How to format your references using the Clinical Microbiology and Infection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Microbiology and Infection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
McKinnon WB. Journal club. A planetary scientist has big hopes for a little world. Nature 2008;456:425.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Menand T, Tait SR. A phenomenological model for precursor volcanic eruptions. Nature 2001;411:678–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Tilmann F, Ni J, INDEPTH III Seismic Team. Seismic imaging of the downwelling Indian lithosphere beneath central Tibet. Science 2003;300:1424–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Fehér O, Wang H, Saar S, Mitra PP, Tchernichovski O. De novo establishment of wild-type song culture in the zebra finch. Nature 2009;459:564–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rieth M, Krämer N. Hygiene in der Arzneimittelproduktion. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Stroszczynski C, editor. Minimally Invasive Tumor Therapies. vol. 167. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Revoredo K, Ochoa-Luna JE, Cozman FG. Learning Terminologies in Probabilistic Description Logics. In: Rocha Costa AC da, Vicari RM, Tonidandel F, editors. Advances in Artificial Intelligence – SBIA 2010: 20th Brazilian Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil, October 23-28, 2010. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Microbiology and Infection.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Create Artificial Neuron that Functions Like the Real Thing. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-create-artificial-neuron-functions-real-thing/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Export Controls: International Space Station Technology Transfers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Smith SM. The Relationship Between Political Affiliation and Student Achievement in the Areas of Reading and Mathematics, with Respect to Black Students. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Paulson M. Idina Menzel Chooses An Off Broadway Stage. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Microbiology and Infection
AbbreviationClin. Microbiol. Infect.
ISSN (print)1198-743X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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