How to format your references using the Journal of Social Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goonatilake S (2000) Many paths to enlightenment. Nature 405(6785): 399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stagon SP and Huang H (2013) Airtight metallic sealing at room temperature under small mechanical pressure. Sci. Rep. 3: 3066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferguson NM, Donnelly CA and Anderson RM (2001) Transmission intensity and impact of control policies on the foot and mouth epidemic in Great Britain. Nature 413(6855): 542–548.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van den Akker F, Zhang X, Miyagi M, Huo X, Misono KS and Yee VC (2000) Structure of the dimerized hormone-binding domain of a guanylyl-cyclase-coupled receptor. Nature 406(6791): 101–104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Park S and Guille-Escuret G (2017) Sociobiology vs Socioecology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mulhall JP, Incrocci L, Goldstein I and Rosen R eds (2011) Cancer and Sexual Health. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmad I and Jaafar A (2011) Game Design Framework: A Pilot Study on Users’ Perceptions. In Zaman HB Robinson P Petrou M Olivier P Shih TK Velastin S and Nyström I (eds) Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovations: Second International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2011, Selangor, Malaysia, November 9-11, 2011, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 33–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Archaeology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) See Inside A Hyperloop Pod For The First Time. (consulted October 2018:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Customs Service Modernization: Actions Initiated to Correct ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Millar CL (2010) Re-specting graffiti: Transgression at play in art, language, and ritual. Doctoral dissertation. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Frenkel S, Scott M and Mozur P (2017) Mystery of Motive for a Ransomware Attack: Money, Mayhem or a Message? New York Timesp.: A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goonatilake, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Goonatilake, 2000; Stagon and Huang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stagon and Huang, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (van den Akker et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1469-6053
ISSN (online)1741-2951
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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