How to format your references using the Journal of Phycology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phycology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koshland, D.E., Jr 2007. Philosophy of science. The Cha-Cha-Cha Theory of Scientific Discovery. Science. 317:761–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wen, L. & Tang, F. 2015. Computational biology: How to catch rare cell types. Nature. 525:197–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rafkin, S.C.R., Sta Maria, M.R.V. & Michaels, T.I. 2002. Simulation of the atmospheric thermal circulation of a martian volcano using a mesoscale numerical model. Nature. 419:697–9.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hu, L., Mateo, P., Ye, M., Zhang, X., Berset, J.D., Handrick, V., Radisch, D. et al. 2018. Plant iron acquisition strategy exploited by an insect herbivore. Science. 361:694–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed, J. & Hakonen, H. 2017. Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hughes, D. 2016. The New Music Industries: Disruption and Discovery. Springer International Publishing, Cham. XIX, 137 p. 11 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Telysheva, G., Dizhbite, T., Andersone, A. & Volperts, A. 2008. Adsorption Behaviour of Lignosulphonates on the Interfaces Water–Inorganic/Organic Solids, Used for Paper Production. In Mota, J. P. & Lyubchik, S. [Eds.] Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phycology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Take An Interactive Tour Through The Largest Cave In The World. Available At: (last accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1985. Status of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Modernization Program. No. NSIAD-85-78.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sontag, M. 2006. Emotion and the Labeling Process. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koshland 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Koshland 2007, Wen and Tang 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wen and Tang 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phycology
AbbreviationJ. Phycol.
ISSN (print)0022-3646
ISSN (online)1529-8817
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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