How to format your references using the MIS Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for MIS Quarterly (MISQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meibom, A. 2008. “Geochemistry. The Rise and Fall of a Great Idea,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (319:5862), pp. 418–419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Winograd, I. J., and Roseboom, E. H., Jr. 2008. “Nuclear Waste. Yucca Mountain Revisited,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (320:5882), pp. 1426–1427.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuang, Y.-C., Wu, J.-Y., and Lin, M.-F. 2013. “Electric Field Dependence of Excitation Spectra in AB-Stacked Bilayer Graphene,” Scientific Reports (3), p. 1368.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kumagai, H., Ohminato, T., Nakano, M., Ooi, M., Kubo, A., Inoue, H., and Oikawa, J. 2001. “Very-Long-Period Seismic Signals and Caldera Formation at Miyake Island, Japan,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (293:5530), pp. 687–690.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cunningham, V. 2011. Victorian Poetry Now, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Grant, E., Kotzinos, D., Laurent, D., Spyratos, N., and Tanaka, Y. (eds.). 2016. Information Search, Integration, and Personalization: 10th International Workshop, ISIP 2015, Grand Forks, ND, USA, October 1-2, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, (Vol. 622), Communications in Computer and Information Science, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Borghese, F., Denti, P., and Saija, R. 2007. “Multipole Expansions and Transition Matrix,” in Scattering from Model Nonspherical Particles: Theory and Applications to Environmental Physics, Physics of Earth and Space Environments, P. Denti and R. Saija (eds.), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 73–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for MIS Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Tool Use in Dolphins Has Shaped Their Genetic Make Up,” IFLScience, IFLScience, March 19. (, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. “A List of Selected GAO Publications Containing Checklists or Guidance on Computer Software Topics,” No. 125250, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzales, M. 2017. “Examining Institutional Career Preparation: Student Perceptions of Their Workplace Readiness and the Role of the University in Student Career Development,” Doctoral dissertation, Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. 2014. “Stitching Together Yarn, Memory and History,” New York Times, p. WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meibom 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Meibom 2008; Winograd and Roseboom 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Winograd and Roseboom 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kumagai et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMIS Quarterly
AbbreviationMIS Q
ISSN (print)0276-7783
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management

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