How to format your references using the Molecular Cancer Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cancer Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D. Malaria research tools up for the future. Nature. 2002;419:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith MM, Johanson Z. Separate evolutionary origins of teeth from evidence in fossil jawed vertebrates. Science. 2003;299:1235–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park ST, Kim SK, Kim MS. Observation of conformation-specific pathways in the photodissociation of 1-iodopropane ions. Nature. 2002;415:306–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang N, Dong S, Fu Z, Yan Z, Chang F, Liu J. Phase transition and phase separation in multiferroic orthorhombic Dy(1-x)Ho(x)MnO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1). Sci Rep. 2014;4:6506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadati N, Dumont GA, Hamed KA, Gruver WA. Hybrid Control and Motion Planning of Dynamical Legged Locomotion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Lu Y, Essex M, Roberts B, editors. Emerging Infections in Asia. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Havlena M, Heller J, Kayser H, Bach J-H, Anemüller J, Pajdla T. Incongruence Detection in Audio-Visual Processing. In: Weinshall D, Anemüller J, Gool L van, editors. Detection and Identification of Rare Audiovisual Cues. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. page 67–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cancer Therapeutics.

Blog post
Davis J. How Will Warming Air Temperatures Impact Antarctica’s Ice Shelves? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Coordination Efforts Could Be Further Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jun. Report No.: GAO-12-647.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres N. Do family nurse practitioner students understand the physiological changes associated with andropause in men over forty? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Greenhouse; Karen, Gary Gately contributed reporting for this article. Supreme Court Roundup; BURDEN OF PROOF NOW ON PARENTS IN SCHOOL CASES. New York Times. 2005;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
AbbreviationMol. Cancer Ther.
ISSN (print)1535-7163
ISSN (online)1538-8514
ScopeCancer Research

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