How to format your references using the MIS Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for MIS Quarterly (MISQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dehgan, A. 2012. “Creating the New Development Ecosystem,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (336:6087), pp. 1397–1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trent, J. M., and Touchman, J. W. 2007. “Cancer. The Gene Topography of Cancer,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (318:5853), pp. 1079–1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deslauriers, L., Schelew, E., and Wieman, C. 2011. “Improved Learning in a Large-Enrollment Physics Class,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (332:6031), pp. 862–864.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakamura, K., Fujii, W., Tsuboi, M., Tanihata, J., Teramoto, N., Takeuchi, S., Naito, K., Yamanouchi, K., and Nishihara, M. 2014. “Generation of Muscular Dystrophy Model Rats with a CRISPR/Cas System,” Scientific Reports (4), p. 5635.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waye, J. D., Aisenberg, J., and Rubin, P. H. 2013. Practical Colonoscopy, Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Sundaram, H., Naphade, M., Smith, J. R., and Rui, Y. (eds.). 2006. Image and Video Retrieval: 5th International Conference, CIVR 2006, Tempe, AZ, USA, July 13-15, 2006. Proceedings, (Vol. 4071), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Albert, E., Genaim, S., and Gordillo, P. 2015. “May-Happen-in-Parallel Analysis for Asynchronous Programs with Inter-Procedural Synchronization,” in Static Analysis: 22nd International Symposium, SAS 2015, Saint-Malo, France, September 9-11, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, S. Blazy and T. Jensen (eds.), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 72–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for MIS Quarterly.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. “Watch Live As Three Astronauts Return To Earth Tonight,” IFLScience, IFLScience, September 6. (, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. “FCC: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services Licensees,” No. OGC-98-43, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 23.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park, J. K. 2012. “Target Identification, Therapeutic Application and Maturation Mechanism of MicroRNAs,” Doctoral dissertation, Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. 2017. “A Hospital, Once Afloat, Is Buoyant With Over a Century of Memories,” New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dehgan 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dehgan 2012; Trent and Touchman 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trent and Touchman 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakamura et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMIS Quarterly
AbbreviationMIS Q
ISSN (print)0276-7783
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management

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