How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (JAPAN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Südhof, T. C., 2008: Neuroligins and neurexins link synaptic function to cognitive disease. Nature., 455, 903–911.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rutherford, S.; D’Hondt, S., 2000: Early onset and tropical forcing of 100,000-year Pleistocene glacial cycles. Nature., 408, 72–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsushita, T.; Mochizuki, N.; Nagatani, A., 2003: Dimers of the N-terminal domain of phytochrome B are functional in the nucleus. Nature., 424, 571–574.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Zhong, H.; Molday, L. L.; Molday, R. S.; Yau, K. W., 2002: The heteromeric cyclic nucleotide-gated channel adopts a 3A:1B stoichiometry. Nature., 420, 193–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, M. R., 2013: Financial Fraud Prevention and Detection. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gustafsson, A.; Herrmann, A.; Huber, F. (Eds.), 2007: Conjoint Measurement: Methods and Applications Fourth Edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, H.; Qian, D., 2015: A Terminal-Sliding-Mode-Based Frequency Regulation. In: Hu, X., Y. Xia, Y. Zhang & D. Zhao (eds.), Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2015: 12th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2015, Jeju, South Korea, October 15-18, 2015, Proceedings., Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 36–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, November 5: Researchers Discover Vaccine-Resistant Polio Strain. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984: First-Year Implementation of the Federal Managers’ Financial Integrity Act in the Department of Education ( No. HRD-84-49). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, W. C., 2017: An Evaluation of the Relationship Between Critical Technology Developments and Technology Maturity (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011, April 9: Baggage, New and Old, Arrives at Citi Field. New York Times., p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Südhof, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rutherford et al., 2000; Südhof, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rutherford et al., 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhong et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0931-2439
ISSN (online)1439-0396
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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