How to format your references using the Nordic Journal of Music Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Journal of Music Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weir, K. (2015). Microbiology: Inflammatory evidence. Nature, 528(7582), S130-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liou, J. C., & Johnson, N. L. (2006). Planetary science. Risks in space from orbiting debris. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5759), 340–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dietz, T., Ostrom, E., & Stern, P. C. (2003). The struggle to govern the commons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1907–1912.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lagrange, A.-M., Bonnefoy, M., Chauvin, G., Apai, D., Ehrenreich, D., Boccaletti, A., Gratadour, D., Rouan, D., Mouillet, D., Lacour, S., & Kasper, M. (2010). A giant planet imaged in the disk of the young star beta Pictoris. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5987), 57–59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A., & Souchet, D. (2014). Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pan, Z., Cheok, A. D., Müller, W., Zhang, X., & Wong, K. (Eds.). (2010). Transactions on Edutainment IV (Vol. 6250). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dowbor, L. (2015). Economic Democracy: Meeting Some Management Challenges: Changing Scenarios in Brazil. In F. Mancebo & I. Sachs (Eds.), Transitions to Sustainability (pp. 39–53). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Journal of Music Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 18). New Cases Rise, But Death Rates Decline – How Cancer Became About Quality Of Life. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Measuring Progress and Addressing Potential Privacy Concerns Would Facilitate Integration into the National Airspace System [Reissued on September 18, 2012] (GAO-12-981). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simonsen, A. E. (2010). Risk and resilience: Girls’ experiences navigating space and relationships in a secure residential facility [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Holden, S. (2015, February 13). Binghamton Just Isn’t Hollywood. New York Times, C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weir, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Liou & Johnson, 2006; Weir, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liou & Johnson, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Dietz et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lagrange et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Journal of Music Therapy
AbbreviationNord. J. Music Ther.
ISSN (print)0809-8131
ISSN (online)1944-8260
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Complementary and alternative medicine
Phychiatric Mental Health

Other styles