How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Conference Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Conference Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford H 2007 Cheap at any price? Nature 447 131
A journal article with 2 authors
Bornholdt Z A and Prasad B V V 2008 X-ray structure of NS1 from a highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus Nature 456 985–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Navrotsky A, Mazeina L and Majzlan J 2008 Size-driven structural and thermodynamic complexity in iron oxides Science 319 1635–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Inui M, Miyado M, Igarashi M, Tamano M, Kubo A, Yamashita S, Asahara H, Fukami M and Takada S 2014 Rapid generation of mouse models with defined point mutations by the CRISPR/Cas9 system Sci. Rep. 4 5396

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond N 2013 Between Skins (Oxford: John Wiley & Sons)
An edited book
Kerkhove B van and Bendegem J P van 2007 Perspectives On Mathematical Practices: Bringing Together Philosophy of Mathematics, Sociology of Mathematics, and Mathematics Education vol 5 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Sandercock L 2009 What Is a Neighbourhood House? Where Strangers Become Neighbours: Integrating Immigrants in Vancouver, Canada ed G Attili (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 115–21

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Bizarre Newly Discovered “Platypus” Dinosaur Baffles Scientists IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2009 V-22 Osprey Aircraft: Assessments Needed to Address Operational and Cost Concerns to Define Future Investments (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Washington S 2010 Counseling students ability to diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J 2016 The Mets Blow a Lead, but a Hunch Pays Off New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Conference Series
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Conf. Ser.
ISSN (print)1742-6588
ISSN (online)1742-6596
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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