How to format your references using the Economics of Governance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Governance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gurnett DA (2006) Obituary: James A. Van Allen (1914-2006). Nature 443:158
A journal article with 2 authors
Bada JL, Lazcano A (2002) Origin of life. Some like it hot, but not the first biomolecules. Science 296:1982–1983
A journal article with 3 authors
Aarts H, Custers R, Marien H (2008) Preparing and motivating behavior outside of awareness. Science 319:1639
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ideker T, Thorsson V, Ranish JA, et al (2001) Integrated genomic and proteomic analyses of a systematically perturbed metabolic network. Science 292:929–934

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tang C (2016) The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Saligrama V (ed) (2008) Networked Sensing Information and Control. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Ehara T (2005) Faculty Perceptions of University Governance in Japan and the United States. In: Welch A (ed) The Professoriate: Profile of a Profession. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 59–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Governance.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Swirling Cool Jet Reveals A Growing Black Hole. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) DHS Multi-Agency Operation Centers Would Benefit from Taking Further Steps to Enhance Collaboration and Coordination. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arzaga CB (2012) Homeless shelter program for the elderly in Los Angeles, California: A grant writing project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L (2006) The Windsurf’s Up On the Columbia River. New York Times F10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gurnett 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bada and Lazcano 2002; Gurnett 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bada and Lazcano 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ideker et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Governance
AbbreviationEcon. Gov.
ISSN (print)1435-6104
ISSN (online)1435-8131
ScopeBusiness and International Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles