How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (JAPAN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berkley, S., 2015: Make vaccine coverage a key UN health indicator. Nature., 526, 165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Andersson, A. F.; Banfield, J. F., 2008: Virus population dynamics and acquired virus resistance in natural microbial communities. Science (New York, N.Y.)., 320, 1047–1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, D. K.; Cann, J. R.; Escartín, J., 2006: Widespread active detachment faulting and core complex formation near 13 degrees N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Nature., 442, 440–443.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Sibly, R. M.; Barker, D.; Denham, M. C.; Hone, J.; Pagel, M., 2005: On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects. Science (New York, N.Y.)., 309, 607–610.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blume, S. W., 2011: High Voltage Protection for Telecommunications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Matyáš, V.; Fischer-Hübner, S.; Cvrček, D.; Švenda, P. (Eds.), 2009: The Future of Identity in the Information Society: 4th IFIP WG 9.2, 9.6/11.6, 11.7/FIDIS International Summer School, Brno, Czech Republic, September 1-7, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Vol. 298.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, C. S.; Chui, C. K.; Guan, C.; Eu, P. W.; Tan, B. L.; Leong, J. J. Y., 2014: Integrating EEG Modality in Serious Games for Rehabilitation of Mental Patients. In: Cai, Y. & S. L. Goei (eds.), Simulations, Serious Games and Their Applications., Gaming Media and Social Effects. Springer, Singapore, pp. 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, May 21: Our Stone Tool Discovery Pushes Back The Archaeological Record By 700,000 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977: Status of the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System ( No. PSAD-77-23). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chellamuthu, V. K., 2015: Structured Population Models: Numerical Methods and Application to Frogs Infected with Chytridiomycosis (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011, October 6: Granderson’s Catches Add to October Lore. New York Times., p. B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berkley, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Andersson et al., 2008; Berkley, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Andersson et al., 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sibly et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0931-2439
ISSN (online)1439-0396
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

Other styles