How to format your references using the Nucleus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nucleus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mellman I. Private lives: reflections and challenges in understanding the cell biology of the immune system. Science 2007; 317:625–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Boughn S, Crittenden R. A correlation between the cosmic microwave background and large-scale structure in the Universe. Nature 2004; 427:45–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yabuta NH, Sawatari A, Callaway EM. Two functional channels from primary visual cortex to dorsal visual cortical areas. Science 2001; 292:297–300.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Ge G-X, Sun H-B, Sun H-B, Han Y, Song F-Q, Zhao J-J, Wang G-H, Wan J-G. Reversible switching of magnetic states by electric fields in nitrogenized-divacancies graphene decorated by tungsten atoms. Sci Rep 2014; 4:7575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Joyce PM, Lipton D. Lamentations Through the Centuries. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Lefere P, Gryspeerdt S, editors. Virtual Colonoscopy: A Practical Guide. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kumpulainen K, Lankinen T. Striving for Educational Equity and Excellence. In: Niemi H, Toom A, Kallioniemi A, editors. Miracle of Education: The Principles and Practices of Teaching and Learning in Finnish Schools. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. page 69–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nucleus.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Why Are Humans Unique? It’s The Small Things That Count [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-are-humans-unique-it-s-small-things-count/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Program To Increase Graduates From Health Professions Schools and Improve the Quality of Their Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Burugupalli RT. 2x1 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Parallel Cancellation Scheme with Viterbi Decoding. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. Storefront Takeout, From Scratch. New York Times2007; :NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNucleus
AbbreviationNucleus
ISSN (print)1949-1034
ISSN (online)1949-1042
ScopeCell Biology

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