How to format your references using the Mineralium Deposita citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mineralium Deposita. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2000) Global-warming sceptics left out in the cold. Nature 403:233
A journal article with 2 authors
Watkins NW, Freeman MP (2008) Geoscience. Natural complexity. Science 320:323–324
A journal article with 3 authors
Inoue M, Tanimoto M, Oda Y (2013) The role of ear stone size in hair cell acoustic sensory transduction. Sci Rep 3:2114
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Erb K-H, Kastner T, Plutzar C, et al (2018) Unexpectedly large impact of forest management and grazing on global vegetation biomass. Nature 553:73–76

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhaduri S, Mukesh D (2014) Homogeneous Catalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lü Q (2014) General Pontryagin-Type Stochastic Maximum Principle and Backward Stochastic Evolution Equations in Infinite Dimensions. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Cai G, Chen BM, Lee TH (2011) Measurement Signal Enhancement. In: Chen BM, Lee TH (eds) Unmanned Rotorcraft Systems. Springer, London, pp 83–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mineralium Deposita.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Century-Old Mystery of Epic Eel Migration Solved. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Federal Communications Commission: Direct Broadcast Satellite Public Interest Obligations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckingham T (2012) Every teacher an English teacher? Literacy strategy teaching and research in the content area of science education. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Semple K, Chen DW (2015) In Skelos Case, a Son Whose Life Seemed to Lose Traction Early. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2000; Watkins and Freeman 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watkins and Freeman 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Erb et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMineralium Deposita
AbbreviationMiner. Deposita
ISSN (print)0026-4598
ISSN (online)1432-1866
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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