How to format your references using the Journal of Social Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doncaster CP (2006) Comment on ‘On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects’ III. Science 311(5764): 1100; author reply 1100.
A journal article with 2 authors
Swirski FK and Nahrendorf M (2013) Leukocyte behavior in atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and heart failure. Science 339(6116): 161–166.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeffery WR, Strickler AG and Yamamoto Y (2004) Migratory neural crest-like cells form body pigmentation in a urochordate embryo. Nature 431(7009): 696–699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Campbell BA, Campbell DB, Chandler JF, Hine AA, Nolan MC and Perillat PJ (2003) Radar imaging of the lunar poles. Nature 426(6963): 137–138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson TJ (2015) The Value of Debt in Retirement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Singh AK and Agarwal R eds (2016) Core Concepts in Hypertension in Kidney Disease. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rogova GL (2016) Information Quality in Information Fusion and Decision Making with Applications to Crisis Management. In Rogova G and Scott P (eds) Fusion Methodologies in Crisis Management: Higher Level Fusion and Decision Making. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Chunks Of The Earth’s Upper Mantle Are Falling Off And Causing Earthquakes. (consulted October 2018:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Federal Research: Information on Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eutz RJ (2014) The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge. Doctoral dissertation. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blanchard K (2010) Let the Pill Go Free. New York Timesp.: A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Doncaster, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Doncaster, 2006; Swirski and Nahrendorf, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Swirski and Nahrendorf, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Campbell et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1469-6053
ISSN (online)1741-2951
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles