How to format your references using the Journal of Phycology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phycology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walther, G.-R. 2007. Ecology. Tackling ecological complexity in climate impact research. Science. 315:606–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
West, P.M. & Packer, C. 2002. Sexual selection, temperature, and the lion’s mane. Science. 297:1339–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nguyen, T.D., Ehrenfreund, E. & Vardeny, Z.V. 2012. Spin-polarized light-emitting diode based on an organic bipolar spin valve. Science. 337:204–9.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ponton, F., Lebarbenchon, C., Lefèvre, T., Biron, D.G., Duneau, D., Hughes, D.P. & Thomas, F. 2006. Parasitology: parasite survives predation on its host. Nature. 440:756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mamishev, A. & Williams, S. 2010. Technical Writing for Teams. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Herbig, T. 2011. Self-Learning Speaker Identification: A System for Enhanced Speech Recognition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. XII, 172 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Satchell, S.E. & Hwang, S. 2016. Tracking Error: Ex Ante Versus Ex Post Measures. In Satchell, S. [Ed.] Asset Management: Portfolio Construction, Performance and Returns. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 54–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phycology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. Gut Instinct: How The Way You’re Born And Fed Affect Your Immune System. Available At: (last accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1988. Telecommunications: Actions Needed for Better Management of Public Safety Spectrum. No. RCED-88-173.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, A.R. 2013. Computerized physician order entry: An outlook on successful implementation among ambulatory care settings. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2009. Takeout That Moved On. New York Times. NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walther 2007).
This sentence cites two references (West and Packer 2002, Walther 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (West and Packer 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ponton et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phycology
AbbreviationJ. Phycol.
ISSN (print)0022-3646
ISSN (online)1529-8817
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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