How to format your references using the Milan Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Milan Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linden, H.: Circadian rhythms. A white collar protein senses blue light. Science. 297, 777–778 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Boles, L.C., Lohmann, K.J.: True navigation and magnetic maps in spiny lobsters. Nature. 421, 60–63 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Moreno, E., Basler, K., Morata, G.: Cells compete for decapentaplegic survival factor to prevent apoptosis in Drosophila wing development. Nature. 416, 755–759 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schoepp-Cothenet, B., Duval, S., Santini, J.M., Nitschke, W.: Comment on “Arsenic (III) fuels anoxygenic photosynthesis in hot spring biofilms from Mono Lake, California.” Science. 323, 583; author reply 583 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glover, F., Klingman, D., Phillips, N.V.: Network Models in Optimization and their Applications in Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (1992)
An edited book
Mimura, N. ed: Asia-Pacific Coasts and Their Management: States of Environment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Azkarate, A., Escribano-Ruiz, S., Sánchez-Pinto, I., Benedet, V.: Thoughts on Early Spanish Colonialism Through Two American Case Studies: Basque Fisheries (Canada) and Sancti Spiritus Settlement (Argentina). In: Montón-Subías, S., Cruz Berrocal, M., and Ruiz Martínez, A. (eds.) Archaeologies of Early Modern Spanish Colonialism. pp. 93–115. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Milan Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Fearsome Dinosaur With Ludicrously Tiny Arms Means T. Rex Wasn’t Alone,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Chemical Assessments: Challenges Remain with EPA’s Integrated Risk Information System Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hutsell, J.D.: School board members’ perception on their roles and responsibilities in developing policy that affects student achievement, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: Storefront Takeout, From Scratch, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMilan Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationMilan J. Math.
ISSN (print)1424-9286
ISSN (online)1424-9294
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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