How to format your references using the Military Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Military Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner, K. (2006). Assault on batteries. Nature, 441(7097), 1046–1047.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrington, J. C., & Ambros, V. (2003). Role of microRNAs in plant and animal development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5631), 336–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altewischer, E., van Exter, M. P., & Woerdman, J. P. (2002). Plasmon-assisted transmission of entangled photons. Nature, 418(6895), 304–306.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rolef Ben-Shahar, T., Heeger, S., Lehane, C., East, P., Flynn, H., Skehel, M., & Uhlmann, F. (2008). Eco1-dependent cohesin acetylation during establishment of sister chromatid cohesion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5888), 563–566.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mysak, J. (2011). Encyclopedia of Municipal Bonds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kabashima, K. (Ed.). (2016). Immunology of the Skin: Basic and Clinical Sciences in Skin Immune Responses (1st ed. 2016). Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Meng, E., Zhang, X., & Benard, W. (2011). Additive Processes for Polymeric Materials. In R. Ghodssi & P. Lin (Eds.), MEMS Materials and Processes Handbook (pp. 193–271). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Military Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 28). Experimental Treatment Reverses Behavioral Symptoms Of Rett Syndrome In Mice. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Hazardous Materials Rail Shipments: Emergency Responders Receive Support, but DOT Could Improve Oversight of Information Sharing (GAO-17-91). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brient, R. (2009). Performance considerations for Philippe Gaubert’s “Madrigal” [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, June 25). Diplomatic Traveling Supporter Of U.S. Team Sees the Big Picture. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleiner, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Carrington & Ambros, 2003; Kleiner, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carrington & Ambros, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Altewischer et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rolef Ben-Shahar et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMilitary Psychology
AbbreviationMil. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0899-5605
ISSN (online)1532-7876
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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