How to format your references using the Integrated Research Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrated Research Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. de Massy. Human genetics. Hidden features of human hotspots. Science 2014, 346 (6211), 808–809.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.E. Winkowski, E.I. Knudsen. Top-down gain control of the auditory space map by gaze control circuitry in the barn owl. Nature 2006, 439 (7074), 336–339.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.M. Hermans, H. Frauenrath, F. Stellacci. Materials science. Droplets out of equilibrium. Science 2013, 341 (6143), 243–244.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
C.T. Reinhard, R. Raiswell, C. Scott, A.D. Anbar, T.W. Lyons. A late Archean sulfidic sea stimulated by early oxidative weathering of the continents. Science 2009, 326 (5953), 713–716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Lunn. HPLC Methods for Recently Approved Pharmaceuticals; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
K. Guo. Multiplication Operators on the Bergman Space; Huang, H., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Mathematics; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015; Vol. 2145.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Bolek, K. Kümmerer. Fate and Effects of Little Investigated Scents in the Aquatic Environment. In Xenobiotics in the Urban Water Cycle: Mass Flows, Environmental Processes, Mitigation and Treatment Strategies; Fatta-Kassinos, D., Bester, K., Kümmerer, K., Eds.; Environmental Pollution; Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010; pp 87–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrated Research Advances.

Blog post
E. Andrew. Fructose May Increase Our Desire For Food (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Changes Needed in Administering Relief to Industries Hurt by Overseas Competition; ID-81-42; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Liu. Regulatory functions of the actin cytoskeleton in B cell receptor signaling. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey. A Shot That Sank a Season. New York Times. March 1, 2012, p B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrated Research Advances
ISSN (print)2456-334X

Other styles