How to format your references using the Journal of Social Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2003) A question of gender. Nature 426(6963): 209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Behar SM and Baehrecke EH (2015) Tuberculosis: Autophagy is not the answer. Nature 528(7583): 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen GZ, Fray DJ and Farthing TW (2000) Direct electrochemical reduction of titanium dioxide to titanium in molten calcium chloride. Nature 407(6802): 361–364.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Planatscher H, Rimmele S, Michel G, Pötz O, Joos T and Schneiderhan-Marra N (2013) Systematic reference sample generation for multiplexed serological assays. Sci. Rep. 3: 3259.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kukushkin A (2004) Radio Wave Propagation in the Marine Boundary Layer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Barros A, Gal A and Kindler E eds (2012) Business Process Management: 10th International Conference, BPM 2012, Tallinn, Estonia, September 3-6, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dias JM and do Céu Marques M (2014) A Multiobjective Approach for a Dynamic Simple Plant Location Problem under Uncertainty. In Murgante B Misra S Rocha AMAC Torre C Rocha JG Falcão MI Taniar D Apduhan BO and Gervasi O (eds) Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2014: 14th International Conference, Guimarães, Portugal, June 30 – July 3, 2014, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 60–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Archaeology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Biohybrid Robots Built From Living Tissue Start To Take Shape. (consulted October 2018:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) FAA’s Voice Communications and Administrative Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Underwood VL (2010) The effect of guided reading instruction on reading achievement. Doctoral dissertation. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M, Rashbaum WK and Hakim D (2017) Trump Foot Soldier Sidelined Under Glare of Russia Inquiry. New York Timesp.: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Behar and Baehrecke, 2015; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Behar and Baehrecke, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Planatscher et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1469-6053
ISSN (online)1741-2951
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles