How to format your references using the Integrated Research Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrated Research Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.H. Baughman. Auxetic materials: avoiding the shrink. Nature 2003, 425 (6959), 667.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.J. Borgdorff, D. Choquet. Regulation of AMPA receptor lateral movements. Nature 2002, 417 (6889), 649–653.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.J. Grubb, D.A. Coomes, D.J. Metcalfe. Comment on “A brief history of seed size.” Science 2005, 310 (5749), 783; author reply 783.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
A.M. Lindroth, X. Cao, J.P. Jackson, et al. Requirement of CHROMOMETHYLASE3 for maintenance of CpXpG methylation. Science 2001, 292 (5524), 2077–2080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Hoffmann. The Economic Competitiveness of Renewable Energy; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Complex Motion: First International Workshop, IWCM 2004, Günzburg, Germany, October 12-14, 2004. Revised Papers; Jähne, B., Mester, R., Barth, E., Scharr, H., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 3417.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Silfwerbrand, H. Beushausen, L. Courard. Bond. In Bonded Cement-Based Material Overlays for the Repair, the Lining or the Strengthening of Slabs or Pavements: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 193-RLS; Bissonnette, B., Courard, L., Fowler, D. W., Granju, J.-L., Eds.; Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011; pp 51–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrated Research Advances.

Blog post
K. Hamilton. How The Hobbits Kept Their Tools As They Shrank Into Island Life (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: DOT and FAA Actions Will Likely Have a Limited Effect on Reducing Delays during Summer 2008 Travel Season; GAO-08-934T; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Soto. Barriers among Hispanic adults on dialysis that affect medication compliance. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh. Team of 7 From Finance and Law to Oversee Puerto Rico’s Fiscal Affairs. New York Times. September 1, 2016, p B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrated Research Advances
ISSN (print)2456-334X

Other styles