How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (JAPAN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller, E. F., 2007: A clash of two cultures. Nature., 445, 603.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirwan, M. L.; Mudd, S. M., 2012: Response of salt-marsh carbon accumulation to climate change. Nature., 489, 550–553.
A journal article with 3 authors
Do-Monte, F. H.; Quiñones-Laracuente, K.; Quirk, G. J., 2015: A temporal shift in the circuits mediating retrieval of fear memory. Nature., 519, 460–463.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Jaramillo, T. F.; Jørgensen, K. P.; Bonde, J.; Nielsen, J. H.; Horch, S.; Chorkendorff, I., 2007: Identification of active edge sites for electrochemical H2 evolution from MoS2 nanocatalysts. Science (New York, N.Y.)., 317, 100–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage, J. P.; Mori, Y., 2013: Sonar and Underwater Acoustics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dolšek, M. (Ed.), 2011: Protection of Built Environment Against Earthquakes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Falmagne, J. C.; Doble, C., 2015: Abstract Axioms and their Representations. In: Doble, C. (ed.), On Meaningful Scientific Laws. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2017, January 13: These Super Slow-Mo Videos Show A Viper Strike In All Its Glory. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016: Social Security Administration: Effective Planning and Management Practices Are Key to Overcoming IT Modernization Challenges ( No. GAO-16-815T). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moody, V. J., 2012: Examining leadership styles and employee engagement in the public and private sectors (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001, June 17: Peace Breaks Out in Conflict Over Nobel Statue. New York Times., p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keller, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Keller, 2007; Kirwan et al., 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirwan et al., 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Jaramillo et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0931-2439
ISSN (online)1439-0396
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

Other styles