How to format your references using the Milan Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Milan Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pryciak, P.M.: Systems biology. Customized signaling circuits. Science. 319, 1489–1490 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Reisz, R.R., Smith, M.M.: Developmental biology. Lungfish dental pattern conserved for 360 Myr. Nature. 411, 548 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumar, G., Tang, H.X., Schroers, J.: Nanomoulding with amorphous metals. Nature. 457, 868–872 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, S., Zhou, J., Dong, C.-L., Hu, Y., Tseng, E.N., Guo, P., Guo, L., Mao, S.S.: Surface engineered doping of hematite nanorod arrays for improved photoelectrochemical water splitting. Sci. Rep. 4, 6627 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, M.B.: Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods: Smith/Compendium. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Jacko, J.A. ed: Human-Computer Interaction. HCI Intelligent Multimodal Interaction Environments: 12th International Conference, HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007, Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Gent, M.R.A.: On the Stability of Rock Slopes. In: Zimmermann, C., Dean, R.G., Penchev, V., and Verhagen, H.J. (eds.) Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection Structures Varna, Bulgaria 25–27 May 2004. pp. 73–92. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Milan Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Have We Detected A Hint Of A New Force Of Nature?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FCC: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services Licensees. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liburd-Shaddai, J.L.: The experiences of remedial instructors at one urban community college: A case study, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Russian Lawmakers Advance Counterterrorism Measures, (2004)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMilan Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationMilan J. Math.
ISSN (print)1424-9286
ISSN (online)1424-9294
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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