How to format your references using the Integrated Research Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrated Research Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Raymond. Sexist attitudes: Most of us are biased. Nature 2013, 495 (7439), 33–34.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.J. Pollard, P.J. Ratcliffe. Cancer. Puzzling patterns of predisposition. Science 2009, 324 (5924), 192–194.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Nazir, B. Amin, U. Schwingenschlögl. Suppression of the two-dimensional electron gas in LaGaO3/SrTiO3 by cation intermixing. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3409.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
W. Tan, L. Chen, X. Ji, H.-Q. Lin. Photonic simulation of topological superconductor edge state and zero-energy mode at a vortex. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Boutillier, D. Carré, N. Levratto. Entrepreneurial Ecosystems; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Network Control and Engineering for QoS, Security and Mobility, IV: Fourth IFIP International Conference on Network Control and Engineering for QoS, Security and Mobility, Lannion, France, November 14–18, 2005; Gaïti, D., Ed.; IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing; Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007; Vol. 229.
A chapter in an edited book
R.R. Lawson, A. Snow. The Interface of Emergency Department, Oncology, and Palliative Social Work: Psychosocial Interventions in Oncologic Emergencies. In Oncologic Emergency Medicine: Principles and Practice; Todd, K. H., Thomas, C. R., Jr., Eds.; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016; pp 67–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrated Research Advances.

Blog post
E. Andrew. Invasive “Walking” Fish That Suffocates Its Predators May Be Coming For Australia (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA’s Revised Cost Comparison Provides a More Reasonable Basis for Comparing the Costs of Private-Sector and TSA Screeners; GAO-11-375R; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.B. Tolley. The role of trust and care in the implementation of a social constructivist curriculum in physical education. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander. Watts Wins Manhattan Race. New York Times. June 24, 2002, p D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrated Research Advances
ISSN (print)2456-334X

Other styles