How to format your references using the Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hobson KA. Ecology. Incredible journeys. Science 2002;295:981–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Liu SQ, Cull-Candy SG. Synaptic activity at calcium-permeable AMPA receptors induces a switch in receptor subtype. Nature 2000;405:454–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Monthoux P, Pines D, Lonzarich GG. Superconductivity without phonons. Nature 2007;450:1177–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wallace RJ, Rooke JA, Duthie C-A, Hyslop JJ, Ross DW, McKain N, et al. Archaeal abundance in post-mortem ruminal digesta may help predict methane emissions from beef cattle. Sci Rep 2014;4:5892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hobkirk JA, Gill DS, Jones SP, Hemmings KW, Bassi GS, O’Donnell AL, et al. Hypodontia. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Yang L. Interference Coordination for 5G Cellular Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Haberlandt K. ERP-Planning Garbage: Realizing and Preventing. In: Piazolo F, Felderer M, editors. Innovation and Future of Enterprise Information Systems: ERP Future 2012 Conference, Salzburg, Austria, November 2012, Revised Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 31–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. How Do Drugs Work? IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-do-drugs-work/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Student Loan Programs: Lower Interest Rates and Higher Loan Volume Have Increased Federal Consolidation Loan Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Salifu A. Names that prick: Royal praise names in Dagbon, northern Ghana. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Zucchino D, Solomon BC. Newly Freed From ISIS but Stuck Without Water, Neighbors Find a Way. New York Times 2017:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
AbbreviationDrug Metab. Pharmacokinet.
ISSN (print)1347-4367
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmaceutical Science
Pharmacology

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