How to format your references using the Molecular and Cellular Therapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular and Cellular Therapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Carpenter BK. Chemistry. Taking the high road and getting there before you. Science. 2011;332:1269–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kovach JD, Lamb RS. Evolution. There can be only one. Science. 2014;343:623–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sidi S, Friedrich RW, Nicolson T. NompC TRP channel required for vertebrate sensory hair cell mechanotransduction. Science. 2003;301:96–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dong KF, Li HH, Peng YG, Ju G, Chow GM, Chen JS. Nanogranular TiN-ZrO₂ intermediate layer induced improvement of isolation and grain size of FePt thin films. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5607.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Trimble MR, George MS. Biological Psychiatry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Orešič M, Vidal-Puig A, editors. A Systems Biology Approach to Study Metabolic Syndrome. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lee R, Wolpert DH, Bono J, Backhaus S, Bent R, Tracey B. Counter-Factual Reinforcement Learning: How to Model Decision-Makers That Anticipate the Future. In: Guy TV, Karny M, Wolpert D, editors. Decision Making and Imperfection. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 101–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular and Cellular Therapies.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Diagnostic Platform Can Detect Over 1,000 Pathogens In Just 6 Hours. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Fly America Act Interpretation]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Dec. Report No.: B-258059.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Vu MK. Reducing mental health provider burnout through wellness: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Moscow Never Sleeps. New York Times. 2017 Jun 8;C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular and Cellular Therapies
AbbreviationMol. Cell. Ther.
ISSN (online)2052-8426

Other styles