How to format your references using the Military Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Military Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heilbron, J. L. (2002). Coming to terms. Nature, 415(6872), 585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, Z., & Bai, Y. (2007). Structural biology: analysis of protein-folding cooperativity. Nature, 445(7129), E16-7; discussion E17-8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, J. S., Rittle, J., & Peters, J. C. (2013). Catalytic conversion of nitrogen to ammonia by an iron model complex. Nature, 501(7465), 84–87.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zheng, H., Zhang, X., Zhang, Z., Tian, Y., Chen, H., Li, C., & Zhang, Y. (2013). Parametric amplification and cascaded-nonlinearity processes in common atomic system. Scientific Reports, 3, 1885.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duchon, C., & Hale, R. (2012). Time Series Analysis in Meteorology and Climatology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Foxwell, H. J. (2009). Pro OpenSolaris: A New Open Source OS for Linux Developers and Administrators (C. Tran, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Do, H., & McDonagh, D. L. (2016). Pediatric Neuroanesthesia. In A. Agrawal & G. Britz (Eds.), Pediatric Vascular Neurosurgery: Principles and Practice of Neurovascular Disorders (Part 1) (pp. 47–56). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Military Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 22). Fossilized Feces Gives Clues To Ancient Microbes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Longer Combination Trucks: Driver Controls and Equipment Inspection Should Be Improved (RCED-94-21). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren, K. L. (2014). Agents of change: A new role for learners in online workplace training [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, October 31). The Fine Art of Using Love as a Weapon. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heilbron, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Heilbron, 2002; Zhou & Bai, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou & Bai, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Anderson et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zheng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMilitary Psychology
AbbreviationMil. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0899-5605
ISSN (online)1532-7876
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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