How to format your references using the Nucleus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nucleus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hubbell JA. Materials science. Enhancing drug function. Science 2003; 300:595–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Millar CI, Stephenson NL. Temperate forest health in an era of emerging megadisturbance. Science 2015; 349:823–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Guedes JD, Bocinsky RK, Butler EE. Asian archaeology. Comment on "Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 B.P. ". Science 2015; 348:872.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Zeng H, Li J, Liu JP, Wang ZL, Sun S. Exchange-coupled nanocomposite magnets by nanoparticle self-assembly. Nature 2002; 420:395–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baban TM. Shallow Foundations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Gobbetti M. Bacterial Communication in Foods. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bdiwi M, Kolker A, Suchý J, Winkler A. Automated Assistance Robot System for Transferring Model-Free Objects From/To Human Hand Using Vision/Force Control. In: Herrmann G, Pearson MJ, Lenz A, Bremner P, Spiers A, Leonards U, editors. Social Robotics: 5th International Conference, ICSR 2013, Bristol, UK, October 27-29, 2013, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013. page 40–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nucleus.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Scientists Search For The Origins Of Alzheimer’s In Space [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-search-origins-alzheimers-space/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Operational Tests Extended. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ma D. Acyclic congeners of Cucurbit[n]uril and a related mechanistic study on the Cucurbit[n]uril forming reaction. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Yablonsky L. A Vote for Small. New York Times2012; :ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNucleus
AbbreviationNucleus
ISSN (print)1949-1034
ISSN (online)1949-1042
ScopeCell Biology

Other styles