How to format your references using the American Journal of Surgical Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Surgical Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wang K. Geophysics. Finding fault in fault zones. Science 2010;329:152–153.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stöhr K, Esveld M. Public health. Will vaccines be available for the next influenza pandemic? Science 2004;306:2195–2196.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Thammavongsa V, Missiakas DM, Schneewind O. Staphylococcus aureus degrades neutrophil extracellular traps to promote immune cell death. Science 2013;342:863–866.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Maya Vetencourt JF, Sale A, Viegi A, et al. The antidepressant fluoxetine restores plasticity in the adult visual cortex. Science 2008;320:385–388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gee S. Fraud and Fraud Detection. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Kim T-H, Adeli H, Grosky WI, et al., eds. Multimedia, Computer Graphics and Broadcasting: International Conference, MulGraB 2011, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cox A, Sankaranarayanan S, Chang B-YE. A Bit Too Precise? Bounded Verification of Quantized Digital Filters. In: Flanagan C, König B, eds. Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 18th International Conference, TACAS 2012, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2012, Tallinn, Estonia, March 24 – April 1, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Surgical Pathology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Five Amazing Ultrasound Inventions Set To Change The World (And Not A Pregnancy Scan In Sight). IFLScience 2017. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/five-amazing-ultrasound-inventions-set-to-change-the-world-and-not-a-pregnancy-scan-in-sight/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Status of Efforts to Determine Commercial Potential. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Markarian LA. Strengths, challenges, and quality of life of ALS caregivers. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodara S. Exploring the Continuity of the Radical. New York Times. June 29, 2014:WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Surgical Pathology
AbbreviationAm. J. Surg. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0147-5185
ISSN (online)1532-0979
ScopeAnatomy
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Surgery

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