How to format your references using the Integrated Research Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrated Research Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. Hong. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. Assembly of a neural circuit. Science 2013, 342 (6163), 1186.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Bradbury, A. Plückthun. Reproducibility: Standardize antibodies used in research. Nature 2015, 518 (7537), 27–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.C. Lund, J. Lynch-Stieglitz, W.B. Curry. Gulf Stream density structure and transport during the past millennium. Nature 2006, 444 (7119), 601–604.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
L. Wu, C.S. Bauer, X.-G. Zhen, C. Xie, J. Yang. Dual regulation of voltage-gated calcium channels by PtdIns(4,5)P2. Nature 2002, 419 (6910), 947–952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Sinclair. Volatility Trading; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2007: OTM 2007 Workshops: OTM Confederated International Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, OTM Academy Doctoral Consortium, MONET, OnToContent, ORM, PerSys, PPN, RDDS, SSWS, and SWWS 2007, Vilamoura, Portugal, November 25-30, 2007, Proceedings, Part I; Meersman, R., Tari, Z., Herrero, P., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 4805.
A chapter in an edited book
R.R. Brubaker. Consequences of Missense Mutations in Yersinia pestis: Efficient Flow of Metabolic Carbon Versus Virulence. In Advances in Yersinia Research; de Almeida, A. M. P., Leal, N. C., Eds.; Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Springer, New York, NY, 2012; pp 31–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrated Research Advances.

Blog post
K. Hamilton. A Man Took This Photograph Of Birds, And Turned Their Positions Into Musical Notes (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Education: Monitoring of State Formula Grants by Office of Special Education Programs; HRD-91-91FS; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.M. Dilenschneider. Refusing to be put aside: Women and the meaning of betrayal. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Kanter. As E.U.’s Roster Swells, So Does Linguistic Burden. New York Times. January 4, 2017, p A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrated Research Advances
ISSN (print)2456-334X

Other styles