How to format your references using the Molecular and Cellular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular and Cellular Biology (MCB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Grubb M. 2012. Emissions trading: Cap and trade finds new energy. Nature 491:666–667.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Liu L, Stegman DR. 2012. Origin of Columbia River flood basalt controlled by propagating rupture of the Farallon slab. Nature 482:386–389.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hummer G, Rasaiah JC, Noworyta JP. 2001. Water conduction through the hydrophobic channel of a carbon nanotube. Nature 414:188–190.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Valenza G, Citi L, Lanatá A, Scilingo EP, Barbieri R. 2014. Revealing real-time emotional responses: a personalized assessment based on heartbeat dynamics. Sci Rep 4:4998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hitz CB, Ewing J, Hecht J. 2012. Introduction to Laser Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
Naidich TP. 2009. Duvernoy’s Atlas of the Human Brain Stem and Cerebellum: High-Field MRI: Surface Anatomy, Internal Structure, Vascularization and 3D Sectional Anatomy. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Salehi S, Anwar R, Hassan OH. 2015. Reuse of Palm Oil Sludge in Stoneware: An Eco-friendly Project, p. 43–53. In Hassan, OH, Abidin, SZ, Anwar, R, Kamaruzaman, MF (eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Research of Arts, Design and Humanities (ISRADH 2014). Springer, Singapore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular and Cellular Biology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. 2014. Seven Myths About The Brain That Most People Believe. IFLScience. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Administration of Family Planning Grants Awarded to Genesee Family Planning Program, Inc. HRD-78-24. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Igbojekwe SC. 2014. Development of Environmental Friendly Cement for Oil and Gas Well Application. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crair B. 2016. Where Mark Twain Found Inspiration. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular and Cellular Biology
AbbreviationMol. Cell. Biol.
ISSN (print)0270-7306
ISSN (online)1098-5549
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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