How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (JAPAN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohman, A., 2005: Psychology. Conditioned fear of a face: a prelude to ethnic enmity? Science (New York, N.Y.)., 309, 711–713.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alekseev, V.; Lampert, W., 2001: Maternal control of resting-egg production in Daphnia. Nature., 414, 899–901.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lazzaro, B. P.; Sceurman, B. K.; Clark, A. G., 2004: Genetic basis of natural variation in D. melanogaster antibacterial immunity. Science (New York, N.Y.)., 303, 1873–1876.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Zheng, J.; Birktoft, J. J.; Chen, Y.; Wang, T.; Sha, R.; Constantinou, P. E.; Ginell, S. L.; Mao, C.; Seeman, N. C., 2009: From molecular to macroscopic via the rational design of a self-assembled 3D DNA crystal. Nature., 461, 74–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storhas, W., 2013: Bioverfahrensentwicklung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Nowobilska, M., 2014: Potsdamer Platz: The Reshaping of Berlin. (Zaman, Q. M., Ed.)SpringerBriefs in Geography. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
von Storch, H., 2008: Curbing the Omnipresence of Lead in the European Environment Since the 1970s — a Successful Example of Efficient Environmental Policy. In: Storch, H. von, R. S. J. Tol & G. Flöser (eds.), Environmental Crises., GKSS School of Environmental Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, February 18: Mars One Mission Selects Final 100 Candidates to Colonize Mars. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982: CETA Programs for Disadvantaged Adults: What Do We Know About Their Enrollees, Services, and Effectiveness ( No. IPE-82-2). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Francom, C., 2012: Análisis sociolingüístico de eleccion de lengua en encuentros de servicio: Una perspectiva etnográfica y experimental (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1993, May 23: Saint Hillary. New York Times., p. 622.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ohman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Alekseev et al., 2001; Ohman, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alekseev et al., 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0931-2439
ISSN (online)1439-0396
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

Other styles