How to format your references using the MIS Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for MIS Quarterly (MISQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bredas, J.-L. 2014. “Applied Physics. When Electrons Leave Holes in Organic Solar Cells,” Science (New York, N.Y.) (343:6170), pp. 492–493.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller, B., and Sheen, J. 2008. “Cytokinin and Auxin Interaction in Root Stem-Cell Specification during Early Embryogenesis,” Nature (453:7198), pp. 1094–1097.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mei, L., Chen, Y., and Ma, J. 2014. “Gas Sensing of SnO2 Nanocrystals Revisited: Developing Ultra-Sensitive Sensors for Detecting the H2S Leakage of Biogas,” Scientific Reports (4), p. 6028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bahram, M., Hildebrand, F., Forslund, S. K., Anderson, J. L., Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Bodegom, P. M., Bengtsson-Palme, J., Anslan, S., Coelho, L. P., Harend, H., Huerta-Cepas, J., Medema, M. H., Maltz, M. R., Mundra, S., Olsson, P. A., Pent, M., Põlme, S., Sunagawa, S., Ryberg, M., Tedersoo, L., and Bork, P. 2018. “Structure and Function of the Global Topsoil Microbiome,” Nature (560:7717), pp. 233–237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattone, J., and Vaidya, N. 2016. Cultural Transformations, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Alexandrov, V., Gajdusek, M. F., Knight, C. G., and Yotova, A. (eds.). 2010. Global Environmental Change: Challenges to Science and Society in Southeastern Europe: Selected Papers Presented in the International Conference Held 19-21 May 2008 in Sofia Bulgaria, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams, C. 2016. “Social Work Research and the City,” in Social Work and the City: Urban Themes in 21st-Century Social Work, C. Williams (ed.), London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 97–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for MIS Quarterly.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. 2017. “These Are Some Of The Most Stunning Medical Images Of The Year,” IFLScience, IFLScience, March 7. (, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. “Cooperative Extension Service’s Mission and Federal Role Need Congressional Clarification,” No. CED-81-119, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 21.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nauman, T. 2009. “Digital Soil-Landscape Classification for Soil Survey Using ASTER Satellite and Digital Elevation Data in Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona,” Doctoral dissertation, Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2001. “New Bus Shelters on the Way, Customized for Your Corner,” New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bredas 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bredas 2014; Müller and Sheen 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Müller and Sheen 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Bahram et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMIS Quarterly
AbbreviationMIS Q
ISSN (print)0276-7783
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management

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