How to format your references using the Integrated Research Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrated Research Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.C. O’Reilly. Biologically based computational models of high-level cognition. Science 2006, 314 (5796), 91–94.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.K. Bose, T.B. Marder. ORGANIC CATALYSIS. A leap ahead for activating C-H bonds. Science 2015, 349 (6247), 473–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.D. Doniger, A.V. Herzog, D.A. Lashof. Climate change. An ambitious, centrist approach to global warming legislation. Science 2006, 314 (5800), 764–765.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
D.A. Luh, T. Miller, J.J. Paggel, M.Y. Chou, T.C. Chiang. Quantum electronic stability of atomically uniform films. Science 2001, 292 (5519), 1131–1133.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.A. French. Chronicles Through the Centuries; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
Experiments and Numerical Simulations of Diluted Spray Turbulent Combustion: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Turbulent Spray Combustion; Merci, B., Roekaerts, D., Sadiki, A., Eds.; ERCOFTAC Series; Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011; Vol. 17.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Bellman, W.R. Foshay, D. Gremillion. A Developmental Model for Adaptive and Differentiated Instruction Using Classroom Networking Technology. In The Mathematics Teacher in the Digital Era: An International Perspective on Technology Focused Professional Development; Clark-Wilson, A., Robutti, O., Sinclair, N., Eds.; Mathematics Education in the Digital Era; Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014; pp 91–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrated Research Advances.

Blog post
E. Andrew. Teens Invent Condoms That Change Color When They Detect STDs (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Financial Aid: Data Not Fully Utilized to Identify Inappropriately Awarded Loans and Grants; HEHS-95-89; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.L. Crowell. A Case Study into the Perception of World Language Study of All Stakeholders in a Suburban Midwest School District. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse. Detainee Case Will Pose Delicate Question for Court. New York Times. March 27, 2006, p A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrated Research Advances
ISSN (print)2456-334X

Other styles