How to format your references using the Integrated Research Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrated Research Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Nogrady. Neurobiology: life beyond the pain. Nature 2014, 515 (7526), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Casals, J. Bertranpetit. Genetics. Human genetic variation, shared and private. Science 2012, 337 (6090), 39–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Cohen, A. Rau, K. Brüning. Climate change. Bridging the Montreal-Kyoto gap. Science 2009, 326 (5955), 940–941.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
J. Engelmann, W. Hanke, J. Mogdans, H. Bleckmann. Hydrodynamic stimuli and the fish lateral line. Nature 2000, 408 (6808), 51–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.R. Petrucelli, J.R. Peters. Preventing Fraud and Mismanagement in Government; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Web Information Systems and Technologies: 11th International Conference, WEBIST 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 20–22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016.; Monfort, V., Krempels, K.-H., Majchrzak, T. A., Turk, Ž., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016; Vol. 246.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Roth-Bejerano, A. Navarro-Ródenas, A. Gutiérrez. Types of Mycorrhizal Association. In Desert Truffles: Phylogeny, Physiology, Distribution and Domestication; Kagan-Zur, V., Roth-Bejerano, N., Sitrit, Y., Morte, A., Eds.; Soil Biology; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp 69–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrated Research Advances.

Blog post
A. Carpineti. Listen To The Eerie Music From The First “Underwater Band” (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Better Criteria Needed for Awarding Grants for School Desegregation; HRD-78-36; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.A. Hoch. The Effects of Systematic Reinforcement on Academic Performance in Precision Teaching: An Investigation of Acquisition, Retention, and Endurance. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Dynarski. Finding Shock Absorbers for Student Debt. New York Times. June 14, 2014, p BU8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrated Research Advances
ISSN (print)2456-334X

Other styles