How to format your references using the Molecular and Cellular Therapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular and Cellular Therapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Strittmatter WJ. Medicine. Old drug, new hope for Alzheimer’s disease. Science. 2012;335:1447–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sliwkowski MX, Mellman I. Antibody therapeutics in cancer. Science. 2013;341:1192–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Berg E, Metlitski MA, Sachdev S. Sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo of the onset of antiferromagnetism in metals. Science. 2012;338:1606–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kawasaki Y, Lee J, Matsuzawa A, Kohda T, Kaneko-Ishino T, Ishino F. Active DNA demethylation is required for complete imprint erasure in primordial germ cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stahl S, Stenson C. Introduction to Topology and Geometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Whitacre DM, editor. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 218. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sun Y, Nishida T, Thompson SE. Low-Dimensional Semiconductor Structures. In: Thompson SE, Nishida T, editors. Strain Effect in Semiconductors: Theory and Device Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 137–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular and Cellular Therapies.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Getting Married On Valentine’s Day? You’re More Likely To Get Divorced, Claims Study [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Natural Gas Pipeline Safety: Integrity Management Benefits Public Safety, but Consistency of Performance Measures Should be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Sep. Report No.: GAO-06-946.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tajer SA. Topics in MIMO networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. It’s Fresh, Local and Elegant. New York Times. 2009 Aug 30;NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular and Cellular Therapies
AbbreviationMol. Cell. Ther.
ISSN (online)2052-8426

Other styles