How to format your references using the Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Warren, W. S. (2001). Nuclear magnetic resonance. Multidimensional symmetry in a three-dimensional world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546), 1475–1476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allenby, B., & Fink, J. (2005). Toward inherently secure and resilient societies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5737), 1034–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royer, D. L., Berner, R. A., & Park, J. (2007). Climate sensitivity constrained by CO2 concentrations over the past 420 million years. Nature, 446(7135), 530–532.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dunlop, J. A., Anderson, L. I., Kerp, H., & Hass, H. (2003). Palaeontology: preserved organs of Devonian harvestmen. Nature, 425(6961), 916.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee. (2007). Positive Displacement Pumps. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gheorghe, A., & Muresan, L. (Eds.). (2011). Energy Security: International and Local Issues, Theoretical Perspectives, and Critical Energy Infrastructures. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Saintillan, D. (2012). Kinetic Models for Biologically Active Suspensions. In S. Childress, A. Hosoi, W. W. Schultz, & J. Wang (Eds.), Natural Locomotion in Fluids and on Surfaces: Swimming, Flying, and Sliding (pp. 53–71). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, January 18). Neanderthals Invented Geology, Or At Least Rock Collecting. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Medical ADP Systems: Analysis of Technical Aspects of DOD’s Composite Health Care System (No. IMTEC-88-27). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gowetski, D. B. (2012). Manipulation of DNA topology using an artificial DNA-looping protein (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008, January 20). Young, Female, Energetic and, Now, Dean. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing
AbbreviationAnalog Integr. Circuits Signal Process.
ISSN (print)0925-1030
ISSN (online)1573-1979
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Signal Processing
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles