How to format your references using the Financial Markets and Portfolio Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Financial Markets and Portfolio Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gwynne, P.: Microbiology: There’s gold in them there bugs. Nature. 495, S12-3 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Tercero, J.A., Diffley, J.F.: Regulation of DNA replication fork progression through damaged DNA by the Mec1/Rad53 checkpoint. Nature. 412, 553–557 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Heywood, K.J., Naveira Garabato, A.C., Stevens, D.P.: High mixing rates in the abyssal Southern Ocean. Nature. 415, 1011–1014 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kuroda, D.G., Singh, C.P., Peng, Z., Kleiman, V.D.: Mapping excited-state dynamics by coherent control of a dendrimer’s photoemission efficiency. Science. 326, 263–267 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A.: Network Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Andò, B., Siciliano, P., Marletta, V., Monteriù, A. eds: Ambient Assisted Living: Italian Forum 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Myreen, M.O., Curello, G.: Proof Pearl: A Verified Bignum Implementation in x86-64 Machine Code. In: Gonthier, G. and Norrish, M. (eds.) Certified Programs and Proofs: Third International Conference, CPP 2013, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, December 11-13, 2013, Proceedings. pp. 66–81. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Financial Markets and Portfolio Management.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Amazonian Frog Pretends To Be An Ant


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Problems in the Federal Funding of School Bus Driver Training Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1977)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzalez, R.: A mentoring program for Latino foster youth: A grant proposal, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.: Scouting Report, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gwynne 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gwynne 2013; Tercero and Diffley 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tercero and Diffley 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuroda et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFinancial Markets and Portfolio Management
ISSN (print)1934-4554
ISSN (online)2373-8529

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