How to format your references using the Economics of Governance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Governance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strome S (2011) Neuroscience. Toward reprogramming gonads to brains. Science 331:292–293
A journal article with 2 authors
Zahn M, von Storch H (2010) Decreased frequency of North Atlantic polar lows associated with future climate warming. Nature 467:309–312
A journal article with 3 authors
Nagornova NS, Rizzo TR, Boyarkin OV (2012) Interplay of intra- and intermolecular H-bonding in a progressively solvated macrocyclic peptide. Science 336:320–323
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nesvorný D, Bottke WF Jr, Dones L, Levison HF (2002) The recent breakup of an asteroid in the main-belt region. Nature 417:720–771

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer G, Vovk V (2005) Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game! John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chau M, Wang GA, Zheng X, et al (eds) (2011) Intelligence and Security Informatics: Pacific Asia Workshop, PAISI 2011, Beijing, China, July 9, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zhan N, Wang S, Zhao H (2013) Formal Modelling, Analysis and Verification of Hybrid Systems. In: Liu Z, Woodcock J, Zhu H (eds) Unifying Theories of Programming and Formal Engineering Methods: International Training School on Software Engineering, Held at ICTAC 2013, Shanghai, China, August 26-30, 2013, Advanced Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 207–281

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Governance.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Incredible NASA Animation Shows A Black Hole Destroying A Star. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Computer Misuse by the Sigma Corporation, a NASA Contractor. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh DA (2019) Informed Technology Adoption Decisions Based on Innovation-Related Factors. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M, de la MERCED MJ (2017) Nordstrom Family to Consider Ways of Taking Chain Private. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strome 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Zahn and von Storch 2010; Strome 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zahn and von Storch 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Nesvorný et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Governance
AbbreviationEcon. Gov.
ISSN (print)1435-6104
ISSN (online)1435-8131
ScopeBusiness and International Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles