How to format your references using the Arthroplasty Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arthroplasty Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hasinger G. Peeking into the obscured universe. Nature 2000;404:443, 445–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rodríguez-Trelles F, Rodríguez MA. Comment on “Global genetic change tracks global climate warming in Drosophila subobscura.” Science 2007;315:1497; author reply 1497.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Nabel GJ, Wei C-J, Ledgerwood JE. Vaccinate for the next H2N2 pandemic now. Nature 2011;471:157–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Rapino F, Delaunay S, Rambow F, Zhou Z, Tharun L, De Tullio P, et al. Codon-specific translation reprogramming promotes resistance to targeted therapy. Nature 2018;558:605–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Korhonen J, Savolainen T, Soininen J. Deploying IPv6 in 3GPP Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Singer FM. Research On and Activities For Mathematically Gifted Students. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nickpour F, O’Sullivan C. Designing an Innovative Walking Aid Kit; A Case Study of Design in Inclusive Healthcare Products. In: Langdon P, Lazar J, Heylighen A, Dong H, editors. Designing Around People: CWUAAT 2016, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arthroplasty Today.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. New Analysis Suggests Earth’s Magnetic Field Is Destabilizing. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Charter Schools: Federal Funding Available but Barriers Exist. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lai J-P. Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog Deleted on Chromosome Ten (PTEN) As A Molecular Target in Lung Epithelial Wound Repair and Protection. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Branch J. A Coming-Home Party 40 Years in the Making. New York Times 2015:SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArthroplasty Today
AbbreviationArthroplast. Today
ISSN (print)2352-3441
Scope

Other styles