How to format your references using the Developmental Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Witze, A. (2015). Meteorology: California study targets rivers in the sky. Nature, 517(7535), 424–425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xue, Y., & Sherman, D. H. (2000). Alternative modular polyketide synthase expression controls macrolactone structure. Nature, 403(6769), 571–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gebelein, B., McKay, D. J., & Mann, R. S. (2004). Direct integration of Hox and segmentation gene inputs during Drosophila development. Nature, 431(7009), 653–659.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yabuki, A., Kamikawa, R., Ishikawa, S. A., Kolisko, M., Kim, E., Tanabe, A. S., … Inagki, Y. (2014). Palpitomonas bilix represents a basal cryptist lineage: insight into the character evolution in Cryptista. Scientific Reports, 4, 4641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
May, V., & Kühn, O. (2007). Charge and Energy Transfer Dynamics in Molecular Systems. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Ärlestig, H., Day, C., & Johansson, O. (Eds.). (2016). A Decade of Research on School Principals: Cases from 24 Countries (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 21). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanson, C. E. (2008). High Speed Train Noise Effects on Wildlife and Domestic Livestock. In B. Schulte-Werning, D. Thompson, P.-E. Gautier, C. Hanson, B. Hemsworth, J. Nelson, … P. de Vos (Eds.), Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems: Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Railway Noise, Munich, Germany, 4 - 8 September 2007 (pp. 26–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 21). The March Of The King Crabs: A Warning From Antarctica. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions May Help Improve Implementation and Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services (No. GAO-07-738T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dahdah, S. (2008). Modeling an infrastructure safety rating for vulnerable road users in developing countries (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loewenstein, G., & Ubel, P. (2010, July 15). Economics Behaving Badly. New York Times, p. A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Witze, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Witze, 2015; Xue & Sherman, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xue & Sherman, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Gebelein, McKay, & Mann, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yabuki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Review
AbbreviationDev. Rev.
ISSN (print)0273-2297
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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