How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Conference Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Conference Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deech R 2008 30 years: from IVF to stem cells Nature 454 280–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Newman J R S and Keating A E 2003 Comprehensive identification of human bZIP interactions with coiled-coil arrays Science 300 2097–101
A journal article with 3 authors
James L C, Roversi P and Tawfik D S 2003 Antibody multispecificity mediated by conformational diversity Science 299 1362–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Coursol S, Fan L-M, Le Stunff H, Spiegel S, Gilroy S and Assmann S M 2003 Sphingolipid signalling in Arabidopsis guard cells involves heterotrimeric G proteins Nature 423 651–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodhew S 2016 Sustainable Construction Processes (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Angeles J, Boulet B, Clark J J, Kövecses J and Siddiqi K 2010 Brain, Body and Machine: Proceedings of an International Symposium on the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the McGill University Centre for Intelligent Machines vol 83 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Motschnig-Pitrik R and Nykl L 2013 An Interactive Cognitive-Emotional Model of the Person-Centered Approach Interdisciplinary Handbook of the Person-Centered Approach: Research and Theory ed J H D Cornelius-White, R Motschnig-Pitrik and M Lux (New York, NY: Springer) pp 37–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Blog post
Hale T 2017 Scientists Want To Study LSD Microdosing For The First Time, But They Need Your Help IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1978 Proposal for Replacement of Indian Health Service Hospital (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hirschy M A 2015 Differences in usage of federally funded insurance options by women Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J 2016 A Laugh Factory Looks Back New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Conference Series
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Conf. Ser.
ISSN (print)1742-6588
ISSN (online)1742-6596
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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