How to format your references using the MIS Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for MIS Quarterly (MISQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
La Madeleine, B. L. 2007. “Lost in Translation,” Nature (445:7126), pp. 454–455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lynch, M., and Conery, J. S. 2003. “The Origins of Genome Complexity,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (302:5649), pp. 1401–1404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mo, Y., Turner, K. T., and Szlufarska, I. 2009. “Friction Laws at the Nanoscale,” Nature (457:7233), pp. 1116–1119.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harrison, S. P., Yu, G., Takahara, H., and Prentice, I. C. 2001. “Palaeovegetation. Diversity of Temperate Plants in East Asia,” Nature (413:6852), pp. 129–130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tikhomirov, V. V. 2016. Hydrogeochemistry Fundamentals and Advances, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hutchinson, T. A. (ed.). 2011. Whole Person Care: A New Paradigm for the 21st Century, (1st ed.), New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
AbuZeina, D., and Elshafei, M. 2012. “Modeling of Arabic Cross-Word Pronunciation Variations,” in Cross-Word Modeling for Arabic Speech Recognition, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering, M. Elshafei (ed.), Boston, MA: Springer US, pp. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for MIS Quarterly.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. “Earliest Case of Leprosy in the UK Found in 1,500-Year-Old Skeleton,” IFLScience, IFLScience, May 18. (, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. “DOD Overseas Schools: Additional Assurances of Educational Quality Needed,” No. HRD-90-13, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malekian, A. 2009. “Combinatorial Problems in Online Advertising,” Doctoral dissertation, Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. 2017. “Paradise,” New York Times, p. C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (La Madeleine 2007).
This sentence cites two references (La Madeleine 2007; Lynch and Conery 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lynch and Conery 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Harrison et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMIS Quarterly
AbbreviationMIS Q
ISSN (print)0276-7783
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management

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