How to format your references using the Economics of Governance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Governance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Showman AP (2014) Astrophysics: Portrait of a dynamic neighbour. Nature 505:625–626
A journal article with 2 authors
Le Goff L, Lecuit T (2009) Developmental biology. Phase transition in a cell. Science 324:1654–1655
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilkinson JJ, Simmons SF, Stoffell B (2013) How metalliferous brines line Mexican epithermal veins with silver. Sci Rep 3:2057
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang H, Zhang YN, Wu RQ, et al (2013) Understanding strong magnetostriction in Fe(100-x)Ga(x) alloys. Sci Rep 3:3521

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hogg RM, Fulk RD (2011) A Grammar of Old English. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Antuña S, Barco R (eds) (2016) Essential Techniques in Elbow Surgery. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ching W-K, Huang X, Ng MK, Siu T-K (2013) A Hidden Markov Model for Customer Classification. In: Huang X, Ng MK, Siu T-K (eds) Markov Chains: Models, Algorithms and Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 97–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Governance.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Early Humans Could Have Been Using Tools 500,000 Years Earlier Than We Thought. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Comments on Legislation To Establish a Department of Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jiang W (2010) Advanced techniques for semantic concept detection in general videos. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2014) A New Superhero Arrives to Protect the Powerless. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Showman 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Le Goff and Lecuit 2009; Showman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Le Goff and Lecuit 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Governance
AbbreviationEcon. Gov.
ISSN (print)1435-6104
ISSN (online)1435-8131
ScopeBusiness and International Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles