How to format your references using the Journal of Social Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rabitz H (2003) Chemistry. Shaped laser pulses as reagents. Science 299(5606): 525–527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coles P and Chiang LY (2000) Characterizing the nonlinear growth of large-scale structure in the Universe. Nature 406(6794): 376–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vander Heiden MG, Cantley LC and Thompson CB (2009) Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation. Science 324(5930): 1029–1033.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hopkins WD, Keebaugh AC, Reamer LA, Schaeffer J, Schapiro SJ and Young LJ (2014) Genetic influences on receptive joint attention in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Sci. Rep. 4: 3774.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moritz FG (2013) Electromechanical Motion Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Rolstadås A (2011) Risk Navigation Strategies for Major Capital Projects: Beyond the Myth of Predictability. Hetland PW Jergeas GF and Westney RE (eds) London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Liesche J and Schulz A (2013) Symplasmic Transport in Phloem Loading and Unloading. In Sokołowska K and Sowiński P (eds) Symplasmic Transport in Vascular Plants. New York, NY: Springer, 133–163.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Giraffes Aren’t Dangerous – But They Will Soon Be Endangered. (consulted October 2018:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Results-Oriented Management: OPM Needs to Do More to Ensure Meaningful Distinctions Are Made in SES Ratings and Performance Awards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estep KL (2010) Outreach Communication by Grassroots Environmental Organizations: A Case Study. Doctoral dissertation. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2016) ‘A Completely Different’ Kerber Displays Calm, and Then Dominance. New York Timesp.: B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rabitz, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Coles and Chiang, 2000; Rabitz, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coles and Chiang, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hopkins et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1469-6053
ISSN (online)1741-2951
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles