How to format your references using the Military Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Military Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Home and away. Nature, 432(7013), 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucht, M., & Rosskopf, D. (2008). Comment on “Genetically determined differences in learning from errors.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5886), 200; author reply 200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grigoryan, G., Reinke, A. W., & Keating, A. E. (2009). Design of protein-interaction specificity gives selective bZIP-binding peptides. Nature, 458(7240), 859–864.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kakazu, E., Kondo, Y., Kogure, T., Ninomiya, M., Kimura, O., Ueno, Y., & Shimosegawa, T. (2013). Plasma amino acids imbalance in cirrhotic patients disturbs the tricarboxylic acid cycle of dendritic cell. Scientific Reports, 3, 3459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pettit, J. (2017). The Final Frontier. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ozyigit, G., Selek, U., & Topkan, E. (Eds.). (2016). Principles and Practice of Radiotherapy Techniques in Thoracic Malignancies. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gentili, G., & Di Napoli, M. (2015). Digit II, III – Wrist, Elbow; Digit II, III – Wrist. In M. Di Napoli (Ed.), The Median Nerve: Sensory Conduction Studies (pp. 19–25). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Military Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 15). Monkeys In South America Are Almost All Colour Blind And No One Knows Why. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Spending Grant Funds More Efficiently Could Save Millions (PSAD-80-58). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bortle, C. D. (2010). The role of mnemonic acronyms in clinical emergency medicine: A grounded theory study [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, August 8). Machines. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lucht & Rosskopf, 2008; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lucht & Rosskopf, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Grigoryan et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kakazu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMilitary Psychology
AbbreviationMil. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0899-5605
ISSN (online)1532-7876
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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