How to format your references using the Journal of Soils and Sediments citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soils and Sediments (J Soils Sediments). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Booth BB (2015) Climate change. Why the Pacific is cool. Science 347:952
A journal article with 2 authors
Page J, Ware M (2015) Perspective: Close the knowledge gap. Nature 525:S9
A journal article with 3 authors
Piscitelli CL, Krishnamurthy H, Gouaux E (2010) Neurotransmitter/sodium symporter orthologue LeuT has a single high-affinity substrate site. Nature 468:1129–1132
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Borozdin KN, Hogan GE, Morris C, et al (2003) Surveillance: Radiographic imaging with cosmic-ray muons. Nature 422:277

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr A (2009) Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Banik BK (ed) (2013) β-Lactams: Unique Structures of Distinction for Novel Molecules. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Edwards RG (2007) From Adult Education to Lifelong Learning and Back Again. In: Aspin DN (ed) Philosophical Perspectives on Lifelong Learning. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 70–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soils and Sediments.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Pod Escapes From Facility In Town Infamous For Bloody Dolphin Slaughters. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) NASA: Compliance with Cost Limits. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCourt SB (2008) A phenomenological study of anticipated housing, healthcare, and biopsychosocial needs of aging female baby boomers. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) Glimpses of Vanishing Harlem. New York Times MB7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Randolph 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Page and Ware 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Buskila et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soils and Sediments
AbbreviationJ. Soils Sediments
ISSN (print)1439-0108
ISSN (online)1614-7480
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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