How to format your references using the Journal of Soils and Sediments citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soils and Sediments. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rak J (2015) Cancer: Organ-seeking vesicles. Nature 527:312–314
A journal article with 2 authors
Bada JL, Lazcano A (2003) Perceptions of science. Prebiotic soup--revisiting the Miller experiment. Science 300:745–746
A journal article with 3 authors
Jaffer H, Adjei IM, Labhasetwar V (2013) Optical imaging to map blood-brain barrier leakage. Sci Rep 3:3117
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim J, Wu H-H, Lander AD, et al (2005) GDF11 controls the timing of progenitor cell competence in developing retina. Science 308:1927–1930

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarman KH (2015) Beyond Basic Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Holmes JH, Bellazzi R, Sacchi L, Peek N (eds) (2015) Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 15th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2015, Pavia, Italy, June 17-20, 2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenkrantz GS (2013) The Metaphysics of Persons. In: Turri J (ed) Virtuous Thoughts: The Philosophy of Ernest Sosa. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soils and Sediments.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) NASA’s Budget For 2017 Has Passed A Huge Hurdle. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Freight Transportation: National Policy and Strategies Can Help Improve Freight Mobility. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailoor S (2016) Implicit-Explicit Time stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tankersley J (2017) Economist Says Benefits Of Tax Cut Were Inflated. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rak 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bada and Lazcano 2003; Rak 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bada and Lazcano 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soils and Sediments
AbbreviationJ. Soils Sediments
ISSN (print)1439-0108
ISSN (online)1614-7480
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles