How to format your references using the Health Policy and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Policy and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rowlett P. The unplanned impact of mathematics. Nature 2011;475:166–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Noakes T, Spedding M. Olympics: Run for your life. Nature 2012;487:295–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wake H, Lee PR, Fields RD. Control of local protein synthesis and initial events in myelination by action potentials. Science 2011;333:1647–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
van Dam JA, Abdul Aziz H, Alvarez Sierra MA, Hilgen FJ, van den Hoek Ostende LW, Lourens LJ, et al. Long-period astronomical forcing of mammal turnover. Nature 2006;443:687–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Thomas CG. Greece. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Diagana T. Non-Archimedean Operator Theory. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kim J, Kim S. Bilateral Filtered Shadow Maps. In: Bebis G, Boyle R, Parvin B, Koracin D, Kuno Y, Wang J, et al., editors. Advances in Visual Computing: 5th International Symposium, ISVC 2009, Las Vegas, NV, USA, November 30-December 2, 2009. Proceedings, Part II, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Policy and Technology.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. 99% Of All Seabird Species Will Likely Be Eating Plastic By 2050. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/99-all-seabird-species-will-likely-be-eating-plastic-2050/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Garza-Meza LE. Photography as a spiritual technique. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Federal Judges Take Steps To Improve Accountability. New York Times 2006:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Policy and Technology
AbbreviationHealth Policy Technol.
ISSN (print)2211-8837
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Health Policy

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