How to format your references using the Mineralium Deposita citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mineralium Deposita. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stocker R (2012) Marine microbes see a sea of gradients. Science 338:628–633
A journal article with 2 authors
Pera M, Trounson A (2013) Cloning debate: Stem-cell researchers must stay engaged. Nature 498:159–161
A journal article with 3 authors
Togashi T, Sasaki H, Yoshimura J (2014) A geometrical approach explains Lake Ball (Marimo) formations in the green alga, Aegagropila linnaei. Sci Rep 4:3761
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Straight AF, Cheung A, Limouze J, et al (2003) Dissecting temporal and spatial control of cytokinesis with a myosin II Inhibitor. Science 299:1743–1747

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fleming P, Lee R (2016) Orthodontic Functional Appliances. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Malhotra R (ed) (2013) Fossil Energy: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Denhart M, Villwock R, Vedder R (2010) The Academics–Athletics Trade-Off: Universities and Intercollegiate Athletics. In: Hall JC (ed) Doing More with Less: Making Colleges Work Better. Springer, New York, NY, pp 95–136

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mineralium Deposita.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Three Dogs Had A Nasty Run-In With A Porcupine. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Airline Deregulation: Barriers to Entry Continue to Limit Competition in Several Key Domestic Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Campbell AB (2015) An analysis of the demography and habitat usage of Roatán’s spiny-tailed iguana, Ctenosaura oedirhina. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2017) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stocker 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Stocker 2012; Pera and Trounson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pera and Trounson 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Straight et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMineralium Deposita
AbbreviationMiner. Deposita
ISSN (print)0026-4598
ISSN (online)1432-1866
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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