How to format your references using the Journal of Phycology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phycology (J. Phycol.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shelton, J. 2011. Scientists and the media must give a balanced view. Nature. 479:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scott, I.C. & Stainier, D.Y.R. 2002. Development. Fishing out a new heart. Science. 298:2141–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T., Atomi, H. & Imanaka, T. 2007. Archaeal type III RuBisCOs function in a pathway for AMP metabolism. Science. 315:1003–6.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choe, J., Lin, S., Zhang, W., Liu, Q., Wang, L., Ramirez-Moya, J., Du, P. et al. 2018. mRNA circularization by METTL3-eIF3h enhances translation and promotes oncogenesis. Nature. 561:556–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, J.-J. 2014. Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-Rock Fill DAMS. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Gottwald, F.-T., Ingensiep, H.W. & Meinhardt, M. (Eds.) 2010. Food Ethics. Springer, New York, NY. XV, 219 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Junshou, C., Wei, T., Chao, L., Guang, Z. & Jie, Y. 2014. History, Present and Future of Solar Radiation Pressure Theory. In Sun, J., Jiao, W., Wu, H. & Lu, M. [Eds.] China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings: Volume III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phycology.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Babbler Bird Speak is Remarkably Human-Like. Available At: (last accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1977. The Legality of the Release of Construction Grant Funds by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare for the University of California’s Proposed School of Dentistry. No. B-164031(5).43.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, R.D. 2008. Designing an autonomous helicopter testbed: From conception through implementation. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haskell, D.G. 2017. Springing Too Far Ahead. New York Times. SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wand 2001, Kessler 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scott and Stainier 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kinoshita et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phycology
AbbreviationJ. Phycol.
ISSN (print)0022-3646
ISSN (online)1529-8817
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

Other styles