How to format your references using the Molecular Cancer Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cancer Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liljas A. Biochemistry. Getting close to termination. Science. 2008;322:863–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burton DR, Weiss RA. AIDS/HIV. A boost for HIV vaccine design. Science. 2010;329:770–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green SA, Simoes-Costa M, Bronner ME. Evolution of vertebrates as viewed from the crest. Nature. 2015;520:474–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen XJ, Wang X, Kaufman BA, Butow RA. Aconitase couples metabolic regulation to mitochondrial DNA maintenance. Science. 2005;307:714–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rimai DS. Patent Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Streitz N, Kameas A, Mavrommati I, editors. The Disappearing Computer: Interaction Design, System Infrastructures and Applications for Smart Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun L, Mkwawa I-H, Jammeh E, Ifeachor E. Media Transport for VoIP. In: Mkwawa I-H, Jammeh E, Ifeachor E, editors. Guide to Voice and Video over IP: For Fixed and Mobile Networks. London: Springer; 2013. page 73–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cancer Therapeutics.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Fossil Fuel Emissions Have Stalled: Global Carbon Budget 2016 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Should Provide the Congress with More Information on the Pioneer Venus Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Nov. Report No.: PSAD-77-65.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayberry DS. Total Relaxation Center, LLC [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. Soho Rep to Return. New York Times. 2017;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
AbbreviationMol. Cancer Ther.
ISSN (print)1535-7163
ISSN (online)1538-8514
ScopeCancer Research

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