How to format your references using the Milan Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Milan Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt, S.: Dancing with an escape artist. Nature. 466, S6-7 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Blackburn, E.H., Epel, E.S.: Telomeres and adversity: Too toxic to ignore. Nature. 490, 169–171 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kusano, K., Johnson-Schlitz, D.M., Engels, W.R.: Sterility of Drosophila with mutations in the Bloom syndrome gene--complementation by Ku70. Science. 291, 2600–2602 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Khan, P., Saxena, T., Jain, H., Adarsh, K.V.: Nanosecond light induced, thermally tunable transient dual absorption bands in a-Ge₅As₃₀Se₆₅ thin film. Sci. Rep. 4, 6573 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cann, A.J.: Mathe für Biologen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2004)
An edited book
Lagarias, J.C. ed: The Kepler Conjecture: The Hales-Ferguson Proof. Springer, New York, NY (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Kurtz, J., Wortman, B.: Building the Environment and Creating the Source Tree. In: Wortman, B. (ed.) ASP.NET Web API 2: Building a REST Service from Start to Finish. pp. 31–47. Apress, Berkeley, CA (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Milan Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Whatever The Strangest Star In The Galaxy Is, It’s Sure To Be Amazing,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Utilization of Consultants and Experts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1970)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nistal França, F.J.: Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bolon, A.-S., Karasz, P., McKINLEY, J.C., Jr: At Least 13 Killed in Vehicle Attack on Spanish Street, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMilan Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationMilan J. Math.
ISSN (print)1424-9286
ISSN (online)1424-9294
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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