How to format your references using the Milan Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Milan Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weaire, D.: Applied physics. A fresh start for foam physics. Science. 340, 693–694 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Simmons, N.A., Gurrola, H.: Multiple seismic discontinuities near the base of the transition zone in the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 405, 559–562 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Minai, L., Yeheskely-Hayon, D., Yelin, D.: High levels of reactive oxygen species in gold nanoparticle-targeted cancer cells following femtosecond pulse irradiation. Sci. Rep. 3, 2146 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ronquist, F., Larget, B., Huelsenbeck, J.P., Kadane, J.B., Simon, D., van der Mark, P.: Comment on “Phylogenetic MCMC algorithms are misleading on mixtures of trees.” Science. 312, 367; author reply 367 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuzmeski, M.: The Connectors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009)
An edited book
Busby, J.T., Ilevbare, G., Andresen, P.L. eds: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems — Water Reactors. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Christinal, H.A., Berciano, A., Díaz-Pernil, D., Gutiérrez-Naranjo, M.A.: Searching Partially Bounded Regions with P Systems. In: Pant, M., Deep, K., Nagar, A., and Bansal, J.C. (eds.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2013, Volume 1. pp. 45–54. Springer India, New Delhi (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Milan Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Have Astronomers Found The Largest Structure In The Known Universe?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Preliminary Observations on Past, Present, and Future. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Basik, N.: An evolutionary approach to intuitionism and moral realism, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E.: American Airlines Suspends Worker After Episode on Plane, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMilan Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationMilan J. Math.
ISSN (print)1424-9286
ISSN (online)1424-9294
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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