How to format your references using the Journal of Soils and Sediments citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soils and Sediments. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D (2003) Safety doubts force rethink of embattled comet mission. Nature 421:198
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato T, Clevers H (2013) Growing self-organizing mini-guts from a single intestinal stem cell: mechanism and applications. Science 340:1190–1194
A journal article with 3 authors
Grover T, Sheng DN, Vishwanath A (2014) Emergent space-time supersymmetry at the boundary of a topological phase. Science 344:280–283
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pei Z, Shi G, Kondo S, et al (2013) Adenovirus vectors lacking virus-associated RNA expression enhance shRNA activity to suppress hepatitis C virus replication. Sci Rep 3:3575

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davino C, Furno M, Vistocco D (2014) Quantile Regression: Theory and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Beham B, Straub C, Schwalbach J (eds) (2012) Managing Diversity in Organizations. Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden
A chapter in an edited book
Niolu C, Siracusano A (2014) Psychological Issues in Improving Adherence and Alliance. In: Vita A, Siracusano A, Fleischhacker W (eds) Adherence to Antipsychotics in Schizophrenia. Springer, Milano, pp 139–156

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soils and Sediments.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Unstoppable Robo-Roach Can Get Around Any Obstacle. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shendge PN (2017) Improvement in Estimation of Carrier Frequency Offset in Wireless Networks. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S (2014) Blood in the Tracks. New York Times MM30

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2003; Sato and Clevers 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sato and Clevers 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pei et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soils and Sediments
AbbreviationJ. Soils Sediments
ISSN (print)1439-0108
ISSN (online)1614-7480
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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