How to format your references using the Database citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Database. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Spurgeon, D. (2003) Canada boosts spending on science. Nature, 421, 880.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hall, P.S. and Kincaid, C. (2001) Diapiric flow at subduction zones: a recipe for rapid transport. Science, 292, 2472–2475.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wu, L.-A., Segal, D. and Brumer, P. (2013) No-go theorem for ground state cooling given initial system-thermal bath factorization. Sci. Rep., 3, 1824.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Lemma, V., D’Agostino, M., Caporaso, M.G., et al. (2013) A disorder-to-order structural transition in the COOH-tail of Fz4 determines misfolding of the L501fsX533-Fz4 mutant. Sci. Rep., 3, 2659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Morvillo, N. (2010) Science and Religion. Science and Religion; Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, (2010) .
An edited book
1.
Wang, R., Shen, E. and Gu, F. (eds.) (2008) Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics ICCN 2007: Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics. ICCN 2007 Proceedings. Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics ICCN 2007: Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics. ICCN 2007 Proceedings; Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, (2008) .
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kerr, C.I.V., Phaal, R. and Probert, D.R. (2013) Roadmapping as a Responsive Mode to Government Policy: A Goal-Orientated Approach to Realising a Vision. In Moehrle, M. G., Isenmann, R., Phaal, R. (eds.), Technology Roadmapping for Strategy and Innovation: Charting the Route to Success, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 67–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Database.

Blog post
1.
Davis, J. (2017) Robotic Sleeve Developed To Keep Failing Hearts Beating. Robotic Sleeve Developed To Keep Failing Hearts Beating https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/robotic-sleeve-developed-to-keep-failing-hearts-beating/ (accessed Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) Information Technology: Selected Agencies’ Use of Commercial Off-the-Shelf Software for Human Resources Functions. Information Technology: Selected Agencies’ Use of Commercial Off-the-Shelf Software for Human Resources Functions; AIMD-00-270; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (2000) .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ghafoori, E. (2014) Wavelet transform and neural network. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner, J. (2017) Harvey, Walker and Lagares Join the Mets’ Lengthy Injured List. Harvey, Walker and Lagares Join the Mets’ Lengthy Injured List. New York Times (2017) , B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleDatabase
AbbreviationDatabase (Oxford)
ISSN (online)1758-0463
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Information Systems

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