How to format your references using the Molecular Cancer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cancer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eiler JM. Geology. On the origins of granites. Science. 2007;315:951–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ito T, Simons M. Probing asthenospheric density, temperature, and elastic moduli below the western United States. Science. 2011;332:947–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bryden HL, Longworth HR, Cunningham SA. Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25 degrees N. Nature. 2005;438:655–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hynninen T, Cabailh G, Foster AS, Barth C. Defect mediated manipulation of nanoclusters on an insulator. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chandru V, Hooker J. Optimization Methods for Logical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1999.
An edited book
1.
Mehler A. Aspects of Automatic Text Analysis. Köhler R, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Liu H, Mei T, Li H, Luo J. Vision-Based Fine-Grained Location Estimation. In: Choi J, Friedland G, editors. Multimodal Location Estimation of Videos and Images. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. page 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cancer Research.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Bizarre Alien Planet Acts Like A Comet. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Current National Issues Involving Science and Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Nov. Report No.: 094310.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Walker M. Industry - higher education partnerships: A case study analysis of learning together [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B. What the Singing Dead Recall. New York Times. 2017;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cancer Research
AbbreviationMol. Cancer Res.
ISSN (print)1541-7786
ISSN (online)1557-3125
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology
Oncology

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