How to format your references using the Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Podos, J. (2001). Correlated evolution of morphology and vocal signal structure in Darwin’s finches. Nature, 409(6817), 185–188.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boles, M. A., & Talapin, D. V. (2014). Chemistry. Connecting the dots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6190), 1340–1341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lowman, M., D’Avanzo, C., & Brewer, C. (2009). Ecology. A national ecological network for research and education. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5918), 1172–1173.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Backus, E. H. G., Eichler, A., Kleyn, A. W., & Bonn, M. (2005). Real-time observation of molecular motion on a surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5755), 1790–1793.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wei, J. (2012). Great Inventions that Changed the World. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Peter, C., & Beale, R. (Eds.). (2008). Affect and Emotion in Human-Computer Interaction: From Theory to Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kashef, M. M., & Altmann, J. (2012). A Cost Model for Hybrid Clouds. In K. Vanmechelen, J. Altmann, & O. F. Rana (Eds.), Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services: 8th International Workshop, GECON 2011, Paphos, Cyprus, December 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 46–60). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 17). Second Detection Heralds The Era Of Gravitational Wave Astronomy. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). VA Student Financial Aid: Potential Effect of Providing Education Tax Benefit Eligibility to Students Receiving VA Assistance (No. HEHS-00-40R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Altiparmak, F. (2008). Online Management and Mining of Heteregenous and Dynamic Time Series (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2017, June 2). For Bronx, Officer’s Indictment Makes Good on Prosecutor’s Plea for Patience. New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Podos, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Boles & Talapin, 2014; Podos, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boles & Talapin, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lowman, D’Avanzo, & Brewer, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Backus, Eichler, Kleyn, & Bonn, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors
AbbreviationAviat. Psychol. Appl. Hum. Factors
ISSN (print)2192-0923
ISSN (online)2192-0931

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