How to format your references using the Journal of Phycology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phycology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Webb, P. 2010. Science education and literacy: imperatives for the developed and developing world. Science. 328:448–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Y.-C. & Ferguson, E.L. 2005. Spatial bistability of Dpp-receptor interactions during Drosophila dorsal-ventral patterning. Nature. 434:229–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrew, T.L., Tsai, H.-Y. & Menon, R. 2009. Confining light to deep subwavelength dimensions to enable optical nanopatterning. Science. 324:917–21.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mabalirajan, U., Rehman, R., Ahmad, T., Kumar, S., Leishangthem, G.D., Singh, S., Dinda, A.K. et al. 2013. 12/15-lipoxygenase expressed in non-epithelial cells causes airway epithelial injury in asthma. Sci. Rep. 3:1540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, D. & Prutchi, S.R. 2012. Exploring Quantum Physics Through Hands-On Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cooper, G. (Ed.) 2006. Essential Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ. XVIII, 348 p. 5 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kota, C.R. & Chaitanya, K. 2015. Noval Asynchronous Addition Architectures for Portable Applications. In Shetty, N. R., Prasad, N. H. & Nalini, N. [Eds.] Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications: ERCICA 2015, Volume 1. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phycology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. Scientists Discover A Lake Under The Sea: Those Who Swim There Never Come Back Alive. Available At: (last accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1997. FCC: Ka-Band Satellite Application and Licensing Procedure. No. OGC-98-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fleming, T.C. 2015. The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. 2008. Cortlandt to Offer Plan To Lower Fuel Oil Costs. New York Times. WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Webb 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Wang and Ferguson 2005, Webb 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Ferguson 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Mabalirajan et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phycology
AbbreviationJ. Phycol.
ISSN (print)0022-3646
ISSN (online)1529-8817
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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