How to format your references using the International Journal of Fatigue citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Fatigue. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macilwain C. Congress wakes up to climate change. Nature 2000;405:385.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Di Franco C, Paternostro M. A no-go result on the purification of quantum states. Sci Rep 2013;3:1387.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Langer P, Hogendoorn K, Keller L. Tug-of-war over reproduction in a social bee. Nature 2004;428:844–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hadjur S, Williams LM, Ryan NK, Cobb BS, Sexton T, Fraser P, et al. Cohesins form chromosomal cis-interactions at the developmentally regulated IFNG locus. Nature 2009;460:410–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hu JC. Asset Securitization. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Kloeden PE, Pötzsche C, editors. Nonautonomous Dynamical Systems in the Life Sciences. vol. 2102. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Klenerman P, Barnes E. Immune Responses Against the Hepatitis C Virus and the Outcome of Therapy. In: Jirillo E, editor. Hepatitis C Virus Disease: Immunobiology and Clinical Applications, New York, NY: Springer; 2008, p. 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Fatigue.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Woman Has Baby Using Ovary Frozen When She Was A Child. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/woman-has-baby-using-frozen-ovary-when-she-was-child/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Loans: Patterns in Tuition, Enrollment, and Federal Stafford Loan Borrowing Up to the 2007-08 Loan Limit Increase. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Fink DC. An Exposure Assessment of Paper Dust in a Coupon Manufacturing Facility. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Erlanger S, Bennhold K, Castle S. Britain’s Rebuke Of Its Leadership Upends E.U. Exit. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Fatigue
AbbreviationInt. J. Fatigue
ISSN (print)0142-1123
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation

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