How to format your references using the Arthroplasty Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arthroplasty Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bockrath MW. Chemistry. A single-molecule engine. Science 2012;338:754–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kozlova T, Thummel CS. Essential roles for ecdysone signaling during Drosophila mid-embryonic development. Science 2003;301:1911–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Duan LM, Cirac JI, Zoller P. Geometric manipulation of trapped ions for quantum computation. Science 2001;292:1695–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Vainchtein ID, Chin G, Cho FS, Kelley KW, Miller JG, Chien EC, et al. Astrocyte-derived interleukin-33 promotes microglial synapse engulfment and neural circuit development. Science 2018;359:1269–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Khan MM, Islam MR. Zero Waste Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Mason C, Rawlings-Sanaei F, editors. Academic Migration, Discipline Knowledge and Pedagogical Practice: Voices from the Asia-Pacific. Singapore: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hava D, Kwok-bun C. Explaining Charisma: A Constructivist View. In: Kwok-bun C, editor. Charismatic Leadership in Singapore: Three Extraordinary People, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012, p. 39–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arthroplasty Today.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Origins Of Mysterious Radio Wave Bursts Discovered. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomical-quest-leads-ovens/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Performance Appraisal Information From Selected Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ahlert D. Application of Graph Theoretic Clustering on Some Biomedical Data Sets. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. Predicting the Staying Power of ‘The Jungle Book.’ New York Times 2016:C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArthroplasty Today
AbbreviationArthroplast. Today
ISSN (print)2352-3441
Scope

Other styles