How to format your references using the Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. (2005). Nuts and bolts. International ventures. Nature, 434(7034), 804.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patzelt, F., & Pawelzik, K. (2013). An inherent instability of efficient markets. Scientific reports, 3, 2784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldman, S. A., Nedergaard, M., & Windrem, M. S. (2012). Glial progenitor cell-based treatment and modeling of neurological disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 491–495.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gendrel, M., Rapti, G., Richmond, J. E., & Bessereau, J.-L. (2009). A secreted complement-control-related protein ensures acetylcholine receptor clustering. Nature, 461(7266), 992–996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darling-Hammond, L., Meyerson, D., LaPointe, M., Terry Orr, M., Barber, M., Cohen, C., … Tushnet, N. (2009). Preparing Principals for a Changing World. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bas.
An edited book
Carlsson, C. (2011). Possibility for Decision: A Possibilistic Approach to Real Life Decisions. (R. Fullér, Ed.) (Vol. 270). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Falcocchio, J. C., & Levinson, H. S. (2015). Overview of the Causes of Congestion. In H. S. Levinson (Ed.), Road Traffic Congestion: A Concise Guide (pp. 35–37). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 30). Japanese Laboratory Fires World’s Most Powerful Laser. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Alternatives for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Public School Financial Assistance Program (No. CED-79-112). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adetunji, O. O. (2008). The Nature of Electronic States in Conducting Polymer Nano-Networks (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008, April 3). For the Self-Employed, a Year-Round System Will Smooth Tax Time. New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing
AbbreviationAnalog Integr. Circuits Signal Process.
ISSN (print)0925-1030
ISSN (online)1573-1979
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Signal Processing
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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