How to format your references using the Economics of Governance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Governance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boetius A (2005) Ocean science. Lost City life. Science 307:1420–1422
A journal article with 2 authors
White AE, Harper JW (2012) Cancer. Emerging anatomy of the BAP1 tumor suppressor system. Science 337:1463–1464
A journal article with 3 authors
Seymour RS, White CR, Gibernau M (2003) Environmental biology: heat reward for insect pollinators. Nature 426:243–244
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mills EL, Pierce KA, Jedrychowski MP, et al (2018) Accumulation of succinate controls activation of adipose tissue thermogenesis. Nature 560:102–106

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Southard TE, Marshall SD, Bonner LL (2015) Orthodontics in the Vertical Dimension. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Buntine W, Grobelnik M, Mladenić D, Shawe-Taylor J (eds) (2009) Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2009, Bled, Slovenia, September 7-11, 2009, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chaudhry A, Musani MH (2015) Utilization of CCTA for Structural Diseases. In: Feldmann EJ, Poon M (eds) Clinical Pearls in Diagnostic Cardiac Computed Tomographic Angiography. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 123–163

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Governance.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) What Can A 1.7-Million-Year-Old Hominid Fossil Teach Us About Cancer? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Intercollegiate Athletics: Compensation Varies for Selected Personnel in Athletic Departments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butts P (2017) Green Roof Vegetable Production in Three Different Growth Media. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2002) Fight Heats Up Again Over Grassy Bed of Rails. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boetius 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Boetius 2005; White and Harper 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (White and Harper 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Mills et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Governance
AbbreviationEcon. Gov.
ISSN (print)1435-6104
ISSN (online)1435-8131
ScopeBusiness and International Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles