How to format your references using the Molecular Cancer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cancer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pielke R Jr. Gather data to reveal true extent of doping in sport. Nature. 2015;517:529.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Scully R, Livingston DM. In search of the tumour-suppressor functions of BRCA1 and BRCA2. Nature. 2000;408:429–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mason N, Biercuk MJ, Marcus CM. Local gate control of a carbon nanotube double quantum dot. Science. 2004;303:655–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ferguson NM, Keeling MJ, Edmunds WJ, Gani R, Grenfell BT, Anderson RM, et al. Planning for smallpox outbreaks. Nature. 2003;425:681–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shover L. Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Butler MG, Lee PDK, Whitman BY, editors. Management of Prader-Willi Syndrome. Third Edition. New York, NY: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bushek D, Allen DM. Motile Suspension-Feeders in Estuarine and Marine Ecosystems. In: Dame RF, Olenin S, editors. The Comparative Roles of Suspension-Feeders in Ecosystems: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on The Comparative Roles of Suspension-Feeders in Ecosystems Nida, Lithuania 4–9 October 2003. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. page 53–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cancer Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Thousands Of Darwin’s Hand-Written Manuscripts Made Available Online. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation and the Environment: Impact of Aviation Noise on Communities Presents Challenges for Airport Operations and Future Growth of the National Airspace System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Oct. Report No.: GAO-08-216T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Day KC. CPA Perceptions of Human Skills for Professional Competency Development Needs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
St. John Kelly E. NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: MARINE PARK -- UPDATE ; Mariners Are Still Riding High. New York Times. 1997;1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cancer Research
AbbreviationMol. Cancer Res.
ISSN (print)1541-7786
ISSN (online)1557-3125
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology
Oncology

Other styles