How to format your references using the Molecular Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joyce, G. F. (2002). The antiquity of RNA-based evolution. Nature, 418(6894), 214–221.
A journal article with 2 authors
Okamoto, N., & Inouye, I. (2005). A secondary symbiosis in progress? Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 287.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sezen, U. U., Chazdon, R. L., & Holsinger, K. E. (2005). Genetic consequences of tropical second-growth forest regeneration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5711), 891.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huyen, Y., Zgheib, O., Ditullio, R. A., Jr, Gorgoulis, V. G., Zacharatos, P., Petty, T. J., … Halazonetis, T. D. (2004). Methylated lysine 79 of histone H3 targets 53BP1 to DNA double-strand breaks. Nature, 432(7015), 406–411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scanlan, E. A. (2009). Fundraising Consultants. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Coluccia, G. (2015). Compressed Sensing for Distributed Systems. (C. Ravazzi & E. Magli, Eds.). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Skerrett, S. J. (2013). Toll-Like Receptors in the Airway Epithelium. In A. Prince (Ed.), Mucosal Immunology of Acute Bacterial Pneumonia (pp. 125–138). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Biotechnology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, December 16). Orcas Documented Hunting Rare Beaked Whales For The First Time Ever. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Transportation Infrastructure: Cost and Oversight Issues on Major Highway and Bridge Projects (No. GAO-02-702T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanute, P. J. (2012). What power? A mixed methods study of nonformal education teacher perceptions of social power (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N. (2015, March 10). Chechen Links Nemtsov Killing to Charlie Hebdo Cartoons. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Biotechnology
AbbreviationMol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1073-6085
ISSN (online)1559-0305
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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