining. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Oris M, Roberts C, Joye D, Ernst Stähli M, editors. Surveying Human Vulnerabilities across the Life Course. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Marreiros G, Santos R, Ramos C. GLSS – Group Learning in Shared Spaces Considering Aspects Like Emotion and Personality. In: Augusto JC, Corchado JM, Novais P, Analide C, editors. Ambient Intelligence and Future Trends-International Symposium on Ambient Intelligence (ISAmI 2010). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. page 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cancer Therapeutics.

Blog post
Luntz S. Hydrothermal Activity Discovered On Enceladus [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA Should Avoid Duplication in Procuring a Traffic Management System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Dec. Report No.: IMTEC-88-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gage JD. An inconsistency-based approach for sensing assessment in unknown environments [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Beleaguered Russian Orchestra Tours U.S. New York Times. 2006;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
AbbreviationMol. Cancer Ther.
ISSN (print)1535-7163
ISSN (online)1538-8514
ScopeCancer Research

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