How to format your references using the International Journal of Fatigue citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Fatigue. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kristan WB. Neuroscience. A push-me pull-you neural design. Science 2007;315:339–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nakar E, Piran T. Detectable radio flares following gravitational waves from mergers of binary neutron stars. Nature 2011;478:82–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Martens JA, Laprade L, Winston F. Intergenic transcription is required to repress the Saccharomyces cerevisiae SER3 gene. Nature 2004;429:571–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Webster MA, Kaping D, Mizokami Y, Duhamel P. Adaptation to natural facial categories. Nature 2004;428:557–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Massotte P, Corsi P. Smart Decisions in Complex Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Safari A, Akdoğan EK, editors. Piezoelectric and Acoustic Materials for Transducer Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Beishuizen NA, Roekaerts D. Reynolds Stress and PDF Modeling of Two-Way Coupling and Vaporisation Interaction in a Turbulent Spray Flame. In: Merci B, Roekaerts D, Sadiki A, editors. Experiments and Numerical Simulations of Diluted Spray Turbulent Combustion: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Turbulent Spray Combustion, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011, p. 133–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Fatigue.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Why You Should Never Feed Bread To Ducks. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Motor Carriers: Establishing System for Self-Reporting Equipment Problems Appears Feasible, but Safety Benefits Questionable and Costs Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Payan Venegas R. Factors associated with the lack of a regular health care provider for Latinos: Consequences and reasons. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hollander S. Jersey City Show Features a Twist. New York Times 2002:89.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Fatigue
AbbreviationInt. J. Fatigue
ISSN (print)0142-1123
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles