How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Conference Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Conference Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kolaja K 2012 Drug discovery: computer model predicts side effects Nature 486 326–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Evenson R E and Gollin D 2003 Assessing the impact of the green revolution, 1960 to 2000 Science 300 758–62
A journal article with 3 authors
Peng Y, Maiolino R and Cochrane R 2015 Strangulation as the primary mechanism for shutting down star formation in galaxies Nature 521 192–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Shin D, Lee E-J, Huang H and Groisman E A 2006 A positive feedback loop promotes transcription surge that jump-starts Salmonella virulence circuit Science 314 1607–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage J-P and Mori Y 2013 Sonar and Underwater Acoustics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Parrotta J A and Trosper R L 2012 Traditional Forest-Related Knowledge: Sustaining Communities, Ecosystems and Biocultural Diversity vol 12 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Byers M, Starkey K and Mahoney P F 2011 How Guns Work Ryan’s Ballistic Trauma: A Practical Guide ed A J Brooks, J Clasper, M Midwinter, T J Hodgetts and P F Mahoney (London: Springer) pp 23–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 Steadfast Seabirds are Fleeing Their Ancestral Homes in Mexico and Heading to California IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1970 Administration of Payroll Matters for Civilian Employees, Marine Corps Development and Education Command (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jaffer S 2013 Harnessing innovation in the 21st century: the impact of leadership styles Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B 2017 A Celebrity’s-Eye View of War New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Conference Series
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Conf. Ser.
ISSN (print)1742-6588
ISSN (online)1742-6596
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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