How to format your references using the Journal of Phycology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phycology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. 2007. Enter the dragon. Nature. 449:502–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, W.M. & Ceci, S.J. 2005. Recruiters and academia. Academics worry about hiring “undiscovered geniuses.” Nature. 435:534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Good, S.P., Noone, D. & Bowen, G. 2015. WATER RESOURCES. Hydrologic connectivity constrains partitioning of global terrestrial water fluxes. Science. 349:175–7.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matsuo, T., Gambe, Y., Sun, Y. & Honma, I. 2014. Bipolar stacked quasi-all-solid-state lithium secondary batteries with output cell potentials of over 6 V. Sci. Rep. 4:6084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuus, M. 2013. Geopolitics and Expertise. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Gabbay, D.M. & Guenthner, F. (Eds.) 2005. Handbook of Philosophical Logic. 2nd Edition. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. XIII, 372 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Hayashi, Y. & Ikeda, M. 2006. Knowledge Level Design Support for Adaptive Learning Contents: Ontological Consideration of Knowledge Level Structure of SCORM2004 Contents. In Washio, T., Sakurai, A., Nakajima, K., Takeda, H., Tojo, S. & Yokoo, M. [Eds.] New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: Joint JSAI 2005 Workshop Post-Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phycology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2017. Evidence Of An Ancient Mega-Flood On Mars. Available At: (last accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015. Broadband: Intended Outcomes and Effectiveness of Efforts to Address Adoption Barriers Are Unclear. No. GAO-15-473.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin, J.C. 2008. Tbx18 and the epicardium in cardiac development and regenerative medicine. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. 2017. Where It’s Good to Have Four Legs. New York Times. RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Williams and Ceci 2005, Cyranoski 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Ceci 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsuo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phycology
AbbreviationJ. Phycol.
ISSN (print)0022-3646
ISSN (online)1529-8817
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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