How to format your references using the Journal of Soils and Sediments citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soils and Sediments. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2002) Mouse genome: The real deal. Nature 420:456–457
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown LS, Lankford WF (2015) Sustainability: Clean cooking empowers women. Nature 521:284–285
A journal article with 3 authors
Ichimura T, Fujiwara K, Tanaka H (2014) Dual field effects in electrolyte-gated spinel ferrite: electrostatic carrier doping and redox reactions. Sci Rep 4:5818
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van de Loosdrecht M, Bouzouggar A, Humphrey L, et al (2018) Pleistocene North African genomes link Near Eastern and sub-Saharan African human populations. Science 360:548–552

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D (2014) Thermo-Hydrodynamic Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Homma I, Onimaru H, Fukuchi Y (eds) (2010) New Frontiers in Respiratory Control: XIth Annual Oxford Conference on Modeling and Control of Breathing, 1st edn. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Park J-W (2016) rTMS in Dysphagia After Stroke. In: Platz T (ed) Therapeutic rTMS in Neurology: Principles, Evidence, and Practice Recommendations. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soils and Sediments.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Mothers Predominately Cradling Infants On Their Left May Have A Deep Evolutionary Origin. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Business Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Customer Account Data Engine Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brecese JA (2012) Out of Our Depth: Hyper-Extensionality and the Return of Three-Dimensional Media. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J, Isaac M (2016) Counting Views Is Not as Easy as 1, 2, 3. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2002; Brown and Lankford 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Lankford 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (van de Loosdrecht et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soils and Sediments
AbbreviationJ. Soils Sediments
ISSN (print)1439-0108
ISSN (online)1614-7480
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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