How to format your references using the Molecular Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paz, J. P. (2003). Computer science. Randomness in quantum computation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5653), 2076–2077.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sacco, T., & Sacchetti, B. (2010). Role of secondary sensory cortices in emotional memory storage and retrieval in rats. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5992), 649–656.
A journal article with 3 authors
Falnes, P. Ø., Johansen, R. F., & Seeberg, E. (2002). AlkB-mediated oxidative demethylation reverses DNA damage in Escherichia coli. Nature, 419(6903), 178–182.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chevalier, M.-L., Ryerson, F. J., Tapponnier, P., Finkel, R. C., Van Der Woerd, J., Haibing, L., & Qing, L. (2005). Slip-rate measurements on the Karakorum Fault may imply secular variations in fault motion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5708), 411–414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, S.-C., Delbruck, T., Indiveri, G., Whatley, A., & Douglas, R. (2015). Event-Based Neuromorphic Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gebhart, G. F., & Schmidt, R. F. (Eds.). (2013). Encyclopedia of Pain. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ochs, H. D. (2015). Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy: Past, Present, Future. In A. Plebani & V. Lougaris (Eds.), Agammaglobulinemia (pp. 61–74). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Biotechnology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, August 18). Crows Can’t Get The Hang Of Teamwork. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Information Technology Management: Small Business Administration Needs Policies and Procedures to Control Key IT Processes (No. T-AIMD-00-260). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galvarin, M. (2008). Special education paraeducators as instructional support (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, October 22). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton’s Camp Says It Is Wary Of Perot Inroads. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Biotechnology
AbbreviationMol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1073-6085
ISSN (online)1559-0305
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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