How to format your references using the International Journal of Fatigue citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Fatigue. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Jackson SC. Climate change. Parallel pursuit of near-term and long-term climate mitigation. Science 2009;326:526–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
del Giorgio PA, Duarte CM. Respiration in the open ocean. Nature 2002;420:379–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kulmala M, Pirjola L, Makela JM. Stable sulphate clusters as a source of new atmospheric particles. Nature 2000;404:66–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bahram M, Hildebrand F, Forslund SK, Anderson JL, Soudzilovskaia NA, Bodegom PM, et al. Structure and function of the global topsoil microbiome. Nature 2018;560:233–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Denison E, Ren GY. Luke Him Sau Architect. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Ulusay R, editor. The ISRM Suggested Methods for Rock Characterization, Testing and Monitoring: 2007-2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jones CW, Penzkover D, Pollard R, Kuhlmann RS. First-Trimester Embryology: An Overview. In: Abramowicz JS, editor. First-Trimester Ultrasound: A Comprehensive Guide, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Fatigue.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. New Zealand Company Makes Beer For Cars. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/new-zealand-company-makes-beer-cars/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Reclaim for Mileage and Relocation Expenses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Vincent PS. The State of Chaos. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wilson M. Sentencing Will Provide Coda for Television Producer’s Real Crime Drama. New York Times 2017:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Fatigue
AbbreviationInt. J. Fatigue
ISSN (print)0142-1123
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles