How to format your references using the Journal of Phycology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phycology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Garra, A. 2013. Brigitte Askonas (1923-2013). Nature. 494:37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Demaine, L.J. & Fellmeth, A.X. 2003. Patent law. Natural substances and patentable inventions. Science. 300:1375–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elias, L.A.B., Wang, D.D. & Kriegstein, A.R. 2007. Gap junction adhesion is necessary for radial migration in the neocortex. Nature. 448:901–7.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schwarz, D., Matta, B.M., Shakir-Botteri, N.L. & McPheron, B.A. 2005. Host shift to an invasive plant triggers rapid animal hybrid speciation. Nature. 436:546–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nappi, E. & Peskov, V. 2013. Imaging Gaseous Detectors and Their Applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bremer, E.G., Hakenberg, J., Han, E.-H. (sam), Berrar, D. & Dubitzky, W. (Eds.) 2006. Knowledge Discovery in Life Science Literature: PAKDD 2006 International Workshop, KDLL 2006, Singapore, April 9, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. XIV, 147 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Gómez-Ruiz, S. & Hey-Hawkins, E. 2011. Metal Complexes with Anionic Polyphosphorus Chains as Potential Precursors for the Synthesis of Metal Phosphides. In Peruzzini, M. & Gonsalvi, L. [Eds.] Phosphorus Compounds: Advanced Tools in Catalysis and Material Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 85–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phycology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. No, There Was No Special Facebook Live Feed From The ISS Today. Available At: (last accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1982. Use of Federal Employees as Personal Aides to Federal Officials in Selected Departments and Agencies. No. FPCD-82-52.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford, J. 2010. What is old is new again: The role of discontinuity in nostalgia-related consumption. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. 2016. Henry Green’s (Latest) Comeback. New York Times. BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Garra 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Demaine and Fellmeth 2003, O’Garra 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Demaine and Fellmeth 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Schwarz et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phycology
AbbreviationJ. Phycol.
ISSN (print)0022-3646
ISSN (online)1529-8817
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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