How to format your references using the Journal of Social Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shastri N (2006) Cell biology. Peptides, scrambled and stitched. Science 313(5792): 1398–1399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachdev S and Zhang S-C (2002) Superconductivity. Tuning order in cuprate superconductors. Science 295(5554): 452–454.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clark DA, Mitra PP and Wang SS (2001) Scalable architecture in mammalian brains. Nature 411(6834): 189–193.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sánchez-Luque FJ, Stich M, Manrubia S, Briones C and Berzal-Herranz A (2014) Efficient HIV-1 inhibition by a 16 nt-long RNA aptamer designed by combining in vitro selection and in silico optimisation strategies. Sci. Rep. 4: 6242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zito R (2011) Electrochemical Water Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fujiwara H (2015) Harmonic Analysis on Exponential Solvable Lie Groups. Ludwig J (ed.) Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Chalkias A and Iacovidou N (2016) Diagnostic Biomarkers of Acute Kidney Injury in Newborns. In Patel VB and Preedy VR (eds) Biomarkers in Kidney Disease. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 27–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) When are we Most Likely to Catch Viral Diseases? (consulted October 2018:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) VA Information Technology: Management Making Important Progress in Addressing Key Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edmonds JL (2009) Mobility and population change in northeast Mississippi: An object-based seriation of projectile points as a relative paleodemographic indicator. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Suffolk Schools to Say Goodbye to DARE. New York Timesp.: 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cole, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Falk, 2000; Hardt, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sachdev and Zhang, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zinzen et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1469-6053
ISSN (online)1741-2951
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles