How to format your references using the Mobile DNA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mobile DNA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Delude C. Tumorigenesis: Testing ground for cancer stem cells. Nature. 2011;480:S43-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fradkin E, Kivelson SA. Physics. Electron nematic phases proliferate. Science. 2010;327:155–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bartels A, Heinecke D, Diddams SA. 10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb. Science. 2009;326:681.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Marchetti A, Parker MS, Moccia LP, Lin EO, Arrieta AL, Ribalet F, et al. Ferritin is used for iron storage in bloom-forming marine pennate diatoms. Nature. 2009;457:467–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lesca H, Lesca N. Strategic Decisions and Weak Signals. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Kipp M, Martin J-C, Paggio P, Heylen D, editors. Multimodal Corpora: From Models of Natural Interaction to Systems and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Clack JA, Anderson JS. Early Tetrapods: Experimenting with Form and Function. In: Clack JA, Fay RR, Popper AN, editors. Evolution of the Vertebrate Ear: Evidence from the Fossil Record. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 71–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mobile DNA.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Want To Boost Vaccination? Don’t Punish Parents, Build Their Trust [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. HUD-Assisted Renters. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 May. Report No.: RCED-95-167R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McCorvey ZJ. Addressing disruptive behaviors in an After School Program classroom: The effects of the Daily Behavior Report Card [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Is Referee In Delaware River Fight. New York Times. 2007 Nov 28;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMobile DNA
AbbreviationMob. DNA
ISSN (online)1759-8753
ScopeMolecular Biology

Other styles