How to format your references using the American Journal of Surgical Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Surgical Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Woods CG. Neuroscience. Crossing the midline. Science 2004;304:1455–1456.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Johansson LC, Norberg UM. Asymmetric toes aid underwater swimming. Nature 2000;407:582–583.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schuck C, Pernice WHP, Tang HX. Waveguide integrated low noise NbTiN nanowire single-photon detectors with milli-Hz dark count rate. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:1893.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Rabone J, Yue Y-F, Chong SY, et al. An adaptable peptide-based porous material. Science 2010;329:1053–1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bonald T, Feuillet M. Network Performance Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Stanley KO. Why Greatness Cannot Be Planned: The Myth of the Objective. (Lehman J, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Strasburger H, Rentschler I. Pattern Recognition in Direct and Indirect View. In: Osaka N, Rentschler I, Biederman I, eds. Object Recognition, Attention, and Action. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2007:41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Surgical Pathology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Hundreds Of Cats Are Quarantined Following Bird Flu Outbreak In NYC. IFLScience 2017. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/hundreds-of-cats-are-quarantined-following-bird-flu-outbreak-in-nyc-/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Need To Strengthen Management Control Over the Basic Research Program Administered by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Myers RE. Moderating the effectiveness of messages to promote physical activity in type 2 diabetes. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. House Bill on Puerto Rico Debt Near Completion. New York Times. April 9, 2016:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Surgical Pathology
AbbreviationAm. J. Surg. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0147-5185
ISSN (online)1532-0979
ScopeAnatomy
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Surgery

Other styles