How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (JAPAN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tammann, G. A., 2010: Allan Sandage (1926-2010). Nature., 468, 898.
A journal article with 2 authors
Partida-Martinez, L. P.; Hertweck, C., 2005: Pathogenic fungus harbours endosymbiotic bacteria for toxin production. Nature., 437, 884–888.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ang, Y. S.; Ma, Z.; Zhang, C., 2014: Chiral-like tunneling of electrons in two-dimensional semiconductors with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Scientific reports., 4, 3780.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Kerr, B.; Riley, M. A.; Feldman, M. W.; Bohannan, B. J. M., 2002: Local dispersal promotes biodiversity in a real-life game of rock-paper-scissors. Nature., 418, 171–174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gasser, W.; Heiner, E.; Elk, K., 2005: Greensche Funktionen in Festkörper- und Vielteilchenphysik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Trueba, G.; Montúfar, C. (Eds.), 2013: Evolution from the Galapagos: Two Centuries after Darwin. Social and Ecological Interactions in the Galapagos Islands. Springer, New York, NY, Vol. 2.
A chapter in an edited book
Trindade, L. A.; Wang, H.; Blackburn, W.; Rooney, N., 2013: An Enhanced Semantic Tree Kernel for Sentiment Polarity Classification. In: Gelbukh, A. (ed.), Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 14th International Conference, CICLing 2013, Samos, Greece, March 24-30, 2013, Proceedings, Part II., Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 50–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, January 30: Functional 3D Brain Tissue Successfully Grown From Stem Cells. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000: Federal Communications Commission: Narrowband Personal Communications Services and Competitive Bidding ( No. OGC-00-47). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper, J. B., 2008: Examining the relationship between grade configuration and teachers’ perceptions of working conditions in public K–8 schools and middle schools in North Carolina (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen, T., 2015, January 24: Open Markets, but Maybe Not Open Minds. New York Times., p. BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tammann, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Partida-Martinez et al., 2005; Tammann, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Partida-Martinez et al., 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kerr et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0931-2439
ISSN (online)1439-0396
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

Other styles