How to format your references using the MIS Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for MIS Quarterly (MISQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayawardhana, R. 2004. “Astronomy. Unraveling Brown Dwarf Origins,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (303:5656), pp. 322–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olsen, A., and Ninnemann, U. 2010. “Large Delta13C Gradients in the Preindustrial North Atlantic Revealed,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (330:6004), pp. 658–659.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weber, J. N., Peterson, B. K., and Hoekstra, H. E. 2013. “Discrete Genetic Modules Are Responsible for Complex Burrow Evolution in Peromyscus Mice,” Nature (493:7432), pp. 402–405.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Laurberg, M., Asahara, H., Korostelev, A., Zhu, J., Trakhanov, S., and Noller, H. F. 2008. “Structural Basis for Translation Termination on the 70S Ribosome,” Nature (454:7206), pp. 852–857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, L. S., Simões, R., and Gervásio, H. 2012. Design of Steel Structures, Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Gollmann, D., Meier, J., and Sabelfeld, A. (eds.). 2006. Computer Security – ESORICS 2006: 11th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Hamburg, Germany, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings, (Vol. 4189), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pruvost, G., Heinroth, T., Bellik, Y., and Minker, W. 2011. “User Interaction Adaptation within Ambient Environments,” in Next Generation Intelligent Environments: Ambient Adaptive Systems, Wolfgang Minker and Tobias Heinroth (eds.), New York, NY: Springer, pp. 153–194.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for MIS Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Can Crows Be Trained To Pick Up Litter?,” IFLScience, IFLScience, March 21. (, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. “Transition From School to Work: Linking Education and Worksite Training,” No. HRD-91-105, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 2.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldner, B. W. 2013. “Determining Relationships Between Technology Acceptance and Employee Attitudes Toward Automated Workflows in the Oil Industry,” Doctoral dissertation, Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Schilling, M. K. 2017. “The Accidental Tourist,” New York Times, p. M2106.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayawardhana 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jayawardhana 2004; Olsen and Ninnemann 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olsen and Ninnemann 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Laurberg et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMIS Quarterly
AbbreviationMIS Q
ISSN (print)0276-7783
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management

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