How to format your references using the Molecular Brain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Brain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Clausen J. Man, machine and in between. Nature. 2009;457:1080–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. King DA, Thomas SM. Science and government. Taking science out of the box--foresight recast. Science. 2007;316:1701–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Whitmire E, Khan B, Coué M. Cdc6 synthesis regulates replication competence in Xenopus oocytes. Nature. 2002;419:722–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mondal M, Kamlapure A, Ganguli SC, Jesudasan J, Bagwe V, Benfatto L, et al. Enhancement of the finite-frequency superfluid response in the pseudogap regime of strongly disordered superconducting films. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Youssef HA. Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Di Benedetto M-G, Bader F, editors. Cognitive Communication and Cooperative HetNet Coexistence: Selected Advances on Spectrum Sensing, Learning, and Security Approaches. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chin J-J, Heng S-H, Goi B-M. An Efficient and Provable Secure Identity-Based Identification Scheme in the Standard Model. In: Mjølsnes SF, Mauw S, Katsikas SK, editors. Public Key Infrastructure: 5th European PKI Workshop: Theory and Practice, EuroPKI 2008 Trondheim, Norway, June 16-17, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 60–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Brain.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Even Nicotine-Free E-Cig Vapor Damages Lung Cells. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Oversight of DOJ Funds for Recreational Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Jun. Report No.: GAO-10-661R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McAvoy DL. Coming of age with Shakespeare: The convergence of American youth culture and high culture since the 1980s [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Elegies for a Homeless Man By Friends He Left Behind. New York Times. 2001 Apr 15;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Brain
AbbreviationMol. Brain
ISSN (online)1756-6606
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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