How to format your references using the Arthroplasty Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arthroplasty Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Schilling G. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Imaging Spat Pits Amateur Against Pros. Science 2000;288:2110–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Marks CO, Muller-Landau HC. Comment on “From plant traits to plant communities: a statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity.” Science 2007;316:1425; author reply 1425.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Tarchini B, Duboule D, Kmita M. Regulatory constraints in the evolution of the tetrapod limb anterior-posterior polarity. Nature 2006;443:985–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gutmann S, Haebel PW, Metzinger L, Sutter M, Felden B, Ban N. Crystal structure of the transfer-RNA domain of transfer-messenger RNA in complex with SmpB. Nature 2003;424:699–703.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kelsey JE, Newport DJ, Nemeroff CB. Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Trail IA, Fleming ANM, editors. Disorders of the Hand: Volume 3: Inflammation, Arthritis and Contractures. London: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Khattab A, Perkins D, Bayoumi M. Opportunistic Spectrum Access Challenges in Distributed Cognitive Radio Networks. In: Perkins D, Bayoumi M, editors. Cognitive Radio Networks: From Theory to Practice, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 33–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arthroplasty Today.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. What Would The Ancient Astrologers Have Told Us About 2017? IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/what-would-the-ancient-astrologers-have-told-us-about-2017/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. School Age Demographics: Recent Trends Pose New Educational Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Shafran RF. Leading Organizational Change: A Phenomenological Study of the Nonlinear Strategies Used by Female Leaders in Global Companies. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Rain Stopped, and Weirdness Began. New York Times 2011:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArthroplasty Today
AbbreviationArthroplast. Today
ISSN (print)2352-3441
Scope

Other styles