How to format your references using the Nucleus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nucleus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N. Technology: the taste of things to come. Nature 2012; 486:S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cryan JF, O’Leary OF. Neuroscience. A glutamate pathway to faster-acting antidepressants? Science 2010; 329:913–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gambardella A, Prezioso M, Cavallini M. Tunnel conductivity switching in a single nanoparticle-based nano floating gate memory. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4196.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chilingarian I, Cayatte V, Revaz Y, Dodonov S, Durand D, Durret F, Micol A, Slezak E. A population of compact elliptical galaxies detected with the Virtual Observatory. Science 2009; 326:1379–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forsberg K, Mansdorf SZ. Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Leszczynski J, Shukla MK, editors. Practical Aspects of Computational Chemistry III. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Chittenden F, Iancich S, Sloan B. Techniques Available for Estimating the Impact of Regulations. In: Nijsen A, Hudson J, Müller C, Paridon K, Thurik R, editors. Business Regulation and Public Policy: The Costs and Benefits of Compliance. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. page 1–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nucleus.

Blog post
Davis J. Dinosaurs May Have Been Cooing To Each Other [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Needs to Strengthen Its Strategic Planning and Oversight to Modernize Legacy Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClinton BE. Preparing for the third age: A retirement planning course outline for lifelong learning programs. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Message To Einhorn: Pay Reyes. New York Times2011; :B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNucleus
ISSN (print)1949-1034
ISSN (online)1949-1042
ScopeCell Biology

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