How to format your references using the Molecular Cancer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cancer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Weijer CJ. Visualizing signals moving in cells. Science. 2003;300:96–100.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Abouheif E, Wray GA. Evolution of the gene network underlying wing polyphenism in ants. Science. 2002;297:249–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Miake J, Marbán E, Nuss HB. Biological pacemaker created by gene transfer. Nature. 2002;419:132–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Freudiger CW, Min W, Saar BG, Lu S, Holtom GR, He C, et al. Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy. Science. 2008;322:1857–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Boxer H. Profitable Day and Swing Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Yadav BS, Mohan M, editors. Ancient Indian Leaps into Mathematics. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vadicherla T, Saravanan D. Textiles and Apparel Development Using Recycled and Reclaimed Fibers. In: Muthu SS, editor. Roadmap to Sustainable Textiles and Clothing: Eco-friendly Raw Materials, Technologies, and Processing Methods. Singapore: Springer; 2014. page 139–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cancer Research.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Why we love repetition in music [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/why-we-love-repetition-music/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Inventory Management: The Army Could Reduce Logistics Costs for Aviation Parts by Adopting Best Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: NSIAD-97-82.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hartl SD. The role of culture in managing diversity: How culturally based heuristics differ in minority and non-minority managerial decision making [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kanter J, Kitsantonis N. Eurozone Agrees to Greece Debt Talks in Exchange for Bailout Payments. New York Times. 2017;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cancer Research
AbbreviationMol. Cancer Res.
ISSN (print)1541-7786
ISSN (online)1557-3125
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology
Oncology

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