How to format your references using the Journal of Soils and Sediments citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soils and Sediments. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eldridge JJ (2014) Astrophysics: Windy stars that go with a bang. Nature 509:431–432
A journal article with 2 authors
Davies IW, Welch CJ (2009) Looking forward in pharmaceutical process chemistry. Science 325:701–704
A journal article with 3 authors
Schröter C, Kosma K, Schultz T (2011) CRASY: mass- or electron-correlated rotational alignment spectroscopy. Science 333:1011–1015
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gaucher EA, Thomson JM, Burgan MF, Benner SA (2003) Inferring the palaeoenvironment of ancient bacteria on the basis of resurrected proteins. Nature 425:285–288

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aksamija A (2016) Integrating Innovation in Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Zhang T-C, Ouyang P, Kaplan S, Skarnes B (eds) (2014) Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Applied Biotechnology (ICAB 2012): Volume 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao Y, Yi C, Kong SG, et al (2016) Multi-band Polarization Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function. In: Yi C, Kong SG, Pan Q, Cheng Y (eds) Multi-band Polarization Imaging and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soils and Sediments.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Prince’s Death From Fentanyl Is Only The Tip Of The Global Overdose Iceberg. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Why NASA’s Property Accounting and Control System Should Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu J (2010) Measurement, modeling, and synthesis of time-varying appearance of natural phenomena. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G (2012) Phantasmagoric Glimpses of Beauty Amid All of the Messiness. New York Times 0

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eldridge 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Davies and Welch 2009; Eldridge 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davies and Welch 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gaucher et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soils and Sediments
AbbreviationJ. Soils Sediments
ISSN (print)1439-0108
ISSN (online)1614-7480
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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