How to format your references using the Journal of Soils and Sediments citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soils and Sediments. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk JB (2006) Behavior. Who are more helpful, humans or chimpanzees? Science 311:1248–1249
A journal article with 2 authors
Schuur EAG, Abbott B (2011) Climate change: High risk of permafrost thaw. Nature 480:32–33
A journal article with 3 authors
Obata Y, Kono T, Hatada I (2002) Gene silencing: maturation of mouse fetal germ cells in vitro. Nature 418:497
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bartels C, Hock C, Huwer J, et al (2009) Probing the angular momentum character of the valence orbitals of free sodium nanoclusters. Science 323:1323–1327

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexander M, Walkenbach J (2012) 101 Ready-to-Use Excel® Macros. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Li L (2011) Group Search Optimization for Applications in Structural Design. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pinder J (2011) A Lady’s Guide to Salvation: The Miroir des dames Compilation. In: Green K, Mews C (eds) Virtue Ethics for Women 1250-1500. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 45–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soils and Sediments.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) What Is the Great Attractor And Its Pull On Our Galaxy? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Ownership by Minority, Female, and Disadvantaged Firms in the Pipeline Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Popoveniuc S (2009) A framework for secure mixnet-based electronic voting. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2008) On Court That Defied Labeling, Kennedy Made the Boldest Mark. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silk 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Silk 2006; Schuur and Abbott 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schuur and Abbott 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Bartels et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soils and Sediments
AbbreviationJ. Soils Sediments
ISSN (print)1439-0108
ISSN (online)1614-7480
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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