How to format your references using the Journal of Social Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angerer P (2004) Graduate journal: PhD limitations. Nature 431(7012): 1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mattaj IW and Tocchini-Valentini GP (2007) Laying solid foundations for Europe. Nature 447(7143): 377–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acquisti A, Brandimarte L and Loewenstein G (2015) Privacy and human behavior in the age of information. Science 347(6221): 509–514.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sriraman S, Agarwal S, Aydil ES and Maroudas D (2002) Mechanism of hydrogen-induced crystallization of amorphous silicon. Nature 418(6893): 62–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambachtsheer KP (2016) The Future of Pension Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Karantanas AH ed. (2011) Sports Injuries in Children and Adolescents. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gan L-S, Lee FW, Nagaraja N, Li P, Labutti J, Yin W, Xia C, Yang H, Uttamsingh V, Lu C, Pusalkar S, Scott Daniels J, Huang R, Qian M, Wu J-T, Cardoza K, Balani SK and Miwa GT (2006) Case History — Use of ADME Studies for Optimization of Drug Candidates. In Borchardt RT Kerns EH Hageman MJ Thakker DR and Stevens JL (eds) Optimizing the “Drug-Like” Properties of Leads in Drug Discovery Biotechnology: Pharmaceutical Aspects. New York, NY: Springer, 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Archaeology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Kiwi Bird Genome Reveals How They Adapted to Nocturnal Lifestyle. (consulted October 2018:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) WMATA’s Administrative Costs and Largo Extension. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi Y (2012) Three essays on econometrics. Doctoral dissertation. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Togetherness Helps Set Winner Apart. New York Timesp.: F9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angerer, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Angerer, 2004; Mattaj and Tocchini-Valentini, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mattaj and Tocchini-Valentini, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Sriraman et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1469-6053
ISSN (online)1741-2951
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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