How to format your references using the Middle East Fertility Society Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Middle East Fertility Society Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I. Wickelgren, Neuroscience. Monkey see, monkey think about doing, Science. 305 (2004) 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.A. Jadamec, M.I. Billen, Reconciling surface plate motions with rapid three-dimensional mantle flow around a slab edge, Nature. 465 (2010) 338–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Dehaene-Lambertz, S. Dehaene, L. Hertz-Pannier, Functional neuroimaging of speech perception in infants, Science. 298 (2002) 2013–2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Pan, A. Kobayashi, P. Jiang, L. Ferrari de Andrade, R.E. Tay, A.M. Luoma, D. Tsoucas, X. Qiu, K. Lim, P. Rao, H.W. Long, G.-C. Yuan, J. Doench, M. Brown, X.S. Liu, K.W. Wucherpfennig, A major chromatin regulator determines resistance of tumor cells to T cell-mediated killing, Science. 359 (2018) 770–775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Misra, S. Goswami, Network Routing, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
P. Brusov, Modern Corporate Finance, Investments and Taxation, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Deng, Public Enforcement of Antitrust Law in China: Perspective of Procedural Fairness, in: F. Jenny, Y. Katsoulacos (Eds.), Competition Law Enforcement in the BRICS and in Developing Countries: Legal and Economic Aspects, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 135–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Middle East Fertility Society Journal.

Blog post
K. Evans, $20,000 Reward For 350 Endangered Salamanders “Missing” From Center, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Cost Factors in CARE Act Formulas, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Moore, Seasonal Temperature Reconstruction for Northeastern Siberia during the Late Pleistocene from High-Resolution Oxygen Isotope Measurements Across Fossil Wood, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, HBO’s ‘Veep’ to End In 2018 After 7 Seasons, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMiddle East Fertility Society Journal
ISSN (print)1110-5690

Other styles