How to format your references using the Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Philander, S. G. (2010). Atmospheric science. Tilting at connections, from pole to equator. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5985), 1488–1489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shirane, M., & Nakayama, K. I. (2006). Protrudin induces neurite formation by directional membrane trafficking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 818–821.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pompilio, L., Kacelnik, A., & Behmer, S. T. (2006). State-dependent learned valuation drives choice in an invertebrate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5767), 1613–1615.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, B.-H., Wißmann, S., Hu, X.-M., Zhang, C., Huang, Y.-F., Li, C.-F., Guo, G.-C., Karlsson, A., Piilo, J., & Breuer, H.-P. (2014). Locality and universality of quantum memory effects. Scientific Reports, 4, 6327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mubarak, S. (2010). Construction Project Scheduling and Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lachapelle, J.-M. (2009). Patch Testing and Prick Testing: A Practical Guide Official Publication of the ICDRG (H. I. Maibach, J. Ring, U. Darsow, & T. Rustemeyer, Eds.; Second Edition). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hinchliffe, T. E., & Xia, Y. (2015). Developmental Distribution of the δ-Opioid Receptor in Mammalian Brains. In Y. Xia (Ed.), Neural Functions of the Delta-Opioid Receptor (pp. 89–115). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, May 14). Glowing Mice Reveal Where Quantum Dots Go. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Rail Safety: Improved Human Capital Planning Could Address Emerging Safety Oversight Challenges (GAO-14-85). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blumenfeld, D. B. (2015). Policy Making and the U.S. Response to Global HIV/AIDS [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Parker, A., & Sanger, D. E. (2016, July 27). Trump Eggs on Moscow in Hack of Clinton Email. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Philander, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Philander, 2010; Shirane & Nakayama, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shirane & Nakayama, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Pompilio et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors
AbbreviationAviat. Psychol. Appl. Hum. Factors
ISSN (print)2192-0923
ISSN (online)2192-0931

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