How to format your references using the Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kargel JS. Enceladus: cosmic gymnast, volatile miniworld. Science 2006;311:1389–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Umeda H, Nomoto K. First-generation black-hole-forming supernovae and the metal abundance pattern of a very iron-poor star. Nature 2003;422:871–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Shuman ES, Barry JF, Demille D. Laser cooling of a diatomic molecule. Nature 2010;467:820–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Shimizu A, Nakatani Y, Nakamura T, Jinno-Oue A, Ishikawa O, Boeke JD, et al. Characterisation of cytoplasmic DNA complementary to non-retroviral RNA viruses in human cells. Sci Rep 2014;4:5074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gaffikin F, Morrissey M. Planning in Divided Cities: Collaborative Shaping of Contested Space. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Helfert M, Desprez F, Ferguson D, Leymann F, editors. Cloud Computing and Services Science: Third International Conference, CLOSER 2013, Aachen, Germany, May 8-10, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 453. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bowden R, Ellis L, Kittler J, Shevchenko M, Windridge D. Unsupervised Symbol Grounding and Cognitive Bootstrapping in Cognitive Vision. In: Roli F, Vitulano S, editors. Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2005: 13th International Conference, Cagliari, Italy, September 6-8, 2005. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 27–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. A Walrus Has Been Born In A Canadian Aquarium For The First Time. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/walrus-has-been-born-canadian-aquarium-first-time/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Advanced Automation System Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Alimo CJ. From dialogue to action: The development of White racial allies. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Eligon J, Nolan K. Angry After Milwaukee Police Shooting, Protesters Turn Against News Media, Too. New York Times 2016:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
AbbreviationDrug Metab. Pharmacokinet.
ISSN (print)1347-4367
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmaceutical Science
Pharmacology

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