How to format your references using the Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner K. Assault on batteries. Nature 2006;441:1046–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stuart DR, Fagnou K. The catalytic cross-coupling of unactivated arenes. Science 2007;316:1172–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aarts DGAL, Schmidt M, Lekkerkerker HNW. Direct visual observation of thermal capillary waves. Science 2004;304:847–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rothschild BM, Mitchell ED, Moore MJ, Early GA. What Causes Lesions in Sperm Whale Bones? Science 2005;308:631c–2c.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumer PD. Mathematical Journeys. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Asche C, editor. Applying Comparative Effectiveness Data to Medical Decision Making: A Practical Guide. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Noureldin A, Karamat TB, Georgy J. Inertial Navigation System. In: Karamat TB, Georgy J, editors. Fundamentals of Inertial Navigation, Satellite-based Positioning and their Integration, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 125–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Air Pollution Expert: Why Christmas May Be The Most Toxic Day Of The Year. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Federal Laboratory Consortium Should Increase Communication with Potential Customers to Improve Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viruet HB. Effect of Forklift Operation on Lower Back Pain: An Evidence-Based Approach. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. Unilever to Buy South Korean Skin Care Specialist. New York Times 2017:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
AbbreviationDrug Metab. Pharmacokinet.
ISSN (print)1347-4367
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmaceutical Science

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