How to format your references using the Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M (2015) Treatment: When less is more. Nature 528:S126-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Gehring WJ, Willoughby AR (2002) The medial frontal cortex and the rapid processing of monetary gains and losses. Science 295:2279–2282
A journal article with 3 authors
Kryazhimskiy S, Draghi JA, Plotkin JB (2011) Evolution. In evolution, the sum is less than its parts. Science 332:1160–1161
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rossi SW, Jenkinson WE, Anderson G, Jenkinson EJ (2006) Clonal analysis reveals a common progenitor for thymic cortical and medullary epithelium. Nature 441:988–991

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girmscheid G (2013) Bauprozesse und Bauverfahren des Tunnelbaus. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Ye J, Cundiff ST (eds) (2005) Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Van Bendegem JP (2016) Logic and Argumentation in Belgium: The Role of Leo Apostel. In: Abeles FF, Fuller ME (eds) Modern Logic 1850-1950, East and West. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 99–118

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Sweden Won’t Become Carbon-Free If It Ditches Its Nuclear Power. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/sweden-wont-become-carbonfree-if-it-ditches-its-nuclear-power/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) ADP Planning: Allegations of Inadequate Procurements at the National Archives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevenson CL (2008) Availability and seasonal use of diurnal roosts by Rafinesque’s big-eared bat and southeastern myotis in bottomland hardwoods of Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2017) To Herald a Film, a Comic Strip Mirrors the Ravages of Climate Change. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gehring and Willoughby 2002; Wadman 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gehring and Willoughby 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Rossi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
AbbreviationMitig. Adapt. Strateg. Glob. Chang.
ISSN (print)1381-2386
ISSN (online)1573-1596
ScopeEcology
Global and Planetary Change

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