How to format your references using the Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qiu, J. (2013). Climatology. Monsoon melee. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6139), 1400–1401.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitoussi, C., & Bourdon, B. (2012). Silicon isotope evidence against an enstatite chondrite Earth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6075), 1477–1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic, P., Hallam, B., & Noyes, J. (2007). Brilliant whiteness in ultrathin beetle scales. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5810), 348.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dasgupta, S., Rajapakshe, K., Zhu, B., Nikolai, B. C., Yi, P., Putluri, N., Choi, J. M., Jung, S. Y., Coarfa, C., Westbrook, T. F., Zhang, X. H.-F., Foulds, C. E., Tsai, S. Y., Tsai, M.-J., & O’Malley, B. W. (2018). Metabolic enzyme PFKFB4 activates transcriptional coactivator SRC-3 to drive breast cancer. Nature, 556(7700), 249–254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weber, P., & Simon, C. (2016). Benefits of Bayesian Network Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fogliatto, F. S., & da Silveira, G. J. C. (Eds.). (2011). Mass Customization: Engineering and Managing Global Operations. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, M., & Vitányi, P. (2008). Inductive Reasoning. In P. Vitányi (Ed.), An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications (pp. 339–439). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 24). Exploiting Bacteria to Produce “Living Materials.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Third Expenditure Plan (GAO-01-227). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delmont, L. O. (2012). Wings pumping, wings stilled [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, July 23). Close Encounters of the Human Kind. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Qiu, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fitoussi & Bourdon, 2012; Qiu, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fitoussi & Bourdon, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Vukusic et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dasgupta et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors
AbbreviationAviat. Psychol. Appl. Hum. Factors
ISSN (print)2192-0923
ISSN (online)2192-0931

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